Format Audio Recordings
Contributors Fleischhauer, Carl
Dates 1983
Location Macy
Nebraska
United States
Language English
Siouan Languages
Subjects Clown Contest
Ethnography
Music
Songs
Title
Contest Song for Clowns (Warm-Up)
Contributor Names
Fleischhauer, Carl (Recordist)
Created / Published
August 14, 1983
Subject Headings
-  Clown Contest
-  Music
-  Ethnography
-  Songs
-  United States -- Nebraska -- Macy
Genre
Music
Ethnography
Songs
Notes
-  From Dorothy Sara Lee's fieldnotes: "The clowns did not seem terribly ferocious, but their covered faces and mildly outrageous actions seemed to frighten some of the younger children. The clown dancers were apparently not intended to be taken seriously, and there was a bit of clowning between one of the dancers and one of the arena directors. Clown costumes were take-offs on pow-wow regalia: headpieces made of an old rug or mop; rag tails. All clown dancers wore cloths over their heads to disguise their identities. Some appeared to be serious dancers--one danced with hula hoops but finished with the drum. Others parodied the movements of fancy dancers. Supposedly, the clown contest was judged by the audience; the arena directors held a flag over the heads of each contestant and listened [sic] the corresponding applause" (p. 13). 1983 Omaha pow-wow. Macy, Nebraska. Notes from interview with Rufus White: The Omahas had adopted the clown contest by the early 1980s.
Medium
7-inch tape
Call Number
AFC 1986/038: 0674
Source Collection
Omaha Powwow Project collection (AFC 1986/038)
Repository
American Folklife Center
Digital Id
http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.afc/afcomaha.0674


Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17, U.S.C.) or any other restrictions in the material in this collection, except as noted below. Users should keep in mind that the Library of Congress is providing access to these materials strictly for educational and research purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other holders of rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. See our Legal Notices and Privacy and Publicity Rights for additional information and restrictions.

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The Library of Congress has carefully researched these materials to ascertain possible legal rights embodied in the materials it contains. For the most part, the performers have been identified in this collection. In the case of the pow-wow recordings there are some stray voices which are audible but not identifiable. As is often the case with materials collected in the course of ethnographic field research, however, it is difficult or impossible to sufficiently identify specific songs sung by participants which precludes performing a comprehensive assessment of the copyright status of underlying musical rights in lyrics or compositions. The identification of specific speakers or singers included in sound recordings is also often difficult or sometimes impossible. The songs in this collection were created in traditional genres by anonymous authors and are part of the oral tradition.

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Credit line

Please cite the source collection title, collection number, and repository, for example:

Alice C. Fletcher and Francis La Flesche collection of Omaha cylinder recordings (AFC 1948/123)

Omaha Indian interviews collection, 1983 (AFC 1983/026)

1985 Neptune Plaza Concert Series collection (AFC 1985/015)

Omaha Powwow Project collection (AFC 1986/038)

Omaha Indian interviews collection, 1999 (AFC 1999/014)

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