Format Audio Recordings
Contributors Jabbour, Alan
Reed, Henry
Dates 1966
Location Giles County
Glen Lyn
United States
Virginia
Language English
Subjects Appalachian Region
Ethnography
Fiddle Tunes
Field Recordings
Folk Music
Instrumental Music
Marches
Music
Title
Santa Anna's Retreat
Contributor Names
Jabbour, Alan (Transcriber)
Jabbour, Alan (Collector)
Reed, Henry, 1884-1968 (Performer)
Created / Published
Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia, August 27, 1966
Subject Headings
-  Marches
-  Instrumental music
-  Fiddle tunes
-  Folk music--Appalachian Region
-  Ethnography
-  Music
-  Field recordings
-  United States -- Virginia -- Giles County -- Glen Lyn
Genre
Ethnography
Music
Field recordings
Notes
-  Meter: 4/4
-  Rendition: 1r-2r-1r-2r
-  Key: A
-  Compass: 11
-  Strains: 2 (high-low, 4-2)
-  Phrase Structure: ABAC QR (abcd abef qrst)
-  Stylistic features: Slurred bowing, somewhat slower pace.
-  Antonio López de Santa Anna (1794-1876) was both general of the army and president of Mexico when Texas declared its independence from Mexico. He led the expeditionary force in 1836 that fought at the Alamo, and he was subsequently defeated and captured by Sam Houston, interviewed by U.S. President Andrew Jackson, and returned to Mexico. During the Mexican War in 1846-7, he again led the Mexican forces and was defeated by the United States.Henry Reed said--presumably on the authority of his fiddling and fifing mentor Quince Dillion, who was a fifer in the Mexican War--that this march was used by Santa Anna's army to retreat from the American forces during the Mexican War. Since the tune is a venerable British air, it seems more likely that it was played by the American contingent, though there were in fact Irish (or Irish-American) participants in the Mexican army.See the "Manuscript Collection of Dance Tunes [ca. 1775-1800]" (Newberry Library, Chicago), p. 54 "Shay's March"; Riley's Flute Melodies (ca. 1814), p. 47 "Quick March"; O'Neill's Music of Ireland #1812 "Johnny Cope--Irish version"; Roche, Collection of Irish Airs (1909), vol. 3, 74 (#196, Part 4, Section 3) "Nights of Gladness Quadrille," vol. 3, 78 (#202) "Jonny Cope" (in a group of marches). An American hymn setting is Carden, Missouri Harmony (1825), p. 113, "Spring."
-  Performed by Henry Reed, fiddle.
-  Duration: 1 minute, 7 seconds
-  Title change: The title appeared in the fieldnotes as "Santy Anna's Retreat."
-  Recording chronology: 044
Medium
Audio tape
Call Number
AFC 1967/007: AFS 13035A33
Source Collection
Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1
Repository
American Folklife Center
Digital Id
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.afc/afcreed.13035a33


Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17, U.S.C.) or any other restrictions in the material in this collection, except as noted below. Users should keep in mind that the Library of Congress is providing access to these materials strictly for educational and research purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other holders of rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. See our Legal Notices and Privacy and Publicity Rights for additional information and restrictions.

The Center asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here. Researchers are also reminded that privacy and publicity rights may pertain to certain uses of this material.

Photographs in this collection produced by Carl Fleischhauer, Karen Singer Jabbour, and Kit Olson are reproduced here with their permission. Mr. Fleischhauer does not object to additional use of the photos he created provided he is credited as the photographer. Persons contemplating other kinds of uses or use of the other photographers' work should contact the American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress.

Credit line

Please cite the source collection title, collection number, and repository, for example:

Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1 (AFC 1967/007), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 2 (AFC 1969/008), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Fiddle tunes of the old frontier: the Henry Reed collection online presentation (AFC 1999/016), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Rights assessment is your responsibility.

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.