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Kazakhstan: Internet Recognized as Mass Media

(Aug. 26, 2009) According to amendments to the nation's Mass Media law signed by President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan on July 11, 2009, all Internet resources are now recognized as media outlets. That means that all websites, including blogs, chat rooms, web forums, electronic libraries, online stores, etc., must be registered with the Ministry for Culture and Information. Being subject to mass media law regulations, the websites may be held liable under civil and criminal law for the content of information they distribute. Last year, access to the online publication LIVE JOURNAL was blocked in Kazakhstan by the authorities because the former son-in-law of the President had his own blog that was part of LIVE JOURNAL and published information unfavorable to the President. (All Websites Become Media Outlets [in Russian], POLIT.RU, July 11, 2009, available at