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Finding Aids to Individual Collections in the Archive of Folk Culture  

                   THE RAY M. LAWLESS COLLECTION
AFC 1970/003
Library of Congress
American Folklife Center
April 1996
SUMMARY The Ray M. Lawless Collection consists of manuscripts and photographs collected by Ray M. Lawless in order to publish the book "Folksingers and Folksongs in America" (1960). The manuscripts include correspondence between Lawless and folksingers or their agents, questionnaires, programs, newpaper clippings, magazine write-ups, biographies, promotional materials, and photographic prints of portraits and other subjects, with some negatives. These materials were donated to the Center Archive by Mrs. Hazel K. Lawless in 1970.

Access and Reproduction: Viewing access to the collection is unrestricted. Duplication of the materials may be governed by copyright and other restrictions. Key Subjects: Accordion and guitar music; Appalachian dulcimer music; Baez, Joan; Belafonte, Harry; ballads; ballads, English; banjo and guitar music; banjo - instruction and study; blues (music); country music; dulcimer and guitar music; fiddle tunes; fiddling; folk music - United States; folk songs - American; folk song, English - texts; folk songs, French - Canada; folklore-- United States; holidays--songs and music; Lomax, Alan; Lomax, John; Seeger, Pete; zither and accordion music. Physical Description: Manuscripts and photographs 224 folders (6 boxes) including approximately 142 photoprints. ------------------------------------------------------------ SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE The Ray M. Lawless Collection is primarily biographical material and photographs of folksingers gathered in preparation for Lawless's book _Folksingers and Folksongs in America_ (New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1960; second edition, 1965). The collection was donated to the Library by Mrs. Hazel K. Lawless in 1970. It consists of 224 folders housed in six boxes, occupying approximately 2 feet and 7 inches of storage. Between 1952 and 1959, Lawless wrote to about two hundred "folksingers" and "singers of folksongs," requesting information about their lives and careers. Lawless contacted both professional and non-professional singers. He also wrote to several collectors of folksongs and collectors of folk instruments. The bulk of the collection is Lawless's correspondence with the singers, and the information sent by the singers to Lawless, including a prepared questionnaire. Most singers also sent one or more photographs. Materials in the collection are organized alphabetically by the correspondent's name. The collection includes responses to the prepared questionnaire, carbon copies of Lawless's correspondence, the original letters from his correspondents, photographs, newspaper and magazine clippings, concert programs, publicity materials, and other ephemera. It also includes some correspondence with folksingers not strictly related to the preparation of Lawless's book. For example, there is correspondence concerning the arrangement of a concert at the college where Lawless taught. Photographic negatives created from prints for reference purposes have been added to the collection. The number of negatives may increase over time as this collection is used, rendering requests for more photoprints. The second edition of _Folksingers and Folksongs in America_ (1965) included a "Special Supplement" with biographical information on the generation of folksingers who became prominent around 1960-64 (e.g. Joan Baez and Odetta). To research this updated edition, Lawless drew on previously published sources and did not contact the singers directly as he had in the 1950s. Few of the 1960s folksingers listed in the "Special Supplement" are represented in this collection, and those represented are documented with photographs and clippings, not with correspondence. The folders contain many more photographs than appear in _Folksingers and Folksongs in America_. The book included two kinds of illustrations: photographs of artworks depicting folklife, and photographs of musicians. The photographs of artwork are in folder 2, "Artwork illustrations." The photograph(s) of each musician are under the name of each musician or musician group. COLLECTION INVENTORY AND DESCRIPTION Folder No. Contents 1 Administrative materials regarding the collection. One copy of the collection register [this document]. Correspondence. Arranged chronologically (1956-70) between the Archive of Folk Song, Exchange and Gift Division, and Mrs. Lawless. 2 Artwork--Illustrations. 18 photoprints including 17 illustrations and 1 of unknown musicians. One negative of the illustration "WRECK OF THE '97." Each illustration is identified by title, artist, donor, and photographer, but undated. 3 Adams, Derrols S.: Correspondence & questionnaire; portrait (negative & print). 4 Allison, John: Correspondence & questionnaire; news clippings. 5 Archer, Frances, and Beverly Gile: Correspondence & questionnaire; programs; press release. 6 Arkin, Alan: Questionnaire. 7 Baez, Joan: News clippings; portrait (negative and print); magazine write-ups. 8 Bailey, Jay: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait, 1 large and 1 small prints. 9 Baillargeon-Cote, Helene: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 10 Bair, Fred: Correspondence; questionnaire; photoprint. 11 Balfour, Nemonie: Portrait, photoprint. 12 Ball, E. C.: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 13 Barker, Horton: Correspondence; questionnaire. 14 Barnes, Bobby and Wilmer: Correspondence; questionnaire; programs; news clippings; portrait (prints). 15 Barry, Margaret: Questionnaire. 16 Beers, Robert ("Fiddler"), and Evelyne Beers (Mrs. Fiddler): Correspondence; questionnaires; press releases; programs; reviews; portrait (prints). 17 Belafonte, Harry: Correspondence; biography; questionnaire; portrait (print); news clippings; magazine write-ups. 18 Bender, Bill: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 19 Benton, Jessie: Biography; questionnaire. 20 Bikel, Theodore: Correspondence; questionnaire. 21 Black, Nettie: Correspondence; questionnaire. 22 Boette, Marie: Correspondence; questionnaire; photoprint. 23 Bonyun, Bill: Correspondence; questionnaire; programs; news clippings. 24 Boswell, George: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 25 Boyle, Mary Ella: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 26 Brand, Oscar: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (prints); programs; song texts; _New York Folklore Quarterly_, vol. 8, no. 4. 27 Broonzy, "Big Bill": Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (negative & prints). 28 Bryan, Charles Faulkner: Correspondence; questionnaire; biography; picture of instruments from his collection; draft of article to _Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin_ March 1952 issue; portrait (print). 29 Buckley, Bruce: Correspondence; questionnaire. 30 Burnett, W. H.: Questionnaire. 31 Byrne, Jerry: Correspondence; questionnaire; photoprint. 32 Cahn, Rolf: Correspondence; questionnaire. 33 Missing 34 Cameron, Isla: Questionnaire. 35 Campbell, Booth: Questionnaire; photoprints. 36 Cansler, Loman: Correspondence; news clippings; news write-up; phonograph recording release (Folkways FH 5324); portrait (print). 37 Chalmers, Keith: Correspondence; questionnaire; programs; portrait (print). 38 Chase, Dorothy: Correspondence; questionnaire. 39 Churchill, Stuart: Correspondence; questionnaire; programs; biography; photoprint. 40 Clark, Keith: Correspondence; questionnaire; programs; song score; stories; crafts. 41 Clark, Rogie: Correspondence; questionnaire; news clippings; portrait (print); program. 42 Clauson, William: Correspondence; questionnaire; program; portrait (print). 43 Clayborn, James R., and Garland K.: Questionnaire. 44 Clayton, Paul: Correspondence; questionnaire; news write-up; programs; the _University of Virginia Magazine_, Spring 1956, vol. 1, no. 1. 45 Cobos, Ruben: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print); program. 46 Colby, Fred: Correspondence; questionnaire. 47 Coltman, Robert: Correspondence; questionnaire. 48 Copeland, Dave: Correspondence; questionnaire. 49 Cornett, "Banjo" Bill: Correspondence; questionnaire; news clipping; photoprint. 50 Creswell, Grace: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait, photograph and painting, (print); programs; news clipping; biography. 51 Crisp, Rufus: Correspondence; questionnaire. 52 Cronin, Elizabeth: Correspondence; questionnaire; program; biography; review. 53 Dagel, Kathy: Correspondence; questionnaire. 54 Missing 55 Dane, Barbara: Correspondence; questionnaire; biography. 56 Danufsky, Philip: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 57 Darling, Erik: Correspondence; questionnaire; sketch of instruments; list of phonograph recordings. 58 Davis, Rev. Gary: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print & negative); news write-up. 59 Davis, Mary Jo: Correspondence; questionnaire; news clipping; portrait (print). 60 Davis, Mr. and Mrs. T.M.: Correspondence; questionnaire; photoprint. 61 Dehr, Rich: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 62 Deller, Alfred: Correspondence; questionnaire. 63 Devall, Dick: Correspondence; questionnaire. 64 Diard, Marion: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 65 Dubson, Bonnie: Program; portrait (print). 66 Duncan, Bob: Correspondence; questionnaire; news clippings; program; portrait (print); biography; brochures. 67 Dyer-Bennet, Richard: Correspondence; portrait (print); program; biography. 68 Elliott, Bill: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 69 Elliot, Jack and June: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait and photograph, (prints & negative). 70 Eskin, Sam: Correspondence; questionnaire; news write- up; program; photoprint; record notes: song texts. 71 Faier, Billy: Correspondence; questionnaire; photoprint. 72 Flatt and Scruggs: Portrait; news clippings. 73 Flowers, Robert E. Lee: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 74 Foster, Pat: Questionnaire. 75 Fuller, Jesse: Correspondence; questionnaire; magazine write-up; biography; news clippings; photoprint; record notes. 76 Gainer, Patrick W.: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 77 Gard, Robert: Correspondence. 78 Gibson, Bob: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print); program. 79 Ginandes, Shep: Questionnaire. 80 Glazer, Joe: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 81 Glazer, Tom: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print); programs; sketch. 82 Golden, Terry: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print); photoprints; biography. 83 Gooding, Cynthia: Correspondence; questionnaire; news write-up, portrait (print). 84 Gordon, Hally Wood: Correspondence; questionnaire; photoprint. 85 Greer, Dr. and Mrs. I.G.: Correspondence; questionnaire. 86 Gregory, Frosia: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 87 Grimes, Anne: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print); program; biography. 88 Grise, George C.: Correspondence; questionnaire; news clipping; portrait (print). 89 Hall, Kenneth M.: Correspondence; questionnaire. 90 Hamilton, Frank: Questionnaire. 91 Hammond, John: News clipping; portrait (print). 92 Hammontree, Doney: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 93 Hatcher, T. Ben: Questionnaire. 94 Hayes, Roland: Correspondence; questionnaire; program. 95 Haynes, Valerie: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 96 Hays, Lee: Correspondence; questionnaire. 97 Hellerman, Fred: Correspondence; questionnaire. 98 Hickerson, Joe: Questionnaire. 99 High, Fred: Correspondence; questionnaire; photoprints. 100 Hillhouse, Cora: Correspondence; questionnaire. 101 Hilton, L.M.: Correspondence; questionnaire; portraits (print); program. 102 Hinton, Sam: Correspondence; questionnaire; news clipping; program; portrait (print). 103 Holland, Lori: Questionnaire. 104 Holt, Will: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print); program. 105 House, Wallace: Program. 106 Houston, Cisco: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (negative & print). 107 Hunter, Max: Correspondence; questionnaire; article. 108 Huntington, E.G.: Correspondence; questionnaire. 109 Hurd, Peter: Correspondence; questionnaire; biography; newsclippings. 110 Isaacson, Dan: Correspondence; questionnaire. 111 Ives, Burl: Correspondence; news clippings; news write- ups; programs; portraits (print). 112 Jarrett, Merrick: Correspondence; questionnaire. 113 Jemison, Gene: Correspondence; questionnaire; program; news clipping; portrait (print); photograph (print & negative). 114 Kazee, Buell: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (negative & print). 115 Kincaid, Barry: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 116 King, Martha: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print); news clipping; magazine write-up. 117 Kornfeld, Barry: Correspondence; questionnaire. 118 Kossoy, Sisters: Questionnaire. 119 Kukler, Aolph and Augusta: Correspondence; questionnaire; news clipping; photoprint. 120 Kunitz, Charlene: Correspondence; questionnaire; news clipping; program. 121 Kweskin, Jim, and Jug Band: Program; magazine write-up; news clipping; photoprint. 122 Lane, Lawrence: Correspondence. 123 Langstaff, John: Correspondence; questionnaire; programs; portrait printed on programs; news clipping; magazine write-ups. 124 Leadbelly: Correspondence; portrait on record notes. 125 Ledford, Homer: Portrait (print). 126 Lee, Archie: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 127 Lee, Katie: Correspondence; questionnaire; program; portrait (print); news clipping. 128 Lloyd, A.L.: Questionnaire. 129 Lomax, Alan: Correspondence; news write-up; biography; article. 130 Long, Maud: Questionnaire; photoprint. 131 Loudermilk, Romaine: Correspondence; questionnaire; photoprint. 132 Lunsford, Bascomb: Correspondence; questionnaire; photoprint; program. 133 Maccoll, Ewan: Correspondence; questionnaire; program. 134 McCord, May Kennedy: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait, negative & print; news clipping. 135 McCurdy, Ed: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print); news clipping. 136 McNeil, Brownie: Correspondence; questionnaire; program; portraits (print). 137 Maples, Jo: Correspondence; questionnaire. 138 Marais and Miranda: Correspondence; questionnaire; program; portrait (print). 139 Marcotte, Will and Jean: Questionnaire. 140 Mechau Family: Correspondence; questionnaire; program; news write-up; portrait (print). 141 Meyer, Roy: Correspondence; questionnaire. 142 Mickelson, Eric: Correspondence; questionnaire. 143 Mills, Alan: Correspondence; questionnaire; program; news write-up; news clipping; portrait (print). 144 Mitchell, Merlin: Questionnaire; portrait (print). 145 Mobley, Pleaz W.: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 146 Moon, Jacob and Winnifred: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 147 Morris, Jimmy (Driftwood): Correspondence; questionnaire; 2 song scores by J. Morris. 148 Morrison, Absie: Questionnaire. 149 Moser, Artus: Correspondence; questionnaire; photoprint. 150 Mueller, Joan: Correspondence; questionnaire; biography. 151 Murai, Jean: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print); programs. 152 Murray, Jim and Carmen: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 153 National Music League Vocal Trio: Program; portraits (print). 154 Neal, Ruth: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print); biography. 155 Neibarger, Nancy, and Pearl Kelly: Photoprint. 156 Nickerson, Camille: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 157 Niles, John Jacob: Correspondence; questionnaire; news write-up; biography; programs; portraits (print); news clipping; article. 158 Nye, Hermes: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print); program. 159 O'Bryant, Joan: Correspondence; questionnaire; news clipping. 160 O'Hara, Mary: Correspondence; questionnaire. 161 Okun, Milt: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 162 Oldfather, Charles: Correspondence; questionnaire. 163 Oster, Harry: Correspondence; questionnaire; new write- up; portrait (print). 164 Paley, Tom: Correspondence; questionnaire. 165 Peacock, Ken: Correspondence; questionnaire. 166 Pennington, John B.: Song book: song texts only. 167 Powell, Desmond: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 168 Le Quatour, Alouette: Correspondence; questionnaire; photoprints; program; biography, English and French; reviews. 169 Reed, Jared: Correspondence; questionnaire; program; portraits (print). 170 Reed, Susan: Correspondence; program; news clipping; program. 171 Ritchie, Edna: Correspondence; questionnaire. 172 Ritchie, Jason: Correspondence; portrait (print). 173 Ritchie, Jean: Correspondence; program; news clipping; news write-up; portrait (print) & negative. 174 Ritchie, Jewel: Correspondence; photoprint. 175 Ritchie, May: Correspondence. 176 Ritchie, Una: Correspondence; questionnaire; program; portrait (print). 177 Roberts, Robin: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 178 Robinson, Earl: Correspondence; questionnaire; program; portrait (print). 179 Robinson, Frank V.: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 180 Ross, Rob: Correspondence; questionnaire; Folkways record notes: portrait, song texts. 181 Roth, Herbert: Questionnaire; news clipping. 182 Rubin, Ruth: Correspondence; questionnaire; programs; portrait (print). 183 Rudie, Robert: Portrait (print). 184 Saletan, Tony: Correspondence; questionnaire. 185 Sandburg, Carl: Correspondence; biography; news clippings; portrait (print). 186 Scammell, A.R.: Correspondence; questionnaire; program; portrait (print). 187 Schlamme, Martha: News clipping; portrait (print) on brochure; program; biography; reviews. 188 Scott, Molly: Correspondence; news clipping. 189 Scott, Tom: Correspondence; biography; program. 190 Seeger, Pete: Correspondence; questionnaire; biography; portrait (print); news clippings; program; his How to play the 5-string Banjo; Folkways record notes. 191 Sellers, John: Correspondence; questionnaire. 192 Silverman, Jerry: Correspondence; questionnaire; record notes. 193 Smith, Fred: Correspondence; questionnaire. 194 Smith, Winifred: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 195 Sparks, Lloyd: Questionnaire. 196 Starr, Mary Agnes: Correspondence; questionnaire; biography; program; portrait (print). 197 Stekert, Ellen: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 198 Stone, Eleanor: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 199 Stracke, Win: Correspondence; questionnaire; programs; portrait (print); reviews; news clippings; biography. 200 Sturgill, Virgil: Correspondence; questionnaire; program; portrait (print); news clipping. 201 Summers, Andrew R.: Questionnaire; program; portraits (print). 202 Tarwater, Rebecca: Correspondence; questionnaire. 203 Tate, Charles, and Family: Correspondence; questionnaire; festival programs. 204 Temple, Pick: Correspondence; questionnaire; news clipping; photoprint & portrait (print)s. 205 Terry, Sonny: Photograph (print & negative). 206 Thomson, Paul S.: Correspondence; questionnaire. 207 Tyler, Ruth: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 208 Usher, Alex: Correspondence; questionnaire; portraits (print). 209 Van Wey, Adelaide: Correspondence; questionnaire; biography; program; portraits (print). 210 Vincent, Jenny Wells: Correspondence; questionnaire; news clipping; programs; portrait (print). 211 Warner, Frank: Correspondence; questionnaire; biography; portrait (print). 212 Washington, Jackie: Correspondence; questionnaire; news clipping; program; portrait (print). 213 Weissman, Dick: Questionnaire. 214 Welsch, Roger: Correspondence; questionnaire. 215 West, Harry and Jeanie: Correspondence; portrait (print); program. 216 White, Josh: Biography. 217 Whitmire, Ross C.: Correspondence; questionnaire. 218 Wilder, Dick: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 219 Williams, Betty V.: Questionnaire; news clipping; program. 220 Williams, Cratis: Correspondence; questionnaire; portrait (print). 221 Wilson, Stan: Correspondence; questionnaire; program; portrait (print). 222 Wood, Theodore: Correspondence; questionnaire. 223 Yarbrough, Glen: Questionnaire. 224 Zeitlin, David: Correspondence; questionnaire.

 

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