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Brazil: New National ID Card Launched

(Jan. 4, 2011) On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inácio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil – RIC), that will replace the current national identity document in Brazil. Lula's term of office ended on December 31, 2010, and the launching of the new ID card was one of his last government acts. Lula was replaced by Dilma Roussef, the first female president elected in Brazil, who took office on January 1, 2011.

With the issuance of the new ID cards, all Brazilians will each be registered under a unique national number, which will avoid registration of individuals in more than one state. The card will come with a chip containing the person's fingerprints, Internal Revenue Service number, and voter card number; information on gender, nationality, date of birth, and filiation; and photograph, signature, and issuing registrar. The new ID card has 17 security features designed to deter fraud and is expected to completely replace the old cards by 2019. (Governo Lança Novo Modelo de Identidade Nesta Quinta, VEJA (Dec. 30, 2010),