Photos, Prints, Drawings Landform complexes produced at the Samples Mountaintop Removal Project on Cabin Creek

Format Photos, Prints, Drawings
Contributors Eiler, Lyntha Scott
Dates 1995
Location Cabin Creek
West Virginia
Language English
Subjects "Big John," the Dragline
Mountaintop Removal
Samples Mine
Valley Fills
Landform complexes produced at the Samples Mountaintop Removal Project on Cabin Creek
Contributor Names
Eiler, Lyntha Scott (Photographer)
Created / Published
October 26, 1995
Subject Headings
-  Fall
-  Mountaintop removal
-  October
-  Reclamation
-  "Big John," the dragline
-  Samples Mine
-  Valley fills
-  Ethnography
-  Photographs
-  West Virginia -- Cabin Creek
-  Event: Helicopter tour of Coal River and Mountaintop Removal Sites.
-  In the 1990s, mountaintop removal and reclamation became the mining method of choice for coal operators in central Appalachia. Mountaintop removal and reclamation entails blasting apart mountains in order to retrieve multiple seams of the low-sulphur bituminous coal, which came into greater demand following the passage of the 1990 amendments to the Clean Air Act. Excess rock and rubble are then dumped into adjacent streams and hollows, forming what is known as "Valley Fill." Much of the coal mined in southern West Virginia is "steam coal," used in producing electricity, but some is used to produce steel as well. This photo offers a view of Catenary Coal Company's Samples mine, named for Eugene Samples, a company executive. Various stages of the mountaintop removal method are visible here, including the holes drilled for blasting, the valley fills in progress, and "Big John," a dragline with a 53-cubic yard scoop which loads rocks and mine spoil dislodged by blasting into rock trucks and then dredges out the coal.
35 mm Color Slide
Call Number
AFC 1999/008: CRF-LE-C051-04
Source Collection
Coal River Folklife Collection (AFC 1999/008)
American Folklife Center
Digital Id

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