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Nicaragua: New Commercial Code to Be Drafted

(Aug. 25, 2011) Within the next two years, Nicaragua expects to draft and approve a new Commercial Code. The Consejo Superio de la Empresa Privada (COSEP) [Superior Council for Private Enterprise] and President Daniel Ortega's administration are planning to issue a new Code because the current one entered into effect in 1917 and is considered […]

Philippines: Independent Commission Against Private Armies Works Toward Safe and Credible Elections

(Mar. 30, 2010) The Independent Commission Against Private Armies (ICAPA), created by Administrative Order 275 issued by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, forwarded two resolutions (Resolution No. 001-10 and Resolution No. 002-10) to the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) and the Philippine National Police (PNP) on March 24, 2010. The resolutions direct these organizations to increase […]

Philippines: Supreme Court Stops Commission on Elections by Issuing TRO in Favor of LGBT Party

(Jan. 29, 2010) On January 12, 2010, the Supreme Court of the Philippines issued a Temporary Restraining Order (TRO) to stop the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) from barring Ang Ladlad – a political group representing lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered people in the Philippines – from appearing on the ballot for the May 2010 elections. […]

Philippines: Executive Order Creates a Committee to Strengthen Church and State Relations

(Jan. 27, 2010) On November 23, 2009, an Executive Order (EO) “Creating the Church-Police-Military-Liaison Committee [CPMLC] to Formulate and Implement a Comprehensive Program to Establish Strong Partnership Between the State and the Church on Matters Concerning Peace and Order and Human Rights” was issued. (EO No. 847, Office of the Press Secretary Online, Nov. 23, […]

Organization of American States: Revocation of Resolution Barring Cuba’s Membership

(July 28, 2009) On June 3, 2009, during the third plenary meeting of its 39th regular session, held in Honduras, the General Assembly of the Organization of American States (OAS) abrogated Resolution VI, which had dissolved Cuba's membership in the organization. General Assembly Resolution 2438 effected the abrogation of Resolution VI, which had been adopted […]

Mexico: Electronic Platform to Track Evolution of Human Influenza A(H1N1)

(June 29, 2009) Mexico's National Epidemiological Surveillance System (Sistema Nacional de Vigilancia Epidemiológica, SINAVE, http://www.rhove.gob.mx/ (last visited June 19, 2009)) was designated on May 2, 2009, as the exclusive authority for tracking the evolution of the human influenza virus A(H1N1) and as the venue for all information concerning the virus's evolution. (Acuerdo por el que […]

Spain: Support for Mesoamerican Health Project

(Mar. 2, 2009) On February 24, 2009, the Mexican Secretary of Health, José Ángel Córdova Villalobos, announced that Spain has agreed to support the Mesoamerican Integration and Development Project (Proyecto de Integración y Desarrollo de Mesoamérica). Once known as the Puebla-Panama Plan, the renamed Project Mesoamerica was presented to representatives of the Spanish government and […]

Ecuador: U.S. Diplomat Expelled from Ecuador

(Feb. 27, 2009) On February 18, 2009, the First Secretary of the U.S. Embassy in Ecuador was expelled from the country “for interfering in the country's internal affairs.” This is the second expulsion of a U.S. diplomat from Ecuador in the month of February. The expulsion was announced after Police Headquarters presented a report at […]

Nicaragua: Presidential Decree Directs Measures of Austerity

(Feb. 27, 2009) On January 15, 2009, the President of Nicaragua, Daniel Ortega Saavedra, issued a decree on “austerity and savings.” Presidential Decree 02-2009, published in LA GACETA, DIARIO OFICIAL [the official gazette] of January 21, 2009, contains the measures that governmental institutions should take to generate savings within public agencies, with the aim of […]

Iraq: Kurdish President Pardons Imprisoned Journalist

(Feb. 9, 2009) On November 24, 2008, Adel Hussein, a physician and freelance journalist, was found guilty of offending public decency, in violation of Chapter 8, article 403, of the Iraqi Penal Code. On December 7, 2008, Dr. Hussein was released from prison under a pardon granted by the President of the Kurdish region of […]