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Canada: Government May Recover the Cost of Social Assistance to an Immigrant from the Immigrant’s Sponsor

(July 29, 2011) The Supreme Court of Canada has ruled that if a new immigrant to Canada under the family class obtains government assistance, the cost of this assistance may be recovered from the immigrant's family sponsor, provided that minimal procedural safeguards are followed. The Canadian Immigration and Refugee Protection Act 2001 allows in section […]

Ireland: Reform of Begging Laws

(July 14, 2011) On February 2, 2011, the Oireachtas (Irish Parliament) enacted the Criminal Justice (Public Order) Act 2011, No. 5/2011 (Office of the Attorney General of Ireland, Irish Statute Book website (last visited July 6, 2011)). Almost two months after the Act's adoption, nearly 180 arrests were made under its provisions. (Jamie Smyth, Garda […]

Ireland: Government Response to Loss in European Court Ruling on Abortion Law

(Jan. 4, 2011) On December 16, 2010, the office of the head of the government in Ireland issued a statement indicating that the government would study the issue of what steps the country needs to take in order to comply with a recent judgment of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) that found that […]

Canada: Bill Introduced to Require Aboriginal Leaders to Disclose Salaries

(Oct. 20, 2010) A Conservative Member of Canada's Parliament, Kelly Block, has introduced a bill that would require aboriginal leaders paid salaries from federally allocated funds to disclose their earnings. (A Bill to Create the First Nations' Financial Transparency Act, Bill No. C-575, 40th Parl. 3d Sess., Parliament website, (last visited Oct. 19, 2010).) […]

Canada: Government Appeals Prostitution Ruling

(Oct. 13, 2010) The federal government of Canada has appealed the September 28, 2010, ruling of a judge of Ontario's Superior Court that struck down as unconstitutional three key provisions of the Criminal Code prohibiting activities related to prostitution. (Janice Tibbets, Ottawa to Appeal Ontario Court's Prostitution Ruling, National Post (Sept. 29, 2010), Justice […]

Canada: Toughest Drunk Driving Laws in Nation Go into Effect in British Columbia

(Sept. 22, 2010) On September 20, 2010, new statutory provisions came into force in the province of British Columbia that provide for the imposition of the stiffest penalties for driving while impaired in Canada. (The Motor Vehicle Act, R.S.B.C., ch. 318 (1996), available at, as amended by the Motor Vehicle Amendment Act, 2010, Bill […]

Bahamas: Government Launches New Effort to Stem Illegal Immigration

(Sept. 17, 2010) (last visited Sept. 14, 2010).) Nevertheless, the Bahamas' long-standing problem with illegal immigration has not abated over the past couple of years. The country is located near a number of jurisdictions that many persons have sought to flee, including Haiti and Cuba. Other persons have illegally entered the country from the […]

Bahamas: Government Defends Expedited Extradition of the “Barefoot Bandit”

(Aug. 10, 2010) The United States and the Bahamas are parties to an Extradition Treaty that became effective in 1994. (U.S. Department of State, TREATIES IN FORCE, (last visited Aug. 4, 2010).) Thus, when the teenage fugitive whose full name is Colton Harris-Moore, but who is more commonly known as the “Barefoot Bandit,” crashed […]

Ireland: EU Divorce Plan Rejected

(July 7, 2010) Ireland has declined to take part in a European Union plan for enhanced cooperation in divorce cases. The proposed scheme has been agreed upon by 14 Member States implementing, for the first time, rules contained in the Lisbon Treaty allowing core countries to proceed in an initiative without all Member States taking […]

American Samoa: Constitutional Convention to Consider Unicameral Legislature

(June 30, 2010) American Samoa is an unorganized territory of the United States that has a population of approximately 66,000 people and falls under the Administration of the Office of Insular Affairs in the Department of the Interior. (Central Intelligence Agency, American Samoa, THE WORLD FACTBOOK, (last visited June 28, 2010).) American Samoa has […]