Format Audio Recordings
Contributors Jabbour, Alan
Jabbour, Karen Singer
Reed, Henry
Dates 1967
Location Giles County
Glen Lyn
United States
Virginia
Language English
Subjects Appalachian Region
Ethnography
Field Recordings
Folk Music
Harmonica Music
Hornpipes
Music
Title
Fisher's Hornpipe [on harmonica]
Contributor Names
Jabbour, Alan (Transcriber)
Jabbour, Alan (Collector)
Jabbour, Karen Singer (Collector)
Reed, Henry, 1884-1968 (Performer)
Created / Published
Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia, July 17, 1967
Subject Headings
-  Hornpipes
-  Folk music--Appalachian Region
-  Harmonica music
-  Ethnography
-  Music
-  Field recordings
-  United States -- Virginia -- Giles County -- Glen Lyn
Genre
Ethnography
Music
Field recordings
Notes
-  Meter: 4/4
-  Key: C
-  Strains: 2 (low-high, 4-4)
-  Rendition: 1r-2
-  Compass: 14
-  Performed by Henry Reed, harmonica.
-  Title change: The title appeared in the fieldnotes as "Fisher's Hornpipe."
-  Phrase Structure: ABAC QRST (abb'c abde qrq's tuvw)
-  Spoken: ALAN JABBOUR: "Fisher's Hornpipe."/HENRY REED: That's hard to play on the harp, you know?/ALAN JABBOUR: I [know].
-  Recording chronology: 144
-  Duration: 38 seconds
-  The hornpipe seems to have developed in the later eighteenth century as a solo fancy dance, with the dancer typically accompanied by a 4/4 tune played on the newly democratized violin at a somewhat slower tempo than a reel. (The hornpipe of earlier British tradition in 3/2 time is a different genre with the same name.) One of the earliest and most widely circulated of all modern hornpipe tunes is "Fisher's Hornpipe." Its name is sometimes taken as a tribute to fishermen as an occupational group, but in fact it is the name of the original composer; the tune first appears in J. Fishar's Sixteen Cotillons, Twelve Allemands and Twelve Hornpipes (London, ca. 1780), p. 48. Fishar was, as the title page explains, "Principal Dancer and Ballet Master at the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden."By the beginning of the nineteenth century the tune was already appearing in manuscript tunebooks from America, and it has appeared in countless published tunebooks since then, often set in the key of F. American Fiddle Tunes (Library of Congress, AFS L62) contains further discussion and citations. Henry Reed's sets illustrate nicely the two keys in which traditional sets are usually played--either in G (AFS 13033b07) or in D (AFS 13037a03). A comparison of the two illustrates how a tune varies to fit the range and fingering patterns dictated by the key. This version, played on a C-harmonica, is something of a harmonica tour de force.
Medium
Audio tape
Call Number
AFC 1969/008: AFS 13705A49
Source Collection
Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 2
Repository
American Folklife Center
Digital Id
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.afc/afcreed.13705a49


Rights & Access

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Photographs in this collection produced by Carl Fleischhauer, Karen Singer Jabbour, and Kit Olson are reproduced here with their permission. Mr. Fleischhauer does not object to additional use of the photos he created provided he is credited as the photographer. Persons contemplating other kinds of uses or use of the other photographers' work should contact the American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress.

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Please cite the source collection title, collection number, and repository, for example:

Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1 (AFC 1967/007), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 2 (AFC 1969/008), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Fiddle tunes of the old frontier: the Henry Reed collection online presentation (AFC 1999/016), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

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