Format Audio Recordings
Contributors Jabbour, Alan
Reed, Henry
Dates 1966
Location Giles County
Glen Lyn
United States
Virginia
Language English
Subjects Appalachian Region
Breakdowns
Ethnography
Fiddle Tunes
Field Recordings
Folk Music
Instrumental Music
Music
Reels
Title
Forked Deer
Contributor Names
Jabbour, Alan (Transcriber)
Jabbour, Alan (Collector)
Reed, Henry, 1884-1968 (Performer)
Created / Published
Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia, August 27, 1966
Subject Headings
-  Instrumental music
-  Fiddle tunes
-  Folk music--Appalachian Region
-  Breakdowns
-  Reels
-  Ethnography
-  Music
-  Field recordings
-  United States -- Virginia -- Giles County -- Glen Lyn
Genre
Ethnography
Music
Field recordings
Notes
-  Key: D
-  Meter: 4/4
-  Compass: 17
-  Strains: 3 (high-low-high octave, 4-4)
-  Rendition: 1r-2r-1r-3-1-2
-  Phrase Structure: ABA'C QRQ'S Q"R"Q"S" (abac ab'de qrqs qtue--Q"R"Q"S": octave higher)
-  Stylistic features: Low strain repeated in upper octave, requiring third position on E-string.
-  Performed by Henry Reed, fiddle.
-  Recording chronology: 061
-  Duration: 1 minute, 27 seconds
-  "Forked Deer" is a quintessential fiddle tune of the old frontier. It is old and widely distributed, yet it cannot be traced to the Old World or the northern United States. "Forked Deer" begins with and gives greatest emphasis to the high strain of the tune. And it is fiddled with a fluid bowing style using slurs to create complicated rhythmic patterns, in the manner of the old Upper South. Its title both evokes the forest and (though few fiddlers in the Appalachians realize this) names a river in West Tennessee. An 1839 printed set from Southside Virginia (Knauff, Virginia Reels, vol. 1, #4 "Forked Deer") establishes the tune's longevity under that title in Virginia.It found its way onto the nineteenth-century stage and into tune collections as a "jig": see Brother Jonathan's Collection of Violin Tunes (1862), p. 26 "Gas Light Jig"; Coes, George H. Coes' Album of Music, p. 6 "Forkedair Jig," pp. 34-35 "Come and Kiss Me." But that did not give it circulation beyond its home region in the Upper South, where it turned up in many twentieth-century sets; see Thomas, Devil's Ditties, pp. 131-133 (compare Victor 21407B, played by Jilson Setters (James Day)); Ford, Traditional Music of America, p. 45 "Old Pork Bosom"; Morris, Old Time Violin Melodies, #31 "Forkadair"; Thede, The Fiddle Book, p. 135 (Oklahoma).Henry Reed plays a third strain, as do some other fiddlers, composed of the low strain recast an octave higher. He once mentioned that another old title for "Forked Deer" was "Hounds in the Thorn Bush," but he considered "Forked Deer" its proper name. He also mentioned it as one of the tunes in Quince Dillion's repertory.
Medium
Audio tape
Call Number
AFC 1967/007: AFS 13035B05
Source Collection
Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1
Repository
American Folklife Center
Digital Id
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.afc/afcreed.13035b05


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Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1 (AFC 1967/007), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 2 (AFC 1969/008), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Fiddle tunes of the old frontier: the Henry Reed collection online presentation (AFC 1999/016), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

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