(June 27, 2011) On June 8, 2011, the President of the Russian Federation signed the Law on Ratification of the Protocol to the Russian Federation – United States of America Bilateral Agreement Concerning the Management and Disposition of Plutonium Designated as No Longer Required for Defense Purposes and Related Cooperation. The Protocol was signed in Washington on April 13, 2010. It amends the 2000 Agreement and establishes terms and procedures for using military-grade plutonium declared not to be required for military purposes. The major principles for using this plutonium as nuclear power plant fuel, for scholarly purposes, or for the development of new technology are also defined.
The Protocol establishes which nuclear reactors can be used for irradiation of the discarded plutonium and provides for the monitoring of the process through bilateral inspections. Additionally, the Protocol establishes that the United States will obligate US$400 million to implement its provisions in Russia or provide assistance to Russia in other forms.
Russia had stated a reservation to the Agreement that made its participation dependent on U.S. financial assistance. Under this reservation, Russia declared its right to change or stop its activities under the Agreement if U.S. funds are not provided. (Press Release, Russian Federation President, President Signed the Law on Ratification of the 2010 Protocol to the Russian Federation – United States of America Bilateral Agreement Concerning the Management and Disposition ofPlutonium Designated as No Longer Required for Defense Purposes and Related Cooperation [in Russian], President of Russia website (June 7, 2011).)