The Civil Rights History Project: Survey of Collections and Repositories
The civil rights struggle, African American GIs, and Germany
Repository: Vassar College
Collection Description (Extant): This research project explores the connection between the U.S. military presence abroad and the advancement of civil rights in the U.S. It investigates the role that African-American GIs played in carrying the civil rights movement to Germany, which was host to the largest contingent of U.S. troops deployed outside the U.S.
Between 1945 and the end of the Cold War, some 15-20 million American soldiers, families and civilian employees lived in Germany. Between 2-3 million of those Americans were African American. By giving voice to their experience and to that of the people who interacted with them, we will expand the story of the African-American civil rights movement beyond the boundaries of the U.S.
This digital archive has three main goals: First, it will gather and preserve materials on an important, but little known chapter of American and African-American history as well as transatlantic relations after the Second World War. Second, it will make these materials available world wide and free of charge to scholars and teachers in the humanities. Third, it will foster the growth of a community of scholars, teachers, and students who are engaged in teaching and learning about the African-American civil rights movement and its reverberations outside the U.S.
Collection URL: http://www.aacvr-germany.org/AACVR.ORG/index.php?option=com_content&view=frontpage&Itemid=1
Digital Status: Yes
Interviewees: Milton Johnson, Charlotte Johnson, Joe McPhee, Walter Patrice, Thomas P. Stoney, Tom Ward, Felix Goodwin, Harold Montgomery, Spencer Moore, A. William Perry, Reuben Horner, Fred Hurns, Denette Harrod, Lawrence Johnson, Charles Hanson, Jim Williams, Joe Stephenson, Joseph Hairston, Ogelsby Barrett, Leon Bass
Rights (CRHP): Contact the repository which holds the collection for information on rights
African American soldiers--Germany
African American veterans
Discrimination in the military
World War, 1939-1945--Participation, African American