(Feb. 9, 2009) On January 26, 2009, the foreign ministers of the Member States of the European Union agreed to strike the People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran (PMOI) off the list maintained by the EU of terrorist organizations. The agreement, which signals the end of a seven-year battle by PMOI against its inclusion on the EU list, is in compliance with a number of court judgments, the most recent reached in December 2008 by the European Court of First Instance, ordering the removal of the PMOI from the list.
PMOI is the Iranian opposition group, founded in the 1960s in opposition to the Shah, that carried out a number of armed attacks from 1980-1990 but gave up its arms in 2003. Tehran claims that PMOI is still dangerous. It is banned in the United States. For the time being, PMOI will be able to operate freely in the EU and raise funds. Meanwhile, France announced that it is preparing an appeal against the December 2008 court order. (EU Ministers Drop Iran Group from Terror List, EU OBSERVER, Jan. 26, 2009, available at http://euobserver.com/24/27472; see also Iranian Group's Status on Terrorist List, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR, Oct. 30, 2008, available at http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_755_text.)