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National Sampler:
Rhode Island Audio and Video Samples and Notes

Some of these audio recordings require free media software available from RealPlayer.External link

Track 1. Sam Hinton sings “The Bombardment of Bristol,” 1947. [AFC 1948/050 – AFS 8931] select to play

"The Bombardment of Bristol,” is a historical ballad commemorating the British Navy’s bombardment of the port of Bristol, Rhode Island during the American Revolution. The town was actually bombarded twice: once on October 7, 1775 and again on May 25, 1778. Today, Bristol claims the one of the oldest Independence Day celebrations in the United States. This recording was made by folklorists Duncan Emrich and Rae Korson, at the Library of Congress, on March, 25, 1947. The ballad is performed by Sam Hinton, a well-known scholar and folksinger. The Folklife Center's Archive includes thousands of narrative ballads celebrating local events and personalities. Used by permission of Professor Leanne Hinton. Rights and permissions.

Track 2. Interview with John R. Champlin, 1934. American Dialect Society Collection. [AFC 1984/011 // AFS 24,735 ] select to play

Some of the American Folklife Center's oldest Rhode Island recordings were made between 1931 and 1937 by the American Dialect Society as part of a nationwide project to document “regional variations of American speech.” AFC is the repository of 891 American Dialect Society discs, which formed the basis of classic scholarly publications such as the Linguistic Atlas of New England; and the Dictionary of American Regional English. As part of that important study, Miles L. Hanley, a Dialect Society fieldworker, interviewed and recorded John R. Champlin from Point Judith, R.I. on January 12, 1934.

The linguists were primarily interested in accent, syntax, and other linguistic issues, but to get their subjects to relax and speak freely in front of the recording machine, they often asked about local history and traditions. In this excerpt, Champlin, in his distinctive regional accent, discusses fishing, his service in the Coast Guard, and rescuing survivors from the Lewiston, a 900-ton steamer which ran aground in Point Judith on September 6, 1898. Used by permission of Mr. John Champlin. Rghts and permissions.

Track 3. William Webster, “Change the Green Laurels . . .” 1952. Helen Hartness Flanders Collection. [AFS 19,272] select to play

Track 4. William Webster, "Daisy Dean," 1952. Helen Hartness Flanders Collection. [AFS 19,272] select to play

Folksong and ballad scholar Helen Hartness Flanders (1890-1972) was particularly interested in New England or “Yankee” traditions. Flanders began collecting songs in 1929 in preparation for her classic 1931 book Vermont Folksongs and Ballads. With the help of her assistant, Marguerite Olney, she continued recording and lecturing throughout New England until 1966. 

Flanders’s entire collection is housed in the Ethnomusicology Archive at Vermont’s Middlebury College, but copies of her materials can also be accessed at the American Folklife Center. These two examples, recorded on November 13, 1952, are typical of her field recordings documenting traditional New England folk songs and ballads. They feature William Webster of Wakefield, Rhode Island, singing “Change the Green Laurels to the Red, White, and Blue” and “Daisy B” or “Daisy Dean.” Webster also gives Flanders a bit of information about when and where he learned these songs. Used by permission of Mark P. Tucker. Rights and permissions.

Track 5. Interview with boat builder Alfred Potter, Rhode Island Folklife Project Collection, 1979. [AFC 1991/022:AFS 22,313] select to play

With over 400 miles of shoreline centered around Narragansett Bay, no part of Rhode Island is more than an hour from the ocean. Boat building and water-related trades have always played an important part of “The Ocean State’s” culture. In 1979, the American Folklife Center, in cooperation with the Rhode Island Heritage Commission, the Rhode Island Council on the Arts, and the Rhode Island Historical Society, conducted the Rhode Island Folklife Project, an extensive research project to document and preserve Rhode Island’s cultural traditions.

As part of the project, folklorist Tom Burns interviewed boat builder Alfred Potter from North Kingstown, Rhode Island. Potter started building boats in 1938. His specialty was constructing open wooden boats used by Rhode Island quahogers, who hand-rake the locally popular quahog clam from the shallow sandy bottom of the state’s shore waters. In this 1979 excerpt, Potter explains how he goes about constructing the stern of a wooden boat.  Select this link to view a photograph related to this selection . Rights and permissions.

Track 6. Interview with apple grower Frieda Steere, Rhode Island Folklife Project Collection, 1979. [AFC 1991/022:AFS 22,387] select to play

Track 7. Interview with apple grower Frieda Steere, continued. Rhode Island Folklife Project Collection, 1979. [AFC 1991/022:AFS 22,387] select to play

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Mrs. Frieda Steere
Orchard owner Mrs. Frieda Steere. Photo by Henry Horenstein. Rhode Island Folklife Project Collection (AFC 1991/002:HH110).
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Agriculture is another traditional mainstay of Rhode Island’s economy and culture. As part of the 1979 Rhode Island Folklife Project, American Folklife Center fieldworker Gerri Johnson interviewed apple grower Frieda Steere about her childhood on a Rhode Island farm in the 1920s and 1930s, and her marriage to a man from Greenville whose family owned Steere Orchards, the state’s oldest and largest apple orchard.

In track six, she talks about her own life and recounts a history of Rhode Island orchards and the families that owned them. Information about important historical events often comes up unexpectedly during oral history interviews. In track seven, Mrs. Steere vividly recalls surviving the infamous 1938 Hurricane. Select this link to view a photograph related to this selection. Used by permission of H. James Steere. Rights and permissions.


Track 8. Gaspee Days fife and drum bands, Local Legacies Project Collection, 1993. [AFC 2000/001] select to play

The American Folklife Center’s Local Legacies Project (1999-2000) was undertaken to celebrate the Library of Congress’s bicentennial and record a “snapshot” of local traditions and celebrations throughout America at the turn of the millennium. In 2000, the Librarian of Congress encouraged each member of the U.S. Congress to have people in their states and districts document activities, sites and events that reflect their community’s cultural heritage. The resulting photographs, recordings, and community cultural information are deposited in the American Folklife Center's archive.

This sample is an excerpt of a celebration of “Gaspee Days” in Warwick Rhode Island’s Pawtuxet Village. Documented in 1993 by a local television station, this community-based festival began in 1963 to commemorate the running aground and subsequent burning of the HMS Gaspee, a British revenue schooner on June 9, 1772, during an era of hostilities that ultimately led to the American Revolution. The excerpt features fife-and-drum bands, a deeply-rooted community tradition in Rhode Island and coastal New England. Used by permission of Cox Communications. Rights and permissions.

Visit the Local Legacies Project for more examples from this collection.

Track 9. Interview with Eric and Ella Thomas Sekatau, Rhode Island Folklife Project Collection, 1979. [AFC 1991/022:AFS 22,329] select to play

When European settlers arrived in the early seventeenth century, Rhode Island was home to members of the Narragansett, Niantic, and Wampanoag nations. Descendants of these people still make their homes in Rhode Island.

As part of the 1979 Rhode Island Folklife Project, American Folklife Center fieldworker Tom Burns interviewed husband and wife Eric and Ella Thomas Sekatau, members of the Narragansett Indian Tribe of Charlestown, Rhode Island. In this excerpt recorded in the tribal longhouse, they describe the “August Meeting,” an annual picnic with ancient roots, which serves as both a social gathering and an opportunity to discuss more serious tribal issues. The couple also talk about their church and its importance in the retention of the Narragansett language, and Native American foodways. This is an excellent example of how important cultural information is often remembered and orally transmitted by members of a community through stories and memories. Used by permission of Dr. Ella Thomas Sekatau. Rights and permissions.

Track 10. Interview with Romeo Berthiaume on French Canadian soirées. Rhode Island Folklife Project Collection, 1979. [AFC 1991/022:AFS 22,358] select to play

Track 11. Romeo Berthiaume sings "La Soupe aux Pois." Rhode Island Folklife Project Collection, 1979. [AFC 1991/022:AFS 22,358] select to play

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Romeo Berthiaume
Romeo Berthiaume being interviewed for the Rhode Island Folklife Project, August 30, 1979, Woonsocket, Rhode Island. Photo by Henry Horenstein (AFC 1991/002: HH36).
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In 1790, Pawtucket, Rhode Island, was the site of America’s first textile mill and by the nineteenth century, the state was among the most industrialized in the United States. Mill work attracted a large number of immigrants. Many of these new residents were French Canadians from nearby Québec, who brought with them their songs, foods, and traditions. During the 1979 Rhode Island Folklife Project, fieldworker Gerri Johnson interviewed Woonsocket resident Romeo Berthiaume, who was well known for his dedication to the preservation of French Canadian music and culture. Johnson visited Berthiaume at his family home numerous times to record his vast musical repertoire and document his stories of and recollections about French Canadian life in Rhode Island. In this excerpt, he discusses traditional “soirées” — parties during which participants would take turns performing. He also sings "La Soupe aux Pois," a well-known song by Albert Larrieu (1872-1925) about pea soup, a popular, traditional Québécois food. As is the case with this example, many of Larrieu's songs have entered the oral tradition. Mr. Berthiaume passed away in 1980, the year after these recordings were made. Select this link to view photographs related to this selection. Used by permission of Romeo G. Berthiaume. Rights and permissions.

Track 12. Anthony Matthews sings “Come Ye Disconsolate.” Rhode Island Folklife Project Collection, 1979. [AFC 1991/022:AFS 22,229] select to play

Rhode Island has had a vibrant African American Community since the seventeenth century. This sample was recorded during Communion Sunday Service at the Community Baptist Church in Newport on September 2, 1979. During the Communion Sunday Service, American Folklife Center fieldworker Michael Bell documented soloist Anthony (Tony) Matthews’s moving rendition of Thomas Moore’s early nineteenth-century hymn “Come Ye Disconsolate.” Several members of the congregation responded in traditional African American style to the singer’s message and artistry. Select this link to view a photograph related to this collection. Rights and permissions.

Track 13. Interview with George Peter Ducharme. Veterans History Project Collection, 2004. [AFC/2001/001/24906] select to play

In October 2000, the U.S. Congress passed a law directing the American Folklife Center to collect and preserve oral histories of American wartime veterans. With this mandate, the American Folklife Center’s Veterans History Project (VHP) enlisted the efforts of volunteers throughout the nation to interview veterans according to The Folklife Center's guidelines, and to submit their recorded interviews to the Library for preservation. To date, VHP volunteers have conducted over 60,000 interviews. This sample comes from an interview with Korean War veteran George Peter Ducharme of Harrisville, Rhode Island, who served from 1952 to 1954 in the U.S. Army, 24th Infantry Division, in the Yangu Valley, Korea. The interviewer is Tabitha L. Marsden, who was a student at Burrillville High School in 2004 when this interview was recorded. Select this link to hear the entire interview. Used by permission of George Ducharme. Rights and permissions.

Track 14. Len Cabral tells the story of “Coyote and the Stars.” International Storytelling Collection, 1992. [AFC 2001/008: International Storytelling 88 FEST11] select to play

In 2001, the American Folklife Center acquired the International Storytelling Collection (AFC 2001/008), the world’s largest collection of recorded performances, manuscripts, sound recordings, graphic materials, moving images, electronic media, and artifacts that relate to storytelling. The collection includes the performances of traditional storytellers at the annual National Storytelling Festival presented annually in Jonesboro, Tennessee, from 1974 to the present. 

Among the artists documented is the well-known Rhode Island storyteller Len Cabral.  His repertoire reflects his Cape Verdean and African heritage. In this excerpt, recorded in 1992, he opens with a Cape Verdean greeting song and then tells a American Indian story about “Coyote and the Stars.” Used by permission of Mr. Len Cabral. Rights and permissions.

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David Ayriyan
David Ayriyan.
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Track 15. David and Levon Ayriyan Homegrown Concert, 2006. [AFC 2006/027] select to play [RealMedia]

As part of its continuing commitment to documenting American culture, the American Folklife Center regularly presents the Homegrown Concert Series; free public concerts, in collaboration with state and regional folklorists, highlighting traditional music and dance traditions. These performances are carefully recorded and added to the Folklfe Center's archive and website. On April 12, 2006, the Homegrown concert featured Armenian virtuoso musicians David and Levon Ayriyan from Johnston, Rhode Island. This excerpt is taken from that concert in the Library’s Coolidge Auditorium. Select this link for the flyer essay and the webcast of the entire Homegrown concert. Used by permission of David and Levon Ayriyan. Rights and permissions.


Track 16. Interview with Makna Men on coming from Cambodia. StoryCorps Collection, 2007. [MBX002769] select to play

Track 17. Muriel Mackie: Childhood; Pearl Harbor; Air Raid Warden. StoryCorps Collection, 2007. [MCX002775]select to play

In June 2007, StoryCorps’s MobileBooth East visited Providence, Rhode Island. We have selected excerpts from two interviews that reflect the diversity of stories being documented by StoryCorps and that are enriching the American Folklife Center’s narrative holdings. On track 16 Cambodian immigrant, Makna Men, is interviewed by his friend, Lindsay French, reflecting on his arrival in the United States; the challenges he and his brothers faced in assimilating; and the remarkable determination and courage of their mother, which led to their success in a new land.

On track 17, Muriel Mackie is interviewed by her son, Daniel, about her experiences growing up in Rhode Island, the attack on Pearl Harbor, and her service as an air raid warden during World War II.

These oral history interviews were recorded as part of the StoryCorps Mobile Tour. Such interviews are provided courtesy of StoryCorps (www.storycorps.net), a nationwide initiative of Sound Portraits Productions to record and collect oral history interviews. Excerpts were selected and produced by the American Folklife Center. Rights and permissions.

Track 18. Irish music performed by the Greencastle Band. Rhode Island Folklife Project Collection, 1979. [AFC 1991/022:AFS 22,251] select to play

The Irish are one of Rhode Island’s largest immigrant groups and their descendants continue to maintain many of the traditions their ancestors brought with them to Rhode Island. One of these cultural traditions is the céilidh, an informal social gathering at which traditional music and dance are performed by and for members of the community at a public hall or restaurant. The Irish Ceilidhe Club of Rhode Island in Cranston was founded in 1956 by the local Irish community to encourage Irish-Americans to celebrate and share their cultural heritage. On November 30, 1979, as part of the American Folklife Center’s Rhode Island Folklife Project, folklorist Michael Bell documented an evening of performances, which concluded with an appearance by the local Greencastle Band. Used by permission of Mr. Ed McGuirl. Rights and permissions.

 

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