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Art, Culture, and Government:
The New Deal at 75

Selected Folklife Resources

This list of selected resources contains references to publications by or about the New Deal programs that focus on folk and traditional culture — especially fieldwork and contributions of the Federal Writers' Program's Folklore Project. It also includes subsequent books, articles, and internet sites that draw upon materials collected by Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Farm Security Administration (FSA) fieldworkers and researchers. The list is based on the 1979 Library of Congress reference aid "Folklore and the W.P.A.: A Preliminary Bibliography" compiled by Joseph C. Hickerson with the assistance of Herbert Halpert.

Web Guide

New Deal Programs: Selected Library of Congress Resources

Books and Articles

Abernethy, Francis, Patrick Mullen and Alan Govenar, eds. Juneteenth Texas: Essays in African-American Folklore. Denton: University of North Texas Press, 1996.

Alho, Olli. The Religion of the Slaves: A Study of the Religious Tradition and Behaviour of Plantation Slaves in the United States 1830-1865. FF Communications no. 217. Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatema, Academia Scientiarum Fennica, 1976.

Ambler, Cathy. "The New Deal's Landscape Legacy in Kansas Cemeteries." Markers: Annual Journal of the Association for Gravestone Studies. 15 (1998), 264-85.

An, Jee Hyun. "Black Historical Plays of the 1930's: The Federal Theatre Project and Langston Hughes." Journal of Modern British and American Drama. 16, i (2003), 5-24.

Asmell, James R., et al, of the Tennessee Writers' Project. God Bless the Devil: Liars' Bench Tales. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1940.

Baker, James C. "Oregon Gold Mining Folklore: Federal Writers' Project and Today." Keystone Folklore Quarterly. 16, ii (1971), 71-79.

Baker, Ronald L. Homeless, Friendless, and Penniless: The WPA Interviews with Former Slaves Living in Indiana. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2000.

Baker, Ronald L. Hoosier Folk Legends. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 1982.

Baker, T. Lindsay and Julie P. Baker, eds. The WPA Oklahoma Slave Narratives. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1996.

Banks, Ann. First Person America. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1980.

Barry, Phillips. Folk Music in America. New York: WPA Federal Theatre Project, National Service Bureau. (Publication no. 80-S), 1939.

Barton, John and Myron Briggs. "Voices from the Days of Slavery: Former Slaves Tell Their Stories." Folklife Center News. Vol. 26, iii (2004), 12.

Betts, Leonidas and Richard Walser. "North Carolina Folk Tales from the W.P.A. Writers' Program." North Carolina Folklore. 19, i (1971), 1-32.

Bindas, Kenneth J. All this Music Belongs to the Nation: The WPA's Federal Music Project and American Society. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1996.

Bigham, Shauna. "What the Slaves Were Really Saying: Race, Signification, and the Deconstruction of WPA Slave Narratives." Griot: Official Journal of the Southern Conference on Afro-American Studies, Inc.15, ii (1996), 22-29.

Birdsall, Esther K. "Folklore Problems and Folklore Samplings of the American Guide Series." Journal of the Ohio Folklore Society. 3, iii (1968), 169-185.

Birdsall, Esther K. "Maryland Folklore Recorded in Maryland: A Guide to the Old Line State." Newsletter of the Folklore Society of Greater Washington. 5, ii (1968), 1-5.

Blakey, George T. Creating a Hoosier Self-Portrait: The Federal Writers' Project in Indiana, 1935-1942. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2005.

Blansfield, Karen C. "Artistic and Social Dimensions of Black Culture in the 'Voodoo' Macbeth." Journal of American Drama and Theatre. 4, i (1992), 78-100.

Blassingame,John W. "Using the Testimony of Ex-Slaves: Approaches and Problems." The Journal of Southern History. 41, iv (1975), 473-492.

Bloxom, Margurite D., compiler. Pickaxe and Pencil: References for the Study of the WPA. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1982.

Bold, Christine. "'Staring the World in the Face,' Sacco and Vanzetti in the WPA Guide to Massachusetts." Massachusetts Historical Review. 2003.

Bold, Christine. Writers, Plumbers, and Anarchists: The WPA Writers' Project in Massachusetts. Amherst, MA: U of Massachusetts Press, 2006.

Boswell, George W. "Riddles in the WPA-Collected Folklore Archives." Mississippi Folklore Register. 3, ii (1969), 33-52.

Boswell, George W. "The Several Folklore Archives at Oxford." Mississippi Folklore Register. 6, I (1972), 9-17.

Boswell, George W. "The WPA-Collected Folklore Archives in Jackson." Mississippi Folklore Register. 2, iv (1968), 109-112.

Botkin, Benjamin A. Lay My Burden Down: A Folk History of Slavery. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1945.

Botkin, Benjamin A. "The Slave As His Own Interpreter." Library of Congress Quarterly Journal of Current Acquisitions. 2, i (1944) 37-63.

Botkin, Benjamin A. Supplementary Instructions to the American Guide Manual for Folklore Studies. Washington, DC: WPA, Federal Writers' Project, 1938.

Botkin, Benjamin A. A Treasury of American Folklore. New York: Crown Publishers, 1944.

Botkin, Benjamin A. A Treasury of New England Folklore. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc., 1947.

Botkin, Benjamin A. A Treasury of Western Folklore. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc. 1951.

Botkin, Benjamin A. "We Called It 'Living Lore'." New York Folklore Quarterly. 14, iii (1958), 189-201.

Botkin, Benjamin A. "WPA and Folklore Research: 'Bread and Song'." Southern Folklore Quarterly. 3, i (1939), 7-14.

Brewer, Jeutonne P. The Federal Writers' Project: A Bibliography. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow, 1994.

Brown, James Seay, Jr., ed. Up before Daylight: Life Histories from the Alabama Writers' Project, 1938-1939. University, Alabama: University of Alabama Press, 1982.

Brown, Lorin W. with Charles L. Briggs and Marta Weigle. Hispano Folklife of New Mexico: The Lorin W. Brown Federal Writers' Project Manuscripts. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1978.

Carlsen, Robert E. Nebraska Folklore (Book Two). Lincoln: Woodruff Printing Co., 1940.

Chandler, Genevieve W. "1930s Federal Writers' Project: Collecting Gullah Folklore." Southern Exposure. 5, ii-iii (1977), 119-21.

Check List of California Songs. Conducted under the auspices of the Work Projects Administration. Berkley: University of California, Department of Music, Archive of California Folk Music, 1940.

Check List of Recorded Songs in the English Language in the Archive of American Folk Song to July, 1940. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, Music Division, 1942. 3 volumes. Reprint edition, New York: Arno Press, 1971.

Cole, John Y. "Amassing American 'Stuff': The Library of Congress and the FederalArts Projects of the 1930s." Quarterly Journal of the Library of Congress. 40, iv (1983), 356-389.

Cole-Leonard, Natasha Rene. "'The Hearts of the People': Sterling Allen Brown and the Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration, 1936-1940." Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences. 65, ix (2005): 3383. Howard University, 2004.

Couch, W. T., et. al. These Are Our Lives: As Told by the People and Written by Members of the Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration in North Carolina, Tennessee, and Georgia. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1939. Reprint editions, New York: Arno Press, 1969; St. Clair Shores, MI: Somerset Publishers, 1972; New York: Norton, 1975.

Cowell, Sidney Robertson. Catherine Hiebert Kerst, ed. "Cataloging Folk Music: A Letter from Sidney Robertson Cowell." Folklife Center News. Fall 1989, 10-11.

Cowell, Sidney Robertson. "The Recording of Folk Music in California." California Folklore Quarterly. 1, I (1942), 7-23.

Cox, John Harrington. Folk-Songs Mainly from West Virginia. New York: WPA Federal Theatre Project, National Service Bureau (Publication no. 81-S), 1939. Reprint edition, New York: Da Capo Press, 1977.

Cox, John Harrington. Traditional Ballads and Folk Songs Mainly from West Virginia. George W. Boswell, ed. Philadelphia: Publications of the American Folklore Society (Bibliographical and Special Series, volume 15), 1964. Amended reprints of two collections published by the WPA Federal Theatre Project, 1939.

Cox, John Harrington. Traditional Ballads Mainly from West Virginia. New York: WPA Federal Theatre Project, National Service Bureau (Publication no. 75-S), 1939.

Davis, Hubert J. Christmas in the Mountains: Southwest Virginia Christmas Customs and Their Origins. Murfreesboro, NC: Johnson Publishing Co., 1972.

D'Ooge, Craig. "Conference Honors Benjamin A. Botkin." Folklife Center News. 23, ii (2001), 22.

Dwyer-Shick, Susan. "The Development of Folklore and Folklife Research in the Federal Writers' Project, 1935-1943." Keystone Folklore. 20, iv (1976), 5-31.

Eddy, Mary O. Ballads and Songs from Ohio. Cleveland: Work Projects Administration, 1939.

Escott, Paul D. "The Art and Science of Reading WPA Slave Narratives." In Davis, Charles T. and Henry Louis Gates, Jr., eds. The Slave's Narrative. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985, 40-48.

Escott, Paul D. "Speaking of Slavery: The Historical Value of the Recordings with Former Slaves." In: Bailey, Guy; Natalie Maynor, and Patricia Cukor-Avila, eds. The Emergence of Black English: Text and Commentary. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1991. 123-32.

Esperdy, Gabrielle. "Modernizing Main Street: Everyday Architecture and the New Deal."Dissertation Abstracts International. Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences. 60, iv (1999), 909. City University of New York, 1999.

Fanslow, Robin. "Voices from the Dust Bowl: The Charles L. Todd and Robert Sonkin Collection." Folklife Center News. 20, ii (1998), 3-9.

Federal Music Project, Kentucky. Folk Songs from East Kentucky. n.p.: Works Progress Administration, [1939?]. 2 volumes.

Federal Writers' Project, Idaho. Idaho Lore. Caldwell: Caxton Printers, 1939. Reprint edition, New York: AMS Press, 1975.

Federal Writers' Project, Indiana. Hoosier Tall Stories. 2nd printing, n.p.: Works Progress Administration, 1939.

Felker, Christopher D. "Adaptation of the Source: Ethnocentricity and 'The Florida Negro'." In: Glassman, Steve and Kathryn Lee Seidel, eds. Zora in Florida. Orlando: University of Central Florida; 1991, 146-58.

Ferriss, Abbott L. "Mississippi Fiddle Music." Folklife Center News. 8, iv (1985), 4-6.

Fife, Austin and Alta Fife. "Superstitions from Oregon." Western Folklore. 26, i (1967), 12.

Fife, Austin and Alta Fife. "Oregon Superstitions." Western Folklore. 24, i (1965), 22.

Fife, Austin and Alta Fife. "Oregon Death and Funerary Beliefs."Western Folklore. 24, i (1965), 6.

Filene, Benjamin. Romancing the Folk: Public Memory and American Roots Music. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

Findlay, James A. and Margaret Bing. "Touring Florida Through the Federal Writers' Project." The Journal of Decorative and Propaganda Arts. 23 (1998), 288-305.

Forrest, Suzanne. The Preservation of the Village: New Mexico's Hispanics and the New Deal. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1989.

Fox, Daniel. "Achievement of the Federal Writers' Project." American Quarterly 13, I (1961), 3-19.

Fraden, Rena. Blueprints for a Black Federal Theatre, 1935-1939. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Fry, Gladys-Marie. Night Riders in Black Folk History. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1975.

Garner, Lori Ann. "Representations of Speech in the WPA Slave Narratives of Florida and the Writings of Zora Neale Hurston." Western Folklore. 59, iii-iv (2000), 215-231.

Gill, Glenda E. "'Nothing but a Man': Leonard de Paur's Legacy of Subtle Activism in Theatre and Music."Journal of American Drama and Theatre. 15, iii (2003), 46-77.

Gill, Glenda E. White Grease Paint on Black Performers: A Study of the Federal Theatre, 1935-1939. New York: Peter Lang, 1988.

Glass, Paul. 20 American and Irish Fiddle Tunes: Practical Studies for Violin Class. New York: New York City WPA Music Project, 1940.

Goines, Leonard. "'Walk Over!': Music in the Slave Narratives." Sing Out! 26, vi (1976), 6-11.

Gordon, Robert Winslow. Folk-Songs of America. Washington, DC: WPA Federal Theatre Project, National Service Bureau (Publication no. 73-S), 1938.

Grace, Kevin. "Folklore and the W.P.A. in Northeast Louisiana." Louisiana Folklore Miscellany. 5, ii (1982), 17-25.

Green, Archie. "A Resettlement Administration Song Sheet." JEMF Quarterly. 11, ii (1975, No. 38), 80-88.

Green, Melissa. "Tribal Shakespeare: The Federal TheatreProject's 'Voodoo Macbeth' (1936)." Upstart Crow. 24 (2004), 56-62.

Griesbach, Daniel. "Resilience as Resistance: Representing Hispanic New Mexico to the Federal Writers' Project in Lou Sage Batchen's Placitas Stories." MELUS: The Journal of the Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States. 32, I (2007), 97-117.

Halpert, Herbert. "Federal Theatre and Folksong." Southern Folklore Quarterly. 2, ii (1938), 81-87.

Hand, Wayland D. "Oregon Work Projects Administration Folklore Files." California Folklore Quarterly. 4, iv (1945), 424-432.

Hand, Wayland D. "W.P.A. Folklore Collection." California Folklore Quarterly. 2, iii (1944), 240-44. Beginning of series.

Hardin, James. "Living Lore: Celebrating the Legacy of Benjamin A. Botkin," Folklife Center News, Winter Vol. 24, i (2002), 12-16.

Hardin, James. "Remembering Slavery: Ex-Slave Narratives from the WPA Federal Writers' Project." Folklife Center News. Vol. 21, i (1999), 7-8.

Harevan, Tamara K. "The Search for Generational Memory: Tribal Rites in Industrial Society." Daedalus. 107, iv (1978), 137-150.

Hatley, Donald W. "A Preliminary Guide to Folklore in the Louisiana Federal Writers' Project." Louisiana Folklore Miscellany, 6, ii (1986-1987), 8-14.

Hauptman, Laurence. The Iroquois and the New Deal. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1981.

Hauptman, Laurence. "Talking Back: The Oneida Language and Folklore Project, 1938-1941." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society. 125, vi (1981), 441-448.

Hendricks, W. C., ed. Bundle of Troubles, and Other Tarheel TalesBy Workers of the Writers' Program of the Work Projects Administration in the State of North Carolina. Durham: Duke University Press, 1943.

Hickerson, Joseph C. "Folklore and Related WPA Activities in the Archive of Folk Song." LCPA Newsletter (Library of Congress Professional Association). 3, vi (1972), 16.

Hirsch, Jerrold. "Cultural Pluralism and Applied Folklore: The New Deal Precedent." In: Feintuch, Burt (ed.). The Conservation of Culture: Folklorists and the Public Sector. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1988. 46-67.

Hirsch, Jerrold. "Folklore in the Making: B. A. Botkin." The Journal of American Folklore. 100:395 (1987), 3-38.

Hirsch, Jerrold. "Modernity, Nostalgia, and Southern Folklore Studies: The Case of John Lomax." The Journal of American Folklore. 105:416 (1992), 183-207.

Hirsch, Jerrold. Portrait of America: A Cultural History of the Federal Writers' Project. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.

Hoog, Ann. "Slave Narratives at the Library of Congress." Folklife Center News. Vol. 21, I (1999), 9-10.

Hoog, Ann and Todd Harvey. "'Real People Talking': Conversations with Fletcher Collins." Folklife Center News. 24, iii (2002), 9-11.

Howard, Rachel I., "Music More Naturally Rendered: The John and Ruby Lomax 1993 Southern States Recording Trip." Folklife Center News. 21, iv (1999), 3-9.

Hudson, Arthur Palmer and George Herzog. Folk Tunes from Mississippi. New York: WPA Federal Theatre Project, National Service Bureau (Publication no. 25), 1937. Reprint edition, New York: Da Capo Press, 1977.

Irelan, Scott R. "Plays, Production, and Politics: The Lincoln Legend of Dramatic Literature and Performance as Staged during FDR's Second Presidential Term by the Federal Theatre Project and the Playwrights' Producing Company." Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences. 67, viii (2007), 2819-20. Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, 2006.

Iserhagen, Hartwig. "Identity and Exchange: The Representation of 'the Indian' in the Federal Writers' Project and in Contemporary Native American Literature." In: Bataille, Gretchen M., ed. Native American Representations: First Encounters, Distorted Images, and Literary Appropriations. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press; 2001, 168-95.

Jabbour, Alan. "The Federal Writers Project and the Archive of American Folk-Song." Folklife Center News. 21, i (1999), 11.

Johnson, Gerri. "Maryland Roots: An Examination of the Free State's WPA Ex-Slave Narratives." Free State Folklore. 4: i (1977), 18-34.

Jourdan, Katherine M. "Diving into History: Pools of the Northern Panhandle." Goldenseal. 28, ii (2002), 24-29.

Kadlec, David. "Zora Neale Hurston and the Federal Folk." Modernism/Modernity. 7, iii (2000), 471-85.

Kennedy, Stetson. "A Florida Treasure Hunt." Folklife Center News. 22, iv (2000), 3-8.

Kennedy, Stetson. Palmetto Country. New York: Duell, Sloan & Pearce, 1942.

Kerst, Catherine Hiebert. "California Gold: New Online WPA Collection of Traditional Music from the Library of Congress." Folklife Center News. 21, iii-iv (1997), 12.

Kerst, Catherine Hiebert. "Outsinging the Gas Tank: Sidney Robertson Cowell and the California Folk Music Project." Folklife Center News. 20, i (1998), 6-12.

Kerst, Catherine Hiebert. "Sidney Robertson and the WPA California Folk Music Project."  Sonneck Society Bulletin. 20, iii (1994), 5-9. 

Killion, Ronald G. and Charles T. Waller. Slavery Time: When I was Chillun Down on Marster's Plantation. Savannah, GA: Beehive Press, 1973.

Killion, Ronald G. and Charles T. Waller. A Treasury of Georgia Folklore. Atlanta: Cherokee Publishing Co., 1972.

Lee, Mary K. "The Federal Writers' Project and Overlapping Definitions of 'The Folk'." Folklore Historian: Journal of the Folklore and History Section of the American Folklore Society, 18 (2001), 29-36.

Lee, Russell, Carl Fleischhauer, Beverly W. Brannan, and Claudine Weatherford, eds. and introd. "Minnesota Logging Camp, September 1937: A Photographic Series." Folklife Annual. 1986, 108-31.

Lengyel, Cornel. A San Francisco Songster. San Francisco: WPA Northern California, History of Music Project (History of Music in San Francisco Series, volume 2), 1939. Reprint edition, New York: AMS Press, 1972.

Lester, Julius. To Be a Slave. New York: Dial Press, 1968.

Levine, Lawrence W. Black Culture and Black Consciousness: Afro-American Folk Thought from Slavery to Freedom. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977.

Levy, Valerie. "'That Florida Flavor': Nature and Culture in Zora Neale Hurston's Work for the Federal Writers' Project. In: Edwards, Thomas S. and Elizabeth A. De Wolfe, eds. Such News of the Land: U. S. Women Nature Writers. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 2001. 85-94.

Lovell, Linda Jeanne. "African-American Narratives from Arkansas: A Study from the 1936-1938 Federal Writers' Project 'A Folk History of Slavery in the United States'." Dissertation Abstracts International. 52, ix (1992), 3283A-84A. University of Arkansas.

Maher, Neil M. Nature's New Deal: Franklin Roosevelt's Civilian Conservation Corps and the Roots of the American Environmental Movement. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Mangione, Jerre. The Dream and the Deal: The Federal Writers' Project, 1935-1943. Boston: Little, Brown, 1972.

Mathews, Jane DeHart. The Federal Theatre, 1935-1939: Plays, Relief, and Politics. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1967.

McDannell, Colleen. Picturing Faith: Photography and the Great Depression. Yale University Press, 2004.

McDonald, William F. Federal Relief Administration and the Arts. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1969.

McLerran, Jennifer. "Inventing 'Indian Art': New Deal Indian Policy and the Native Artist as 'Natural' Resource." Dissertation Abstracts International. Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences. 60, vii (2000): 2264. University of Washington, 1999.

Mendiola, Kelly Willis. "Reading Ex-Slave Narratives: The Federal Writers' Project in Travis County, Texas." JASAT (Journal of the American Studies Association of Texas). 28 (1997), 38-54.

Miller, James S. "White-Collar Excavations: Fortune Magazine and the Invention of the Industrial Folk." American Periodicals: A Journal of History, Criticism, and Bibliography. 13 (2003), 84-104.

Mitchell, Alison C. "Researching Appalachia and the WPA at the Library of Congress." Folklife Center News. 23, ii (2001), 17-19.

Miyamoto, Yoichiro. "Yokunapatofa no Indian: Jinshushi Kara Rokaru Hisutori e." Eigo Seinen/Rising Generation, 143, viii (1997). 459-61.

Morgan, Mindy J. "Constructions and Contestations of the Authoritative Voice: Native American Communities and the Federal Writers' Project, 1935-41." American Indian Quarterly. 29, i & ii (2005).

Morgan, Mindy J. "'This Piece of Authentic Work that Many a Novice has Failed to Get': Critiquing Anthropological Knowledge in the Montana Writers' Project." Histories of Anthropology. 4 (forthcoming 2008).

Musher, Sharon Ann. "Contesting 'The Way the Almighty Wants It': Crafting Memories of Ex-Slaves in the Slave Narrative Collection." American Quarterly. 53, i (2001), 1-31.

Naning, Zerne P. and Robert E. Carlsen. Nebraska Folklore (Book Three). Lincoln: Woodruff Printing Co., 1941.

Natason, Nicholas. The Black Image in the New Deal: The Politics of FSA Photography. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1992.

Nate, Richard. Amerikanische Träume: Die Kultur der Vereinigten Staaten in der Zeit des New Deal. Würzburg, Germany: Königshausen & Neumann, 2003.

Nebraska Folklore. Lincoln: Woodruff Printing Co., 1939.

Nebraska Folklore Pamphlets, numbers 1-30. Lincoln: Federal Writers' Project, May 1937-December 1940.

Newton, Christopher. "'In Order to Obtain the Desired Effect': Italian Language Theater Sponsored by the Federal TheatreProject in Boston, 1935-39." Italian Americana. 12, ii (1994), 187-200.

Newton, Christopher. "Ethnicity and the New Deal: Italian Language Theatre Sponsored by the Federal Theatre Project in Boston, 1935-1939." Dissertation Abstracts International, 55, v (1994) 1144A. Tufts University, 1994.

O'Connor, John. "The Federal Theatre Project's Search for an Audience." In: McConachie, Bruce A. and Daniel Friedman, eds. Theatre for Working-Class Audiences in the United States, 1830-1980. Westport, CT: Greenwood; 1985. 171-183

Penkower, Monty Noam. The Federal Writers' Project: A Study in Government Patronage of the Arts. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1977.

Perdue, Charles L., Jr., ed. Pigsfoot Jelly & Persimmon Beer: Foodways from the Virginia Writers' Project. Santa Fe, N.M.: Ancient City Press, 1992.

Perdue, Charles L., Jr., ed. "Old Jack and the New Deal: The Virginia Writers' Project and Jack Tale Collecting in Wise County, Virginia." Appalachian Journal: A Regional Studies Review. 14, ii (1987), 108-152.

Perdue, Charles L., Jr. and Nancy Martin-Perdue, eds. Talk about Trouble: A New Deal Portrait of Virginians in the Great Depression. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.

Perdue, Charles L., Jr., Thomas Barden and Robert K. Phillips, compilers and eds. An Annotated Listing of Folklore Collected by Workers of the Virginia Writers' Project, Work Projects Administration: Held in the Manuscripts Department at Alderman Library of the University of Virginia. Norwood, Pa: Norwood Editions, 1979.

Perdue, Charles L., Jr., Thomas E. Barden and Robert K. Phillips, eds. Weevils in the Wheat: Interviews with Virginia Ex-Slaves. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1976.

Perrin, Liese M. "Resisting Reproduction: Reconsidering Slave Contraception in the Old South." Journal of American Studies. 35, ii (2001), 255-74.

Peterson, Elaine. "The Works Progress Administration Collection at Montana State University." Humanities Collections. 1, ii (1999), 5-14.

Peterson, Sally. "'Tin Plate Town': Coping with 'New' Concepts on the Writers' Project in Pennsylvania." New York Folklore Quarterly. 9, i-ii (1983), 55-65.

Plum, Jay. "Rose McClendon and the Black Units of the Federal Theatre Project: A Lost Contribution." Theatre Survey: The Journal of the American Society for Theatre Research. 33, ii (1992), 144-53.

Porterfield, Nolan. Last Cavalier: The Life and Times of John A. Lomax, 1867-1948. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1996.

Rapport, Leonard. "How Valid Are the FederalWriters' Project Life Stories: An Iconoclast among the Believers." Oral History Review. 7 (1979), 6-17.

Rawick, George, ed. The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Co., 1972. (Contributions in Afro-American and African Studies, no. 11.) 19 volumes. Volumes 2-17 constitute the WPA FWP edited ex-slave narratives. Supplements begin appearing in 1978.

Rebolledo, Tey Diana and María Teresa Márquez, eds. Women's Tales from the New Mexico WPA: la diabla a pie. Houston, Texas: Arte Público Press, c2000.

Redd, Tina. "Birmingham's Federal Theater Project Negro Unit: The Administration of Race." In: Elam, Harry J., Jr. and David Krasner, eds. African American Performance and Theater History: A Critical Reader. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2001. 271-87.

Redd, Tina. "Stevedore in Seattle: A Case Study in the Politics of Presenting Race on Stage." Journal of American Drama and Theatre. 7, ii (1995), 66-87.

Remsberg, Richard. 'All I Got Is Gone': Roots Music Photos from the Farm Security Administration.Urbana: University of Illinois Press, forthcoming.

Retman, Sonnet Helene. "The 'Real' Collective in New Deal Documentary and Ethnography: The Federal Writers' Project, the Farm Security Administration, Zora Neale Hurston's Mules and Men and James Agee's and Walker Evans' Let Us Now Praise Famous Men." Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences, 58, ix (1998), 3528. University of California, Los Angeles, 1997.

Reuss, Richard A. "Folk Music and Social Conscience: The Musical Odyssey of Charles Seeger." Western Folklore. 38, iv, 221-38.

Rhyne, Nancy, compiler. Before and After Freedom: WPA Narratives of Lowcountry Folklore. Charleston, SC: History Press, 2005.

Richmond, W. Edson and Elva Van Winkle. "Is There a Doctor in the House?" Indiana History Bulletin. 35, ix (1958), 115-135.

Rosenberg, Bruce A. The Folksongs of Virginia: A Checklist of the WPA Holdings, Alderman Library, University of Virginia. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1969.

Rosenzwieg, Roy. Government and the Arts in 1930s America: A Guide to Oral Histories and Other Research Materials. Fairfax, VA: George Mason University Press, 1986.

Saxon, Lyle, Edward Dreyer, and Robert Tallant. Gumbo Ya-Ya: A Collection of Louisiana Folktales. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1945. Reprint edition, New York: Johnson Reprint Corp., 1970.

Schwartz, Bonnie Nelson, ed. Voices from the Federal Theatre. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 2003.

Senir, Siobhan, "Employing the Local: A Penobscot Modern in the Federal Writers' Project." The New England Quarterly: A Historical Review of New England Life and Letters. 75, iii (2002), 355-387.

Sloan, Raymond H. "The WPA Federal Writers' Project in Franklin County, Virginia, 1938-1939." Folklore & Folklife in Virginia. 2 (1980-81) 4-13.

Soapes, Thomas F. "The Federal Writers' Project Slave Interviews: Useful Data or Misleading Source." Oral History Review. (1977), 33-38.

Stewart, Catherine Aileen. "Native Subjects: 'Race' and the Rise of Ethnographic Authority in the Federal Writers'Project." Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences. 60, iv (1999), 1298. State University of New York, Stony Brook, 1999.

Taft, Michael. "Herbert Halpert: Folklorist-Fieldworker (August 23, 1911, to December 29, 2000)." Folklife Center News. 23, ii (2001), 20-21.

Taft, Michael. "Herbert Halpert Collection Acquired by AFC." Folklife Center News. 26, iii (2004), 8.

Taylor, David A. Soul of a People: The WPA Writers' Project Uncovers Depression America. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009.

Taylor, Zanthe. "Singing for Their Supper: The Negro Units of the Federal Theater Project and Their Plays." Theater. 27, ii-iii (1997), 43-59.

Terrill, Tom E. and Jerrold Hirsch. Such as Us: Southern Voices of the Thirties. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1978.

Tidwell, John Edgar. Oh, Didn't He Ramble: A Life of Sterling A. Brown. Urban: University of Illinois Press, forthcoming.

Tidwell, John Edgar. "Fierce Listening: Benjamin A. Botkin, Sterling A. Brown, and 'Folk-Say.; In Folklore With a Twist: The Legacy of Benjamin A. Botkin. University of Oklahoma Press, forthcoming.

Tidwell, John Edgar. "Recasting Negro Life History: Sterling A. Brown and the Federal Writers' Project." The Langston Hughes Review 12, ii (1995), 77-82.

Tidwell, John Edgar with Mark A. Sanders, eds. Sterling A. Brown's A Negro Looks at the South. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Topping, Brett. "The Sidney Robertson Collection." Folklife Center News. (July 1980), 4-6.

Tweton, D. Jerome. The New Deal at the Grass Roots: Programs for the People in Otter Tail County, Minnesota. Saint Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1988.

Tyler, Ronnie C. and Lawrence R. Murphy. The Slave Narratives of Texas. Austin: The Encino Press, 1974.

Vactor, Vanita Marian. "A History of the Chicago Federal Theatre Project Negro Unit: 1935-1939." Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences. 60, i (1999), 26-27. New York University, 1999.

Walker, William. The Southern Harmony Songbook. Reproduced, with an Introduction by the Federal Writers' Project of Kentucky. New York: Hastings House, 1939.

Warren-Findley, Jannelle. "Journal of a Field Representative: Charles Seeger and Margaret Valiant." Ethnomusicology. 24, ii (1980), 169-210.

Warren-Findley, Jannelle. "Musicians and Mountaineers: The Resettlement Administration's Music Program in Appalachia, 1935-37." Appalachian Journal. 7, i-ii (1979-80), 105-123.

Warren-Findley, Jannelle. "Passports to Change: The Resettlement Administration's Folk Song Sheet Program, 1936-1937." Prospects: An Annual of American Cultural Studies. 10 (1985), 197-241.

Webb, Clive. "'Ain't Worth a Damn for Nothin': The NewDeal and Child Labor in Southern Textiles." In: Godden, Richard and Martin Crawford, eds. Reading Southern Poverty Between the Wars, 1918-1939. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press; 2006. 108-24.

Weigle, Marta. "Finding the 'True America': Ethnic Tourism in New Mexico during the New Deal." Folklife Annual. 1988-89, 58-73.

Welsch, Roger L. A Treasury of Nebraska Pioneer Folklore. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1966.

Welsch, Roger L. Mister, You Got Yourself a Horse. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1982.

Welty, Eudora. "Traditional Mississippi Recipes." Mississippi Folklife. 29, ii (1997), 5-9.

Wideman, John Edgar. "Charles Chesnutt and the WPA Narratives: The Oral and Literate Roots of Afro-American Literature." In: Davis, Charles T. and Henry Louis, Gates, Jr., eds. The Slave's Narrative. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985. 59-78.

Wiggins, William H., Jr. "Pilgrims, Crosses, and Faith: The Folk Dimensions of Heaven Bound." Black American Literature Forum. 25, i (1991), 93-100.

Winans, Robert B. "'Sadday Night and Sunday Too': The Uses of Slave Songs in the WPA Ex-Slave Narratives for Historical Study." New Jersey Folklore. 7 (1982), 10-15.

Workers of the Work Projects Administration of New Mexico. Spanish-American Singing Games of New Mexico. N.p.: WPA Music Project, Unit No. 3, 1940.

Workers of the Writers' Program of the Work Projects Administration in the State of South Carolina. South Carolina Folk Tales: Stories of Animals and Supernatural Beings. Columbia: South Carolina University Press, 1941.

Workers of the Writers' Program, Music Program, and Art Program of the Work Projects Administration in the state of New Mexico. The Spanish American Song and Game Book. New York: A. S. Barnes and Co., 1942. Reprint edition, New York: AMS Press, 1976. Republished as Canciones y Juegos de Nuevo Mexico: Songs and Games of New Mexico, South Brunswick, NJ: A. S. Barnes; London: Thomas Yosloff, 1974.

Works Progress Administration for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, "Americans All" Folk Festival. Harrisburg, 1939.

"W.P.A. Folklore Collection." California Folklore Quarterly. 3, iii (1944), 240-241.

Writers' Program, Georgia. Drums and Shadows: Survival Studies among the Georgia Coastal Negroes. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1940. Reprint editions, Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1972; Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1973.

Writers' Program, Illinois. Folk Tunes: Including Square and Round Dances and Specialties. Chicago: Chicago Park District, 1942.

Writers' Program, New Hampshire. Festal Days: Songs and Games of the Franco-Americans of New Hampshire. Manchester: Granite State Press, 194-?

Writers' Program, South Carolina. South Carolina Folk Tales: Stories of Animals and Supernatural Beings. Columbia: Bulletin of the University of South Carolina, 1941. Reprint editions: Norwood, PA: Norwood Editions, 1974; New York: AMS Press, 1975.

Writers' Program, Virginia. The Negro in Virginia. New York: Hastings House, 1940. Reprint edition, New York: Arno Press, 1969.

Writers' Project, Virginia. Folk Songs to Sing. Richmond: Virginia State Board of Education, 1942.

Yetman, Norman R. "The Backgrounds of the Slave Narrative Collection." American Quarterly. 19, iii (1967), 534-553.

Yetman, Norman R. "Ex-Slave Interviews and the Historiography of Slavery." American Quarterly. 36, ii (1984), 181-210.

Yetman, Norman R. Voices from Slavery. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1970. Also issued as Life Under the "Peculiar Institution": Selections from the Slave Narrative Collection.

Young, Melvina Johnson. "Exploring the WPA Narratives: Finding the Voices of Black Women and Men." In: James, Stanlie M. and Abena Busia, eds. Theorizing Black Feminisms: The Visionary Pragmatism of Black. London, England: Routledge; 1993. 55-74

Internet Resources

American Life Histories
Part of the Library of Congress's online American Memory collections, this presentation includes several thousand "life histories" that were collected and transcribed by the staff of the Folklore Project of the Federal Writers' Project for the U.S. Works Progress (later Work Projects) Administration (WPA) from 1936-1940.

Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project: 1936-1938
Part of the Library of Congress's online American Memory collections, this presentation contains more than 2,300 first-person accounts of slavery and 500 black-and-white photographs of former slaves. These narratives were collected in the 1930s as part of the Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) and assembled and microfilmed in 1941 as the seventeen-volume Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States from Interviews with Former Slaves.

California Gold: Northern California Folk Music From the Thirties
Part of the Library of Congress's online American Memory collections, this presentation comprises 35 hours of folk music recorded in twelve languages, representing numerous ethnic groups and 185 musicians, by folk music collector, Sidney Robertson Cowell.

Florida Folklife from the WPA Collections 1937-1942
Library of Congress. Recorded by Robert Cook, Herbert Halpert, Zora Neale Hurston, Stetson Kennedy, Alton Morris, and others in conjunction with the Florida Federal Writers' Project, the Florida Music Project, and the Joint Committee on Folk Arts of the Work Projects Administration, this American Memory presentation features folksongs and folktales in many languages, including blues and work songs from menhaden fishing boats, railroad gangs, and turpentine camps; children's songs, dance music, and religious music of many cultures; and interviews, also known as "life histories."

Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Collection: Photographs from the FSA-OWI, 1935-1945

Library of Congress. The images in the Farm Security Administration-Office of War Information Collection are among the most famous documentary photographs ever produced. Created by a group of U.S. government photographers, the images show Americans in every part of the nation. In the early years, the project emphasized rural life and the negative impact of the Great Depression, farm mechanization, and the Dust Bowl. In later years, the photographers turned their attention to the mobilization effort for World War II. The core of the collection consists of about 164,000 black-and-white photographs.

Library of Congress. Prints and Photographs On Line Catalog
Includes Farm Security Administration photographs and other important New Deal image collections.

Maine Folklife Center. The CCC In Acadia National Park External Link
Research and oral histories interviews with Civil Conservation Corps alumni who worked in Acadia National Park during the Depression.

A New Deal for the Arts
An online presentation of The National Archives and Records Administration adapted from an exhibit that was on display from March 28, 1997 through January 11, 1998, in the Rotunda of the National Archives Building in Washington, D.C.

New Deal Network External link (Franklin and Elanor Roosevelt Institute)

"Soul of a People," webcast related to the book of the same title. David A. Taylor and various speakers. Center for the Book, Books and Beyond Series.

Voices from the Dust Bowl: the Charles L. Todd and Robert Sonkin Migrant Worker Collection, 1940-1941
The American Memory/American Folklife Center presentation documents the everyday life of residents of Farm Security Administration (FSA) migrant work camps in central California in 1940 and 1941. This collection consists of audio recordings, photographs, manuscript materials, publications, and ephemera generated during two separate documentation trips supported by the Archive of American Folk Song (now the Archive of Folk Culture, American Folklife Center).

 

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