(Feb. 18, 2010) The Treaty of Maipú for Integration and Cooperation, designed to revive and update the Peace and Friendship Treaty signed between Argentina and Chile in 1984 but never fully implemented, was signed by representatives of the two countries on October 30, 2009, and entered into force on January 22, 2010. The purpose of the Maipú Treaty is to deepen bilateral relations between the countries, strengthen shared democratic values, enable the undertaking of joint actions, promote investment and job creation, and ease the free cross-border circulation of their citizens. The Treaty also seeks to encourage cooperation in the fields of defense, international security, civil society participation, and immigration.
The Treaty emphasizes the need to implement programs that would bring the two countries closer together and mentions specifically strategic road and railroad transportation infrastructure projects as ways to promote further integration. For that purpose, it recognizes the role of the Bi-National Commission for Economic Cooperation and Physical Integration created by the Treaty of 1984. It also makes a reference to the Bi-National Commission on Commerce, Investment, and Economic Relations established by a Memorandum of Understanding signed on December 4, 2008.
The Treaty is to be implemented through Complementation Protocols. For that purpose, it creates consultative, bilateral mechanisms, at the presidential, ministerial, and parliamentary levels. In addition, the Treaty recognizes the Bilateral Taskforce of the Combined Joint Peace Force, called Cruz del Sur, created by a Memorandum of December 4, 2006, to foster military cooperation between the parties, as one of the most representative examples of their high level of integration. The Treaty acknowledges the validity of other bilateral agreements between the two countries in the fields of defense and security. Additional areas of cooperation include academia, science and technology, and consular matters.
Finally, the Treaty establishes the Bilateral Forum for Cooperation in Labor, Employment, and Social Security Matters and a Consultative Council for civil society participation. (Treaty of Maipú, Amersur [an Argentine NGO] website, http://www.amersur.org.ar/Integ/TratadoDeMAIPU.pdf & Chilean government website, http://www.cooperaciondescentralizada.gov.cl/1511/articles-79445_recurso
_1.pdf (both last visited Feb. 16, 2009).)