The Civil Rights History Project: Survey of Collections and Repositories
Faubus, Orval Eugene. Papers
Repository: University of Arkansas at Fayetteville. Special Collections
Collection Description (CRHP): See Series 14, Records Pertaining to Little Rock School Integration Crisis, 1957-1959...1977, Series 18, Speeches, Press Releases, Statements, 1950; 1954-1967...1976, Series 15, Records Pertaining to Race Relations in Arkansas, 1954-1970 and Series 24, Sound Recordings and Motion Picture Films, 1954...1970.
Collection Description (Extant): Orval Eugene Faubus was born in the Ozark Mountain community of Greasy Creek; taught school in rural communities (1928. . .1939); worked as itinerant farm laborer and lumberjack (1931. . .1935); briefly attended Commonwealth College, the radical labor school at Mena, Ark. (1935); was elected to two terms (1939-1942) as Madison County, Ark. Circuit Clerk and Recorder; served in the U.S. Army, as an enlisted man and subsequently as a commissioned officer in Europe (1942-1946); was Huntsville, Ark. postmaster (1946-47, 1953-54); edited and published the weekly Madison County Record (1947-1967); was a member of the Arkansas State Highway Commission (1949-1951) and Director of Highways (1952-1953); was elected to six consecutive terms (1955-1967) as Governor of Arkansas, and attracted international attention for his controversial role in the Little Rock, Ark. Central High School racial desegregation crisis (1957-1959); subsequently sought, unsuccessfully, election to the gubernatorial office again in 1970 and 1974. He published accounts of his military experiences, In This Faraway Land (Conway, Ark., 1971), and of his ascent to political power, Down From the Hills (Little Rock, Ark., 1981).
Access Copy Note: For purposes of protecting the legitimate personal confidentiality of identified individuals not in positions of public responsibility, limited access restrictions, uniformly applicable to all applicants for research access, have been imposed on a selected few files or sub-series, such as some of those in Series 9, "Records Pertaining to Public Welfare Program, 1954-1967. " Such files or sub-series are identified by a note on the respective Container List. In addition, for the guidance of reference archivists, such files have been coded with a large red-pencilled "R, " and boxes containing one or more such files have been similarly coded "R, " to indicate that all files in the box are so restricted, or "(R), " to indicate that some, but not all, files in the box are so restricted. Research access to restricted records may, in particular instances and for adequate reason, be granted only with the specific permission of the Curator or his deputy.
Extent: 504 ft. Correspondence, memoranda, reports, speeches, diary, lists, notes, petitions, certificates, clippings, literary manuscripts, legislative bills, scrapbooks, sound recordings, motion picture film, financial, legal, military, and other records created, received, or collected by Faubus (1910-1978) or by staff members of the Arkansas gubernatorial office (1955 -1967).
Finding Aid: This online finding aid is an outline of the extensive paper finding aid, but Series 14, Records Pertaining to Little Rock School Integration Crisis, 1957-1959...1977 is available online.
Finding Aid URL: http://libinfo.uark.edu/SpecialCollections/findingaids/faubusaids/1faubusintro.html
Interviewees: Orval Faubus
Rights (CRHP): Contact the repository which holds the collection for information on rights.
Arkansas--Politics and government
Central High School (Little Rock, Ark.)
Faubus, Orval Eugene, 1910-1994
School integration--Arkansas--Little Rock