Audio Recordings Shady Grove
Articles and Essays with this item:
Jabbour, Karen Singer
- Shady Grove
- Contributor Names
- Jabbour, Alan (Transcriber)
- Jabbour, Alan (Collector)
- Jabbour, Karen Singer (Collector)
- Reed, Henry, 1884-1968 (Performer)
- Created / Published
- Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia, June 18, 1966
- Subject Headings
- - Instrumental music
- - Fiddle tunes
- - Folk music--Appalachian Region
- - Breakdowns
- - Reels
- - Ethnography
- - Music
- - Field recordings
- - United States -- Virginia -- Giles County -- Glen Lyn
- Field recordings
- - Meter: 4/4
- - Strains: 2 (high-low, 4-4)
- - Rendition: 1r-2r-1r-2
- - Key: A
- - Phrase Structure: ABCD QRC'D (abac a'def d'd"qr a'def )
- - Compass: 9
- - Stylistic features: Lively pace; Oscar Wright played it slower and more plaintively.
- - Related Tune(s): Boyne Water
- - Related Tune(s): Barbara Allen
- - Related Tune(s): The Foggy Dew
- - "Shady Grove" is usually known in the Upper South as a song with a floating assemblage of lyrics. But Henry Reed's "Shady Grove" is not just a instrumental version of a song; it is a classic instrumental tune. Its first strain is a variant of an old and widespread British and American air, showing up in such disparate places as the British "Boyne Water" march and some Appalachian variants of the ballad "Barbara Allen." "Boyne Water" refers to the Battle of the Boyne in 1690, and the tune appears in America as early as 1786, in "Henry Beck's Flute Book," a manuscript tunebook in the Library of Congress. For typical sets, see Johnson, Scots Musical Museum (1853 edition), vol. 2, 363 (#351) and vol. 4, 325; Joyce, Old Irish Folk Music and Songs (1909), #377; O'Neill's Music of Ireland, #260. A related set in Old Irish Folk Music and Songs, #58, "The Foggy Dew," may offer a clue to the "Shady Grove" connection, for a set fiddled by J. H. Chisholm of Greenwood, Virginia, is shaped more like Henry Reed's set and is entitled "The Foggy Dew." Henry Reed's second strain is also an old air and corresponds to the usual Appalachian song "Shady Grove," though his instrumental set does not begin the low strain on the tonic as the song normally does. A notable feature of Henry Reed's set is its beginning with the high strain (which is also true of Chisholm's "Foggy Dew"). The British "Boyne Water" march typically begins with a low strain and goes on to the high strain corresponding to Henry Reed's. But Henry Reed begins with the high strain, a stylistic choice that is particularly characteristic of the old Upper South frontier.
- - Performed by Henry Reed, fiddle.
- - Duration: 1 minute, 2 seconds
- - Spoken: HENRY REED: Do you know that?/ALAN JABBOUR: Yeah, I sure do. My grandmother from East Tennessee used to sing that to me./HENRY REED: "Shady Grove."/ALAN JABBOUR: "Shady Grove."/HENRY REED: [Laughs]
- - Recording chronology: 036
- Audio tape
- Call Number
- AFC 1967/007: AFS 13033B28
- Source Collection
- Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1
- American Folklife Center
- Digital Id
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Please cite the source collection title, collection number, and repository, for example:
Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1 (AFC 1967/007), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 2 (AFC 1969/008), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
Fiddle tunes of the old frontier: the Henry Reed collection online presentation (AFC 1999/016), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
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