The Civil Rights History Project: Survey of Collections and Repositories
Isaiah DeQuincey Newman papers
Repository: University of South Carolina. South Carolina Political Collections
Collection Description (Extant): I. DeQuincey Newman was a Methodist pastor, civil rights activist, and entrepreneur. A leading figure in the Civil Rights movement in South Carolina, he helped organize the Orangeburg branch of the NAACP in 1943, helped found the Progressive Democratic Party, and served the South Carolina NAACP as state field director from 1960 to 1969. From 1972 to 1974, he served as executive assistant to the Director of the S.C. Department of Social Services. From 1974 to 1981, he was Director of the Governor's Rural Regional Coordination Demonstration Project. In 1983, at age 72, he was elected to the South Carolina Senate, thus becoming the first African American to serve in that body since Reconstruction. Due to ill health, he resigned from the Senate in July of 1985.
The Newman papers consist of two-and-a-half feet of correspondence, speeches, sermons, photographs and other records. General papers include correspondence and other materials of a general nature. Letters from November, 1976 include strong recommendations from John West and Bryan Dorn for Newman to be appointed to an ambassadorial post.
Topical files exist for a variety of subjects. NAACP materials include Newman’s detailed monthly, annual and special reports, 1961 to 1969, as Field Secretary. These reports discuss, often in some detail, Newman’s work in organizing new branches of the NAACP, speaking appearances, etc. Also present is a lengthy transcript, over six hundred and fifty pages, of testimony in a 1992 federal court case involving the NAACP, the city of Columbia, and racial
South Carolina Political Collections I. D. Newman Papers, p.4
discrimination, the makeup of Richland County Council, and other matters. Among those testifying was Modjeska Simkins.
Topical files relating to Newman’s association with the Methodist Church include extensive records regarding his efforts to establish the Middleton-Rosemond United Methodist Church in Columbia, 1983 to 1985.
Midcom Corporation sought to establish an African American owned FM radio station in Columbia.
Newman served as a Director of the Progressive Development Corporation along with Earl M. Middleton and Matthew Perry. Incorporated in or about 1968, the company was intended to develop real estate for lower income people.
WEB, Inc. was organized in 1980. The following year, the organization commemorated the efforts of George Elmore, of Elmore v. Rice, 1947, to secure African American participation in the South Carolina Democratic Primary with a granite marker.
Schedules consist of twenty-one pocket sized appointment books, covering most years between 1950 and 1984. There are two volumes for 1966. The volumes became moldy at some point and following digitization, the originals were removed from the collection.
Sermons consist chiefly of notes rather than transcripts of complete sermons. Some are marked with more than one date, presumably showing that the Rev. Newman used this text on more than one occasion. In these instances, the sermon is filed using the earliest date.
Photographs are present showing the Rev. Newman throughout his career. A file of photographs relate to the Peters Field Human Services Corporation. Newman helped start this organization, which brought potable water and sewer services to this neighborhood. Among the general papers is the program, 12 July 1981, for the first anniversary celebration of this organization.
Clippings are arranged into general and topical subseries. The former are arranged chronologically and relate to Newman and general topics of interest. The latter are arranged by topic. The file on “Education, Desegregation, Higher,” includes articles on the desegregation of Clemson University and the University of South Carolina and the takeover of Voorhees College by African American students in 1969.
Oversized items consist of an expression of sympathy to the Newman family by the South Carolina House of Representatives, 23 October 1985, and a Newman campaign placard, 1983.
Collection URL: http://library.sc.edu/scpc/newman.html
Digital Status: Yes
Extent: 2.5 linear feet
Finding Aid URL: http://library.sc.edu/scpc/Newman.pdf
Rights (Extant): Copyright of the Isaiah DeQuincey Newman Papers has been transferred to the University of South Carolina.
African American civil rights workers--South Carolina
African American clergy--South Carolina
African American politicians--South Carolina
African Americans--South Carolina
Civil rights movements--South Carolina
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. South Carolina State Conference