(Sept. 2, 2010) On July 21, 2010, Israel's parliament, the Knesset, passed an amendment to the Youth Labor Law (Amendment No. 14). The amendment prohibits the employment during school hours of young people who are in the 11th and 12th grades and are subject to compulsory education. The amended Law recognizes exceptions to this rule for youths who are employed as apprentices or are exempted from compulsory education for special reasons. The Law further prohibits youth employment in cases where the employer has not been provided with a notice from the youth's educational institution regarding his school hours.
Compulsory education applies to young people who are between the ages of 14 and 17 at the beginning of the school year. The amendment expressly extends this requirement to youths who have attained 18 years of age but who are still subject to compulsory education. Those who are undertaking approved vocational training, however, are exempted. To be approved, vocational training must include academic education and be compliant with requirements established by the Apprenticeship Law, 5713-1953, as amended, and by implementing regulations issued by the Minister of Labor in consultation with the Minister of Education. (Youth Labor Law, 5713-1953, 7 LAWS OF THE STATE OF ISRAEL (LSI) 94, as amended; Youth Labor (Amendment No. 14) Law, 5770-2010, the Knesset website, http://www.knesset.gov.il/privatelaw/data/18/3/328_3_2.rtf (last visited Aug. 30, 2010); Apprenticeship Law, 5713-1953, 7 LSI 86, as amended.)