Audio Recordings Santa Anna's Retreat
Articles and Essays with this item:
- Santa Anna's Retreat
- Contributor Names
- Jabbour, Alan (Transcriber)
- Jabbour, Alan (Collector)
- Reed, Henry, 1884-1968 (Performer)
- Created / Published
- Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia, August 27, 1966
- Subject Headings
- - Marches
- - Instrumental music
- - Fiddle tunes
- - Folk music--Appalachian Region
- - Ethnography
- - Music
- - Field recordings
- - United States -- Virginia -- Giles County -- Glen Lyn
- Field recordings
- - Meter: 4/4
- - Rendition: 1r-2r-1r-2r
- - Key: A
- - Compass: 11
- - Strains: 2 (high-low, 4-2)
- - Phrase Structure: ABAC QR (abcd abef qrst)
- - Stylistic features: Slurred bowing, somewhat slower pace.
- - Antonio López de Santa Anna (1794-1876) was both general of the army and president of Mexico when Texas declared its independence from Mexico. He led the expeditionary force in 1836 that fought at the Alamo, and he was subsequently defeated and captured by Sam Houston, interviewed by U.S. President Andrew Jackson, and returned to Mexico. During the Mexican War in 1846-7, he again led the Mexican forces and was defeated by the United States.Henry Reed said--presumably on the authority of his fiddling and fifing mentor Quince Dillion, who was a fifer in the Mexican War--that this march was used by Santa Anna's army to retreat from the American forces during the Mexican War. Since the tune is a venerable British air, it seems more likely that it was played by the American contingent, though there were in fact Irish (or Irish-American) participants in the Mexican army.See the "Manuscript Collection of Dance Tunes [ca. 1775-1800]" (Newberry Library, Chicago), p. 54 "Shay's March"; Riley's Flute Melodies (ca. 1814), p. 47 "Quick March"; O'Neill's Music of Ireland #1812 "Johnny Cope--Irish version"; Roche, Collection of Irish Airs (1909), vol. 3, 74 (#196, Part 4, Section 3) "Nights of Gladness Quadrille," vol. 3, 78 (#202) "Jonny Cope" (in a group of marches). An American hymn setting is Carden, Missouri Harmony (1825), p. 113, "Spring."
- - Performed by Henry Reed, fiddle.
- - Duration: 1 minute, 7 seconds
- - Title change: The title appeared in the fieldnotes as "Santy Anna's Retreat."
- - Recording chronology: 044
- Audio tape
- Call Number
- AFC 1967/007: AFS 13035A33
- Source Collection
- Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1
- American Folklife Center
- Digital Id
Rights & Access
The Library of Congress is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17, U.S.C.) or any other restrictions in the material in this Collection, except as noted below. Users should keep in mind that the Library of Congress is providing access to these materials strictly for educational and research purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions.
The audio materials in this Collection were recorded by Alan Jabbour, director of the American Folklife Center (now retired), in his personal capacity. We gratefully acknowledge Dr. Jabbour's permission to place these materials online. Other materials made available with the permission of Dr. Jabbour include logs, fieldnotes, and musical transcriptions. Further reproduction (beyond that which falls within the scope of fair use) requires the permission of Dr. Jabbour. Kindly direct such requests to the American Folklife Center which will forward them to Dr. Jabbour.
Photographs in this Collection produced by Carl Fleischhauer, Karen Singer Jabbour, and Kit Olson are reproduced here with their permission. Mr. Fleischhauer does not object to additional use of the photos he created provided he is credited as the photographer. Persons contemplating other kinds of uses or use of the other photographers' work should contact the American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress.
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As is often the case with materials collected in the course of ethnographic field research, however, it is difficult or impossible to sufficiently identify specific tunes performed by participants, which precludes performing a comprehensive assessment of the copyright status of underlying musical rights in compositions. Research performed by the staff of the American Folklife Center in anticipation of the release of this Collection in American Memory indicates that the underlying musical works appear to be in the public domain. As with all materials provided by American Memory, users are reminded that they must make their own assessment of copyrights or other rights (or absence of such rights) in the context of their intended use.
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Credit Line: Fiddle Tunes of the Old Frontier: The Henry Reed Collection. Library of Congress, American Folklife Center
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More about Copyright and other Restrictions
For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.
Alan Jabbour Duplication Project, Part 1
Fiddle Tunes of the Old Frontier: The Henry Reed Collection
Song of America
American Folklife Center