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Rwanda; United Kingdom: Extradition Disallowed by British Court

(Apr. 16, 2009) On April 7, 2009, the High Court of London refused to allow the extradition of four suspects – three former mayors in southern Rwanda (Emmanuel Nteziryayo, Celestin Ugirashebuja, and Charles Munyaneza) and one alleged militia leader (Vincent Bajinya) – wanted in Rwanda for crimes they allegedly committed in the 1994 genocide in that country. The slaughter was launched by extremists of the Hutu majority against minority ethnic Tutsis and Hutu opponents of the Hutu government after a plane carrying the President back to the capital city was downed by rocket fire. (See, for example, Rwanda Marks Genocide Anniversary, BBC NEWS, Apr. 6. 2004, available at

The reasoning of the British court was that the suspects will not be able to obtain fair trials before Rwandan courts. The charges against these individuals include genocide, complicity to commit genocide, crimes against humanity, conspiracy to commit murders, and other acts of destruction and plundering. (London Turns Down Extradition of Four Genocide-Accused Rwandans, HIRONDELLE NEWS AGENCY, Apr. 9, 2009, available at