(July 2, 2008) On June 5, 2008, Taiwan's Executive Yuan (Cabinet) passed guidelines on policies to promote the sustainable use of energy. Under the new guidelines, the proportion of low-carbon energy used to generate power is to be increased by 2025 to 55 percent from the current 40 percent. Nuclear power is listed as an option among “no-carbon-emission” energy sources, without being in contravention of the Basic Environment Act's goal of establishing a “nuclear-free homeland.” To carry out the policy, the government plans to raise the efficiency of energy use (through a 2 percent rise in efficiency every year for the next 8 years, creating energy intensity levels 20 percent lower in 2015, and 50 percent lower in 2025, than the 2005 levels), encourage “clean” energy (so that between 2016 and 2020 the nationwide emission volume is lowered to the 2008 level, and to the year 2000 level by 2025), and promote energy conservation.
President Ma Ying-jeou and Presidential Office staff also signed the World Environment Day carbon-reduction declaration on June 5 and inaugurated a carbon-reduction program for Taiwan. The goals of the program are to reduce power consumption by 10 percent, water use by 20 percent, and paper use by 30 percent. (Cabinet Passes 'Sustainable Energy Policy Guidelines', Taiwan National Science Council Web site, June 10, 2008, available at http://web1.nsc.gov.tw/techwp.aspx?id=0970607001&ctunit=208&ctnode=287&mp=7; Tso Lon-di, Government Pushes Sustainable Energy, [June 12, 20008] 25 TAIWAN JOURNAL (June 27, 2008), available at http://taiwanjournal.nat.gov.tw/site/tj/ct.asp?CtNode=122&xItem=44054.)