(Aug. 21, 2019) On July 23, 2019, Law 27508 on the Fund for Direct Assistance to Victims of Human Trafficking created a public trust fund in Argentina dedicated to the support and assistance of victims of human trafficking in the country over the next 30 years (art. 5).
Under the new Law, assets seized as a consequence of the perpetration of crimes of human trafficking are to be the main component of the Fund. Seized assets subject to registration, such as real estate or motor vehicles and vessels, are to be recorded in the public registry free of charge in the name of the national state. Likewise, the sale of those assets is exempted from any national tax (art. 4).
The Law requires the executive branch is to set up a free public consultation website to publicize all assets coming into the Fund and how they are being used or applied (art. 11). According to the Law, victims of human trafficking are to be awarded economic reparation for damages at the time of the offender’s sentencing. To this end, the court is to identify assets of the indicted so that they can be used to compensate the victim. This compensation will be added to any other reparation the victim may seek in civil courts (art. 13).
Officials of the Ministry of Justice in charge of a parallel program to help victims of human trafficking—the Programa Nacional de Rescate y Acompanamiento a las Personas Damnificadas por ele Delito de Trata de Personas (National Program of Rescue and Support to Persons Affected by the Crime of Human Trafficking)—have stated that, in the last 11 years, the Program has assisted more than 14,000 victims of exploitation. To assist officials in obtaining reports on the crime of human trafficking, the Ministry of Justice has also established a 24-hour telephone line open to the public.