Format Audio Recordings
Contributors Jabbour, Alan
Reed, Henry
Dates 1967
Location Giles County
Glen Lyn
United States
Virginia
Language English
Subjects Appalachian Region
Breakdowns
Ethnography
Fiddle Tunes
Field Recordings
Folk Music
Instrumental Music
Music
Reels
Title
Over the Waterfall
Contributor Names
Jabbour, Alan (Transcriber)
Jabbour, Alan (Collector)
Reed, Henry, 1884-1968 (Performer)
Created / Published
Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia, May 6, 1967
Subject Headings
-  Instrumental music
-  Fiddle tunes
-  Folk music--Appalachian Region
-  Breakdowns
-  Reels
-  Ethnography
-  Music
-  Field recordings
-  United States -- Virginia -- Giles County -- Glen Lyn
Genre
Ethnography
Music
Field recordings
Notes
-  Key: D
-  Meter: 4/4
-  Strains: 2 (high-low, 4-4)
-  Compass: 11
-  Performed by Henry Reed, fiddle.
-  Duration: 1 minute, 32 seconds
-  Rendition: 1-2-1r-2-1-2-1r-2
-  Phrase Structure: ABAC QRQ'S (abac abde qrsc qr'tu)
-  Stylistic features: Henry Reed corrects himself on a note at the end.
-  Spoken: HENRY REED: "Over the Waterfalls."/ALAN JABBOUR: "Over the Waterfalls."/HENRY REED: Yeah, at the--I heard that at Teets's Show when I was just a little thing, about five or six years old./ALAN JABBOUR: To the what?/HENRY REED: Teets's Show./ALAN JABBOUR:
-  Recording chronology: 108
-  Related Tune(s): Chinchbug (Bedbug Has No Wings at All, But He Gets There Just the Same)
-  Henry Reed distinctly calls this "Over the Waterfalls" on microphone, but he used the singular on other occasions, because that is how the fieldnotes from both of his performances record it. He said he learned it when he was a young boy from performers in a traveling show, Teets's Show (probably a circus or medicine show).The tune has a long history on both sides of the Atlantic as an instrumental tune. It is also used as a melody for the widespread British and American song "Eggs and Marrowbones" (see Laws, American Balladry from British Broadsides, Q2). This humorous song involves an old man pushing his old wife into the water, so the title "Over the Waterfall" may show a close link between the song and the instrumental tune. Fuller notes on the song and on other instrumental versions appear under "Mercian Tittery-Ary-A" in The Hammons Family (Library of Congress, AFS L65-66).The fiddle tune was recorded under this name (in the singular) by the Hollow Rock String Band (Kanawha 311). Through that recording, and in parallel radiation through live performances and tapes, Henry Reed's tune has been widely recirculated across the country, appearing now in the repertories of perhaps thousands of musicians. This is only the most dramatic example of the direct influence of Henry Reed's repertory on the old-time music revival in the later twentieth century. Henry Reed plays another tune, "Chinchbug," that has a similar first strain to "Over the Waterfall."
Medium
Audio tape
Call Number
AFC 1969/008: AFS 13703B08
Source Collection
Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 2
Repository
American Folklife Center
Digital Id
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.afc/afcreed.13703b08


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Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1 (AFC 1967/007), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 2 (AFC 1969/008), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Fiddle tunes of the old frontier: the Henry Reed collection online presentation (AFC 1999/016), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

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