EMBARGOED UNTIL 10 A.M. EST, 12/18/2001 FILMS SELECTED TO THE NATIONAL FILM REGISTRY, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS - 2001 1) Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein (1948) 2) All That Jazz (1979) 3) All the King's Men (1949) 4) America, America (1963) 5) Cologne: From the Diary of Ray and Esther (1939) 6) Evidence of the Film (1913) 7) Hoosiers (1986) 8) The House in the Middle (1954) 9) It (1927) 10) Jam Session (1942) 11) Jaws (1975) 12) Manhattan (1979) 13) Marian Anderson: The Lincoln Memorial Concert (1939) 14) Memphis Belle (1944) 15) The Miracle of Morgan's Creek (1944) 16) Miss Lulu Bett (1921) 17) National Lampoon's Animal House (1978) 18) Planet of the Apes (1968) 19) Rose Hobart (1936) 20) Serene Velocity (1970) 21) The Sound of Music (1965) 22) Stormy Weather (1943) 23) The Tell-Tale Heart (1953) 24) The Thin Blue Line (1988) 25) The Thing From Another World (1951) 12/18/2001 Credits for Films Selected to the 2001 National Film Registry of the Library of Congress [Note: Credits are provided for informational purposes only and in no way meant to be definitive or comprehensive.] 1) Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein (Universal, 1948) 83 minutes, b&w Producer: Robert Arthur Director: Charles T. Barton Screenplay: Robert Lees, Frederic Rinaldo, and John Grant Cinematographer: Charles Van Enger, A.S.C. Music: Frank Skinner Editor: Frank Gross Cast: Bud Abbott, Lou Costello, Lon Chaney, Jr., Bela Lugosi, Glenn Strange, Lenore Aubert, Jane Randolph, Frank Ferguson, Charles Bradstreet, Vincent Price 2) All That Jazz (20th Century Fox/Columbia Pictures, 1979) 123 minutes, Technicolor Producer: Robert Alan Aurthur Director: Bob Fosse Screenplay: Bob Fosse and Robert Alan Aurthur Cinematographer: Giuseppe Rotunno, A.S.C. Music: Ralph Burns Choreography: Bob Fosse Editor: Alan Heim Art Direction: Philip Rosenberg and Tony Walton; set decoration: Edward Stewart and Gary Brink Cast: Roy Scheider, Jessica Lange, Ann Reinking, Leland Palmer, Cliff Gorman, Ben Vereen, Erzsebet Foldi, Michael Tolan, Max Wright 3) All the King's Men (Columbia Pictures, 1949) 109 minutes, b&w Producer/Director: Robert Rossen Screenplay: Robert Rossen, based on the Robert Penn Warren novel Cinematographer: Burnett Guffey, A.S.C. Editor: Al Clark and Robert Parrish Music: Louis Gruenberg Production Design: Sturges Carne and Louis Diage Cast: Broderick Crawford, Joanne Dru, John Ireland, John Derek, Mercedes McCambridge, Anne Seymour, Shepperd Strudwick, Raymond Greenleaf, Ralph Dumke, Katherine Warren, and Walter Burke 4) America, America (Warner Bros., 1963) 168 minutes, b&w Producer/Director/Screenplay: Elia Kazan Cinematographer: Haskell Wexler, A.S.C. Editor: Dede Allen Music: Manos Hadjidakis Art Direction: Gene Callahan Cast: Stathis Giallelis, Frank Wolff, Harry Davis, Elena Karam, Estelle Hemsley, Gregory Rozakis, Lou Antonio, Salem Ludwig, John Marley, Joanna Frank, Linda Marsh, Paul Mann, Robert H. Harris, and Katharine Balfour 5) Cologne: From the Diary of Ray and Esther (Raymond and Esther Dowidat, 1939) 14 minutes, b&w Filmmakers: Raymond Dowidat and Esther Dowidat 6) Evidence of the Film (Thanhouser, 1913) ca. 15 minutes, silent, b&w Producer: Edwin Thanhouser Directors: Edwin Thanhouser and Lawrence Marston (Marsden) Cast: Florence LaBadie and Marie Eline 7) Hoosiers (Hemdale/Orion Pictures, 1986) 114 minutes, color Producers: Carter DeHaven and Angelo Pizzo Director: David Anspaugh Screenplay: Angelo Pizzo Cinematographer: Fred Murphy Music: Jerry Goldsmith Editor: C. Timothy O'Meara Production Design: David Nichols Cast: Gene Hackman, Barbara Hershey, Dennis Hopper, Sheb Wooley, Fern Persons 8) The House in the Middle (National Clean Up-Paint Up-Fix Up Bureau, 1954) 13 minutes, color Produced with the cooperation of the Federal Civil Defense Administration 9) It (Famous Players-Lasky/Paramount, 1927) 7 reels, silent, b&w Diector: Clarence Badger (with some scenes by Josef von Sternberg) Screenplay: Hope Loring, Louis Lighton, and Elinor Glyn, based on the story by Glyn Cinematographer: Kinley Martin, A.S.C. Titles: George Marion, Jr. Editor: E. Lloyd Sheldon Cast: Clara Bow, Antonio Moreno, William Austin, Jacqueline Gadsdon, Gary Cooper, Julia Swayne Gordon, Priscilla Bonner, and Elinor Glyn. 10) Jam Session (Soundies Dist. Corp. of America, 1942) 3 minutes, b&w Producer: Sam Coslow Director: Josef Berne Cast/Performers: Duke Ellington and His Orchestra: Ray Nance, Rex Stewart, Ben Webster, Joe Nanton, Barney Bigard, and Sonny Greer. Perform "C Jam Blues" 11) Jaws (Universal, 1975) 124 minutes, Technicolor Producers: Richard Zanuck and David Brown Director: Steven Spielberg Screenplay: Peter Benchley and Carl Gottlieb, based on Benchley's novel Cinematographer: Bill Butler; (underwater footage: Rexford Metz, A.S.C.); (shark footage: Ron and Valerie Taylor) Music: John Williams Editor: Verna Fields Cast: Roy Scheider, Robert Shaw, Richard Dreyfuss, Lorraine Gary and Murray Hamilton 12) Manhattan (United Artists, 1979) 96 minutes, b&w Producer: Charles H. Joffe Director: Woody Allen Screenplay: Woody Allen and Marshall Brickman Cinematographer: Gordon Willis, A.S.C. Music: George Gershwin, performed by the New York Philharmonic (conducted by Zubin Mehta) and the Buffalo Philharmonic (conducted by Michael Tilson Thomas). Music adapted and arranged by Tom Pierson Editor: Susan E. Morse Cast: Woody Allen, Diane Keaton, Mariel Hemingway, Michael Murphy, Meryl Streep, and Anne Byrne 13) Marian Anderson: The Lincoln Memorial Concert (1939) Performance by Marian Anderson at The Lincoln Memorial, on Easter Sunday, 1939 14) Memphis Belle (U.S. Army Eight Air Force/Paramount, 1944) 40 minutes, Technicolor Director: Lt. Col. William Wyler Cinematographers: Major William C. Clothier and Lt. Harold Tannenbaum. 15) The Miracle of Morgan's Creek (Paramount, 1944) 99 minutes, b&w Producer/Director/Writer: Preston Sturges Cinematographer: John F. Seitz, A.S.C. Editor: Stuart Gilmore Cast: Eddie Bracken, Betty Hutton, Diana Lynn, William Demarest, Brian Donlevy, Akim Tamiroff, Georgia Caine, Emory Parnell. 16) Miss Lulu Bett (Famous Players-Lasky/Paramount, 1921) 7 reels, silent, b&w Producer: Adolph Zukor Director: William C. De Mille Screenplay: Clara Beranger, based on the Zona Gale novel and play Cinematographer: L. Guy Wilky, A.S.C. Cast: Lois Wilson, Milton Sills, Theodore Roberts, Helen Ferguson, Mabel Van Buren, May Giraci, Clarence Burton, Ethel Wales, Taylor Graves, Charles Ogle. 17) National Lampoon's Animal House (Universal, 1978) 109 minutes, color Producers: Matty Simmons and Ivan Reitman Director: John Landis Screenplay: Harold Ramis, Douglas Kenney and Chris Miller Cinematographer: Charles Correll, A.S.C. Music: Elmer Bernstein Editor: George Folsey, Jr. Art Director: John J. Lloyd Set Design: Hal Gausman Cast: John Belushi, Tim Matheson, John Vernon, Thomas Hulce, Cesare Danova, Mary Louise Weller, Stephen Furst, James Daughton, Mark Metcalf, Bruce McGill, Karen Allen, James Widdoes, Martha Smith, DeWayne Jessie, Kevin Bacon, Peter Riegert, Donald Sutherland, Verna Bloom, Sarah Holcomb, Lisa Baur 18) Planet of the Apes (Twentieth Century-Fox, 1968) 112 minutes, color Producer: Arthur P. Jacobs Director: Franklin J. Schaffner Screenplay: Michael Wilson and Rod Serling, based on the novel by Pierre Boulle Cinematographer: Leon Shamroy, A.S.C. Music: Jerry Goldsmith Editor: Hugh S. Fowler Makeup: John Chambers Art Direction: Jack Martin Smith and William Creber Set Decoration: Walter M. Scott and Norman Rockett Cast: Charlton Heston, Roddy McDowall, Kim Hunter, Maurice Evans, James Whitmore, James Daly, Linda Harrison 19) Rose Hobart (Joseph Cornell, 1936) 19 minutes, tinted, silent with musical accompaniment Director/Cinematographer/Editor: Joseph Cornell 20) Serene Velocity (Ernie Gehr, 1970) 23 minutes, color, silent Director/Cinematographer/Editor: Ernie Gehr 21) The Sound of Music (Twentieth Century-Fox, 1965) 174 minutes, color Producer/Director: Robert Wise Screenplay: Ernest Lehman, based on the musical play by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II, adapted from the novel of the same name by Howard Lindsay and Russell Crouse Cinematographer: Ted McCord, A.S.C. Editor: William Reynolds Songs: Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II Music Supervision: Irwin Kostal Cast: Julie Andrews, Christopher Plummer, Eleanor Parker, Richard Haydn, Peggy Wood, Charmain Carr, Anna Lee, Marnie Nixon, Nicholas Hammond, Duane Chase, Heather Menzies, Angela Cartwright, Debbie Turner and Kym Karath 22) Stormy Weather (Twentieth Century-Fox, 1943) 77 minutes, b&w Producer: William LeBaron Director: Andrew Stone Screenplay: Frederick Jackson, Ted Koehler, and H.S. Kraft, based on a story by Jerry Horwin and Seymour B. Robinson Cinematographer: Leon Shamroy, A.S.C. Editor: James B. Clark Music Dir: Emil Newman Cast: Lena Horne, Bill Robinson, Cab Calloway and Band, Katherine Dunham and Her Troupe, Fats Waller, Nicholas Brothers, Ada Brown, Dooley Wilson, The Tramp Band, Net Stanfield, Johnny Horace, Babe Wallace, Ernest Whitman, Zuttie Singleton, Mae E. Johnson, Flournoy Miller, Johnnie Lee, Robert Felder, Nicodemus Stewart 23) The Tell-Tale Heart (UPA/Columbia, 1953) 8 minutes, Technicolor Producer: Steven Bosustow Director: Ted Parmalee Story Adaptation: Bill Scott and Fred Grable Animation: Pat Matthews Cinematographer: Jack Eckes Music: Boris Kremenliev Narrator: James Mason 24) The Thin Blue Line (Third Floor Productions/American Playhouse and Miramax Films, 1988) 96 minutes, color Producer: Mark Lipson Director: Errol Morris Cinematographers: Stefan Czapsky and Robert Chappell Editor: Paul Barnes Music: Philip Glass 25) The Thing From Another World (RKO, 1951) 87 minutes, b&w Producer: Howard Hawks Director: Christian Nyby Screenplay: Charles Lederer, based on the story "Who Goes There," by John W. Campbell, Jr. Cinematographer: Russell Harlan, A.S.C. Editor: Roland Gross Cast: Kenneth Tobey, Robert Cornthwaite, Margaret Sheridan, Eduard Franz, Douglas Spencer, Dewey Martin, James ArnessFor Release: After 10 a.m. (EST) December 18, 2001
Under the terms of the National Film Preservation Act, each year the Librarian of Congress names 25 "culturally, historically or aesthetically" significant motion pictures to the Registry. The list is designed to reflect the full breadth and diversity of America's film heritage, thus increasing public awareness of the richness of American cinema and the need for its preservation. As Dr. Billington said: "Our film heritage is America's living past. It celebrates the creativity and inventiveness of diverse communities and our nation as a whole. By preserving American films, we safeguard a significant element of our cultural history."
This year's selections span the 20th century from 1913-1988, and encompass films ranging from Hollywood classics to lesser-known, but still vital, works. Among films named this year: All the King's Men, Robert Rossen's stunning political drama based on Robert PennWarren's novel; Cologne, a home movie doubling as an illuminating and fascinating social documentary of a 1930s Minnesota town; House in the Middle, a not-to-be-missed, 1950s-era civil defense film showing that neatness and cleanliness equal survival in the nuclear age; Jaws, the landmark horror film that created the phenomenon known as the "summer movie"; Manhattan, Woody Allen's loving, bittersweet paean to The Big Apple and New Yorkers; Marian Anderson: The Lincoln Memorial Concert, a documentary record of the pivotal cultural event where a major American artist turned a racial snub into an electrifying display of what America should mean; Planet of the Apes, a brilliant allegory combining futuristic pulp science fiction with contemporary social commentary; Stormy Weather, showcasing a once-in-a-lifetime cast of famed African American performers; and The Tell-Tale Heart, a stylish Dali-esque adaptation of the Edgar Allen Poe short story, fusing the UPA Studio's unique animation with James Mason's feverishly chilling narration.
The Librarian chose this year's titles after evaluating nearly a thousand titles nominated by the public and following intensive discussions, both with the distinguished members and alternates of his advisory body, the National Film Preservation Board, whom the Librarian consults both on Registry film selection and national film preservation policy, and the Library's own Motion Picture Division staff.
Dr. Billington noted that: "The films we choose are not necessarily either the ‘best' American films ever made, or the most famous. But they are films that continue to have cultural, historical or aesthetic significance-- and in many cases represent countless other films deserving of recognition. The selection of a film, I stress, is not an endorsement of its ideology or content, but rather a recognition of the film's importance to American film and cultural history and to history in general."
"Taken together, the 325 films in the National Film Registry represent a stunning range of American filmmaking -- including Hollywood features, documentaries, avant-garde and amateur productions, films of regional interest, ethnic, animated, and short film subjects -- all deserving recognition, preservation and access by future generations. As we begin this new Millennium, the Registry stands among the finest summations of American cinema's wondrous first century," said Dr. Billington.
This key component of American cultural history, however, remains a legacy with much already lost or in peril. Dr. Billington added: "In spite of the heroic efforts of archives, the motion picture industry and others, America's film heritage, by any measure, is an endangered species. Fifty percent of the films produced before 1950 and at least 90 percent made before 1920 have disappeared forever. Sadly, our enthusiasm for watching films has proved far greater than our commitment to preserving them. And, ominously, more films are lost each year -- through the ravages of nitrate deterioration, color-fading and the recently discovered 'vinegar syndrome,' which threatens the acetate-based (safety) film stock on which the vast majority of motion pictures, past and present, have been preserved."
For each title named to the Registry, the Library of Congress works to ensure that the film is preserved for all time, either through the Library's massive motion picture preservation program at Dayton, Ohio, or through collaborative ventures with other archives, motion picture studios, and independent filmmakers. The Library of Congress contains the largest collections of film and television in the world, from the earliest surviving copyrighted motion picture to the latest feature releases.
For more information, please consult the National Film Preservation Board Web site: www.loc.gov/film.
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