The Civil Rights History Project: Survey of Collections and Repositories
Richard Cummings Pied Piper papers
Repository: University of New Hampshire. Milne Special Collections and Archives
Collection Description (Extant): The collection consists of manuscript, typed, and computer-generated drafts of The Pied Piper: Allard K. Lowenstein and the Liberal Dream (Grove Press, 1985), research materials for the book, an 8-part index released under the Freedom of Information Act by the C.I.A., and taped interviews.
Allard K. Lowenstein (1929-1980), the subject of The Pied Piper, was a complex political figure whose life came to an abrupt end when he was assassinated by a former civil rights movement protege. He was president of the National Student Association in 1950 and a civil rights organizer in the South before he won fame as the "conscience" of American liberals for his key role in deposing President Lyndon B. Johnson during the Vietnam War. He subsequently served one term as a Congressman (1968-1970) and was appointed a United Nations ambassador for special political affairs during Jimmy Carter's presidency.
As Richard Cummings shows in The Pied Piper, however, Lowenstein’s hatred of communism and his fear that the Communists would exploit discontent and undo the liberal reform agenda led him to collaborate with what he perceived as the “good wing” of the C.I.A., who, he thought (erroneously, as it turned out), shared that reform agenda. Consequently, he carried out C.I.A. missions in South Africa and in Franco’s Spain, and informed on many civil rights colleagues who had communist sympathies. He realized his mistake when the C.I.A. began using him to promote American hegemony abroad and the use of undemocratic methods, such as spying, at home. Ironically, his own name appeared on a C.I.A.-generated “enemies list.”
Richard Cummings has been a civil rights activist, legislative counsel, Democratic party convention delegate, Congressional candidate, and teacher.
Digital Status: No
Existing IDs: MC 151
Extent: 12 boxes (55 audiocassettes, 3 transcripts, research material, drafts)
Finding Aid URL: http://www.library.unh.edu/special/index.php/richard-cummings
Interviewees: Harriet Eisman, Richard Murphy, Jenny Littlefield, Frank Lowenstein, Rick Weidman, Greg Stone, William F. Buckley, Jr., Barbara Boggs Sigmund, Paul Sigmund, Gerry Twombly, Bruce Voeller, Joe Rauh, Curtis Gans, Alice Levien, Gina Galkie, Richard Wallach, Doug Ireland, Rita Kupsick, Bronia Kupsick, Hamilton Richardson, George Houser, George Crockett, William Sloane Coffin, Melvin Wulf, William Dentzer, Greg Craig, Tom Flynn, Ken McCominsky, Wendell Wilkie II, Theo Ben-Gurirab, Harris Wofford, Adlai Hardin, William Craig, John Tyler Caldwell, Frank Carlucci, Ernest Wentzel, Brooke Aronson Trent, Carol Hardin Kimball, Jack Greenberg, John Pemberton, Barney Frank, Charles Jones, Emory Bundy, Russell K. Williams, Algernon Black
Rights (CRHP): Contact the repository which holds the collection for information on rights
Civil rights workers
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973
United States National Student Association
United States. Central Intelligence Agency
Vietnam War, 1961-1975