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European Union: The Netherlands in Charge of EU Presidency

(Jan. 29, 2016) On January 1, 2016, the Netherlands took over the rotating Presidency of the Council of the European Union and will be in charge of the Council agenda for the next six months. (The Netherlands and the EU Presidency, Netherlands EU Presidency 2016 website (last visited Jan. 29, 2016).)  The 2009 Lisbon EU […]

European Union: Draft Directive on Collection and Transfer of Air Passenger Record Data

(Dec. 23, 2015) In the wake of the recent terrorist attacks in France, the issue of the collection of passenger name record (PNR) data from airlines and the transfer of that data to the appropriate national authorities of the Member States of the European Union has been revisited with a renewed sense of urgency. On […]

European Union: Proposals to Establish a New European Border and Coast Guard

(Dec. 18, 2015) On December 15, 2015, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a Regulation to Establish a European Border and Coast Guard (EBCG), designed to ensure shared European management of the external borders of the European Union. The proposal will establish a European Border and Coast Guard Agency (EBCGA), which will replace the […]

Court of Justice of the European Union; European Union: Challenges to Mandatory Plan to Relocate Refugees

(Dec. 14, 2015) Several of the European Union (EU) Members States, including the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, and Slovakia have been very critical of the EU’s recently adopted plan to distribute 120,000 refugees among all the EU Member States.  On September 9, 2015, the European Commission had adopted a proposal for the resettlement plan in […]

European Union: Schengen Area and Re-Introduction of Border Controls

(Dec. 8, 2015) On December 1, 2015, Luxembourg, which is at present holding the rotating Presidency of the European Council, invited the Council of the European Union to hold a debate on the functioning of the Schengen area and to discuss a number of issues that have been raised due to the unprecedented influx of […]

United Nations: Security Council Resolution on Terrorism in France

(Nov. 24, 2015) On November 20, 2015, in the wake of the recent terrorist attacks in France, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) unanimously adopted Resolution No. 2249/2015, in which it condemned the terrorist attacks of November 2015 in France committed by ISIL (Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant/Syria (ISIL or ISIS)), also known […]

Council of Europe: New Protocol on Foreign Fighters Opened for Signature

(Oct. 30, 2015) On October 22, 2015, a new Protocol on Foreign Terrorist Fighters was opened for signature for the states that have already become signatories to the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism. The Protocol was adopted by the Council of Ministers in May 2015. (Appendix: Additional Protocol to the Council […]

European Union/Turkey: Cooperation to Manage the Migrant Crisis

(Oct. 16, 2015) On October 4, 2015, the European Union and Turkey agreed on a Draft Action Plan to increase cooperation and coordinate their actions on the refugee crisis, and to reduce the huge flow of immigrants who enter the EU through Turkey. The Draft Action Plan contains short- and long-term measures to tackle the refugee crisis. Its twin objectives […]

Court of Justice of the European Union/Italy: Criminal Sanctions Imposed on Illegal Migrants Upheld

(Oct. 9, 2015) On October 1, 2015, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) issued a judgment in a case involving the legality of the imposition of a prison sentence on an expelled migrant, after his re-entry into Italy. (Judgment of the Court, Fourth Chamber, Case of C-290/14 (Oct. 1, 2015), EUROPA.) Facts  The […]

European Union: European Council’s Commitments to Refugee Crisis

(Sept. 30, 2015) On September 24, 2015, the European Council, composed of heads of state or of government, convened in Brussels, Belgium to discuss the unfolding migrant crisis in the European Union. (Press Release, European Council, Informal Meeting of EU Heads of State or Government on Migration, 23 September 2015 – Statement (Sept. 24, 2015).) […]