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Turkey: Minimum Wage Increase Proposed

(Nov. 17, 2015) It was reported on November 6, 2015, that Turkey’s minimum wage is expected to rise to TL1,300 (about US$451) per month, from the current TL1,000, at the beginning of 2016. Currently, there are about five million workers in Turkey who receive the minimum wage. In addition, employers that sign collective bargaining agreements […]

Norway: Ethics Body Votes in Favor of Allowing Transgender Males to Keep Ovaries

(Nov. 16, 2015) Under a new draft law on changing one’s legal status formulated by Norway’s Ministry of Health and Social Affairs, men who are born as women and women who are born as men who wish to change their legal gender would no longer have to undergo irreversible sterilization and castration to do so, […]

Netherlands: Tougher Penalties for Acts Involving Human Trafficking Proposed

(Nov. 7, 2015) The Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice has introduced legislation to tighten penalties against human traffickers. According to the Ministry, the aim of the measures, which would lengthen the applicable prison terms, “is to combat the degrading activities of these offenders more effectively” and “to do greater justice to the gravity of […]

Mongolia: Agenda for Autumn 2015 Session of Parliament

(Nov. 7, 2015) On September 20, 2015, the Chairman of the Great State Hural (Parliament), Zandaakhuu Enkhbold, gave a presentation on Mongolia’s economy to the American Chamber of Commerce in UlaanbaatarUlanbatar. Part of his remarks covered the fall agenda for the Great State Hural. Aside from what he termed “the usual suspects” – the 2016 […]

Mongolia: Amendment to Controversial Amnesty Law Adopted

(Nov. 7, 2015) On October 29, 2015, Mongolia’s Parliament, the State Great Khural, adopted an amendment to the country’s new Law on Amnesty. The amending law took effect the same day. As a result of the law’s adoption, some 1,700 citizens will be released from prison. (The State Great Khural Finally Adopts Amnesty Law, INFOMONGOLIA.COM (last […]

Hungary: New Law Permits Army’s Use of Non-Lethal Weapons Against Illegal Migrants

(Nov. 6, 2015) On September 21, 2015, the National Assembly of Hungary approved legislation that allows the country’s military to use non-lethal weapons against refugees when they enter Hungary illegally (Jacqueline Jones, Hungary Lawmakers Approve Use of Non-Lethal Weapons on Refugees, PAPER CHASE (Sept. 23, 2015).) Soldiers may use rubber bullets, tear gas, pyrotechnical devices, […]

Iran: Law on Nuclear Agreement Approved by Guardian Council

(Nov. 5, 2015) On October 14, 2015, the Guardian Council of the Islamic Republic of Iran determined that legislation passed by Iran’s Parliament (Majlis) the previous day, approving a multi-lateral nuclear agreement was consistent with the country’s Constitution and Islamic law. The agreement had been concluded with the United States and five other world powers […]

United Nations: Secretary General Calls for Greater Protection of Journalists’ Rights

(Nov. 5, 2015) On November 2, 2015, to mark the second International Day to End Impunity for Crimes Against Journalists, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon called for action against the killing of journalists with impunity, noting that “[m]ore than 700 journalists have been killed in the last decade – one every five days – simply […]

Finland: Administrative Opinion on Tax Treatment of Uber Drivers

(Oct. 23, 2015) The Finnish Tax Administration (Verohallinto) issued an opinion on October 15, 2015, on the provision by individual drivers of personal transportation services to customers by means of a mobile phone application, such as the services offered by Uber. The Tax Administration stressed that it is not authorized to determine whether such services […]

Nepal: New Constitution Approved

(Oct. 1, 2015) On September 16, 2015, the Constituent Assembly of Nepal approved a new Constitution for the country (Taylor Gillan, Protesters Gather in Response to Nepal Constitution, PAPER CHASE (Sept. 21, 2015); Constitution of Nepal – Final, Legislature Parliament of Nepal website [click on PDF link] (last visited Sept. 28, 2015) (in Nepali); Constitution […]