The Civil Rights History Project: Survey of Collections and Repositories
Oral history interview with Frank Jenkins
Repository: University of Washington. Special Collections Division
Collection Description (Extant): African-American stevedore and officer of the International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union.
Jenkins moved to Seattle in 1909, and his family lived there in Fort Lawton Army Base and Ballard. He attended Queen Anne High School, but did not finish. Except for a brief time spent in Alaska, he worked in the Seattle docks his entire adult life, working first as a riveter and later a longshoreman. He joined the longshoremen's union in 1934 and served as one of its officers from 1936 to 1940 , and from 1943 until his retirement in 1967.
Jenkins details the history of the International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union's (ILWU) exclusionary practices in the Puget Sound area, discusses discriminatory hiring policies which limited employment opportunities for black longshoremen in Seattle, the 1921 and 1934 strikes, and the changed employment practices resulting from the '34 strike. The structure of the ILWU is discussed, as well as some contract negotiations that occurred during Jenkins' tenure as a union official. He chronicles the turbulent post-war history of the longshoremen's union in the Puget Sound area and explains the reason for the union's expulsion from the CIO in 1948 .
Filed with the interview are the summarized minutes of three ILWU meetings, some ILWU ephemera (booklets of the constitution and by-laws, agreements, and a safety code), and Jenkins' 8/16/1973 obituary from the Seattle Times newspaper.
Collection URL: http://uwashington.worldcat.org/oclc/2830039122420
Digital Status: No
Existing IDs: OCLC # 39122420
Extent: 2 sound cassettes (60 min. each); 1 transcript (13 p)
Interviewees: Frank Jenkins
Rights (CRHP): Contact the repository which holds the collection for information on rights
African American labor union members
African Americans--Civil rights--Washington (State)
Civil rights movements--Washington (State)
Congress of Industrial Organizations (U.S.)
Discrimination in employment
International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union
Labor movement--Washington (State)