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Brazil: New Law Creates DNA Database to Help Resolve Violent Crimes

(June 5, 2012) On May 29, 2012, Brazil promulgated Law No. 12,654 of May 28, 2012, which creates a national DNA database designed to help resolve violent crimes. The purpose of the Law is to establish a central database of genetic information, managed by an official agency of the forensic department of the police force. (Daniella Jinkings, Diário Oficial Publica Lei que Cria Banco de DNA de Criminosos, AGÊNCIA BRASIL (May 29, 2012).)

The databank will collect human tissue, such as blood, semen, nails, and hair, left at crime scenes that can be used by the police and the judiciary in investigations. Genetic material from criminals convicted of crimes involving intentional violence will also be collected. All the data collected will be kept confidential, and the genetic profiles must follow constitutional and international norms on human rights, the human genome, and genetic data. (Id.)