Format Audio Recordings
Contributors Jabbour, Alan
Jabbour, Karen Singer
Reed, Henry
Dates 1966
Location Giles County
Glen Lyn
United States
Virginia
Language English
Subjects Appalachian Region
Breakdowns
Ethnography
Fiddle Tunes
Field Recordings
Folk Music
Instrumental Music
Music
Reels
Title
Turkey in the Straw
Contributor Names
Jabbour, Alan (Transcriber)
Jabbour, Alan (Collector)
Jabbour, Karen Singer (Collector)
Reed, Henry, 1884-1968 (Performer)
Created / Published
Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia, June 18, 1966
Subject Headings
-  Instrumental music
-  Fiddle tunes
-  Folk music--Appalachian Region
-  Breakdowns
-  Reels
-  Ethnography
-  Music
-  Field recordings
-  United States -- Virginia -- Giles County -- Glen Lyn
Genre
Ethnography
Music
Field recordings
Notes
-  Key: D
-  Meter: 4/4
-  Compass: 12
-  Strains: 2 (low-high, 4-4)
-  Rendition: 1r-2r-1r-2r-1
-  Phrase Structure: ABAC QRSC (abcd abc'e c"c"qq' rsc'e)
-  Stylistic features: Slurred bowing, high D on E-string.
-  Related Tune(s): Natchez under the Hill
-  Related Tune(s): Natchez
-  Related Tune(s): Old Zip Coon
-  Related Tune(s): Jolly is the Miller
-  Related Tune(s): The Rose Tree
-  "Turkey in the Straw" is by now close to universal as an American fiddle tune, being played not only in the Upper South but in every region of the country. It may have originated in the Upper South, but it is by now so well-circulated that it is not easy to reconstruct its original epicenter. In the nineteenth century it competed with a close cousin, "Old Zip Coon," that had the advantage of minstrel stage promotion, as well as a more distant cousin, "Natchez under the Hill," that was associated with the frontier riverboat scene on the Mississippi and its tributaries. "Old Zip Coon" seems not to have survived the minstrel stage, but "Natchez under the Hill" seems to have lingered well into the twentieth century, despite the competition with "Turkey in the Straw," perhaps because "Natchez under the Hill" is usually in the key of A, while sets of "Turkey in the Straw" are typically in either D or G. Henry Reed's version of "Natchez under the Hill," which he called "Natchez," appears elsewhere in this collection (AFS 13705a35, AFS 13035b07). All these American cousins, together with others such as the play-party song "Jolly Is the Miller," seem to be derived from an eighteenth-century British air often called "The Rose Tree." This lineage is discussed, and many variants are listed, in the notes to American Fiddle Tunes (Library of Congress, AFS L62).
-  Performed by Henry Reed, fiddle.
-  Spoken: HENRY REED: You know that, don't you?/ALAN JABBOUR: Yeah, I know./WOMAN: "Turkey in the Straw."
-  Recording chronology: 021
-  Duration: 1 minute, 19 seconds
Medium
Audio tape
Call Number
AFC 1967/007: AFS 13033B13
Source Collection
Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1
Repository
American Folklife Center
Digital Id
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.afc/afcreed.13033b13


Rights & Access

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Photographs in this collection produced by Carl Fleischhauer, Karen Singer Jabbour, and Kit Olson are reproduced here with their permission. Mr. Fleischhauer does not object to additional use of the photos he created provided he is credited as the photographer. Persons contemplating other kinds of uses or use of the other photographers' work should contact the American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress.

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Please cite the source collection title, collection number, and repository, for example:

Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1 (AFC 1967/007), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 2 (AFC 1969/008), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Fiddle tunes of the old frontier: the Henry Reed collection online presentation (AFC 1999/016), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

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