Format Photos, Prints, Drawings
Contributors Harris & Ewing, Washington, D.C.
Dates 1917
Location United States
Washington D.C.
Language English
Subjects Arrest
Crocker, Gertrude L.
Flanagan, Catherine M.
National Woman's Party
United States
Watson, Madeleine
Catherine Flanagan, Gertrude Crocker [or Mrs. William Upton (Madeleine) Watson]
Contributor Names
Harris & Ewing, Washington, D.C. (Photographer)
Created / Published
1917 [Aug.]
Subject Headings
-  Watson, Madeleine
-  National Woman's Party
-  Suffragists--United States--1910-1920
-  Crocker, Gertrude L
-  Flanagan, Catherine M
-  Picketing
-  Women--Suffrage--United States
-  Arrest
-  Photographs
-  United States -- District of Columbia
-  Summary: Catherine Flanagan (Left) and Gertrude Crocker [or Mrs. William Upton (Madeleine) Watson?] (Right) being placed under arrest as they picket with banners before the White House East Gate. Arresting policewoman center, crowd behind. Banner reads: "How Long Must Women Wait For Liberty?"
-  Title transcribed from item with additional information derived by Library of Congress staff.
-  Similar photograph printed in The Suffragist, 5 no. 83 (25 Aug 1917): 6-7. Captioned "Arrest of Miss Catherine Flanagan and Mrs. William Upton Watson at East Gate [of White House] with Banner `How Long Must Women Wait for Liberty?' Sailors and Roughs Encouraged by Police Shown in Background."
-  Catharine M. Flanagan was arrested picketing August 1917, sentenced to 30 days in Occoquan Workhouse. Mrs. William Upton (Madeleine) Watson, of Chicago, Illinois, was treasurer of the Illinois state branch of the NWP. She was arrested Aug. 17, 1917 for picketing and sentenced to 30 days in Occoquan Workhouse. Arrested again in August 1918, she was sentenced to five days for participation in Lafayette Square meeting. Gertrude Crocker served three jail sentences, 30 days for picketing the White House in 1917; 10 days for assisting Lafayette Square meeting 1918, and five days for watchfire demonstration 1919. Source: Doris Stevens, Jailed for Freedom (New York: Boni and Liveright, 1920), 357, 359, 369.
1 photograph: print; 4.25 x 6.25 in.
Call Number
Location: National Woman's Party Records, Group I, Container I:160, Folder: Pickets--Arrests and Imprisonment
Source Collection
Records of the National Woman's Party
Manuscript Division
Digital Id

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress provides access to these materials for educational and research purposes and makes no warranty with regard to their use for other purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or holders of other rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. There may be content that is protected as "works made for hire" (copyright held by the party that commissioned the original work) and/or under the copyright or neighboring-rights laws of other nations. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. See Legal Notices and Privacy and Publicity Rights for additional information and restrictions.

The Library of Congress would like to learn more about these materials and to hear from individuals or institutions having any additional information. Please contact us through our Ask A Librarian service.

Preferred Citation

Researchers wishing to quote from or refer to special presentation features and pdfs included in this digital site should cite the title of the feature and the following digital collection information: Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. Please include the URL of the web page being cited and the date of access. Citations to the individual photographs from the collection should include the photograph title and date, Records of the National Woman's Party, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. Please see the bibliographic records for the individual photographs for further detail.


The Library of Congress has researched the contents of this collection to ascertain any possible legal rights embodied in the materials. Items included in this collection with the permission of right holders are listed below. For further use of reproduction of those items, please contact the rights holders listed.

Two photographs, "Muriel Lynch (and daughter?)," and "Dorothy Thompson, Journalist," made available here with permission from Bachrach Studio. 321 S. Washington Street, Alexandria, VA 22314

Availability of Reproductions

To inquire about reproductions of Manuscript Division items found in American Memory, contact the Library of Congress Duplication Services.

For Further Information

If you have comments or additional questions, please contact us.

Rights assessment is your responsibility.

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.