(June 2, 2008) Japan and Indonesia signed the Agreement for an Economic Partnership (EPA) on August 20, 2007, under which Japan agreed to issue visas and allow resident status for qualified Indonesian nurses and nursing-care workers. The workers will receive Japanese language classes for six months. Then, they will work at hospitals and nursing homes and prepare for the appropriate national examination. Nurses will be allowed up to three years to prepare and nursing-care providers up to four years. Those who fail to pass the exams must go back to Indonesia. Those who pass the exams will be qualified for resident status that can be renewed every three years.
On May 19, 2008, the Japanese government decided to accept the first 200 nurses and 300 nursing-care workers in July and August 2008 under the terms of the EPA. (Indoneshia jin kangoshi ra 500 nin, 7-8 gatsu no rainichi ga seishiki kettei [500 Nurses and Others, an Official Decision Made for Acceptance of Them in July and August], YOMIURI ONLINE, May 19, 2008 (on file with author); & Nichi-Indoneshia keizai renkei kyotei ni motoduku kangoshi kaigo fukushishi kohosha no ukeire [Acceptance of Nurses and Nursing-Care Workers Based on Japan-Indonesia EPA], Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare Web site (last visited May 20, 2008).)