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Afghanistan: President Ghani Nominates First Female Supreme Court Justice

(June 26, 2015) Afghanistan’s President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani nominated the country’s first female justice to the Afghan Supreme Court in mid-June 2015. Anisa Rasouli, currently the head of the Juvenile Appeals Court, will become the first female Supreme Court justice in Afghanistan if she receives a vote of confidence from the lower house of the […]

Afghanistan: Steps Toward Ending Use of Children in the Military

(Aug. 6, 2014) According to a United Nations report, Afghanistan has endorsed a 15-article “Road Map Toward Compliance” for protecting children from military recruitment. This step follows the January 30, 2011, agreement between Afghanistan and the U.N., which was a commitment to protect children affected by war and prevent their recruitment into the armed forces. […]

Afghanistan: President Proposes Changes to Draft Criminal Procedure Law

(Feb. 27, 2014) On February 17, 2014, it was reported that Hamid Karzai, the President of Afghanistan, ordered that a controversial draft law on criminal procedure be changed. The provision under discussion is contained in article 26 of the proposed legislation, which would establish that relatives could not testify against each other in criminal cases. […]

Afghanistan: President Approves New Election Law

(Aug. 8, 2013) On July 20, 2013, Afghan President Hamid Karzai signed the second of two election laws governing presidential and provincial elections, reducing fears that the upcoming 2014 presidential and parliamentary elections might be delayed. (Afghan President Signs New Election Law, RADIO FREE EUROPE RADIO LIBERTY [RFERL] (July 20, 2013).) The two laws were […]

Afghanistan; Iran; Pakistan: Agreement to Halt Drug Traffic

(Nov. 30, 2011) On November 28, 2011, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) praised the three-way pact on drug smuggling signed by officials from Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iran on November 27. The agreement is designed to increase information sharing in the fight against the drug trade. Ninety percent of the opium in […]

Afghanistan; United Nations: Aid to Combat Corruption

(Aug. 25, 2010) The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is working to build up the justice system of Afghanistan, in order to fight corruption. UNODC has been cooperating with the Attorney-General's office in Afghanistan to create and put into effect a Code of Ethics and professional standards for prosecutors and to reform […]

Afghanistan: First Sentence for a Government Official Tied to Drug Trafficking

(Aug. 9, 2010) On August 3, 2010, the Primary Court of the Afghan Criminal Justice Task Force sentenced a former police chief to ten years in prison, in addition to fining him US$14,000 for his ties to drug traffickers. (Daniel Richey, Afghanistan Court Jails Top Government Official for Drug Trade Ties, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Aug. […]

Afghanistan: Appeals Court Upholds 20-Year Sentence for Koran Translators

(June 15, 2009) A court in Afghanistan sentenced two men to 20 years of imprisonment for modifying the Koran in their Dari-language translation of the religious book, sparing them the maximum punishment. An appeals court upheld the decision. The crime of modification of the Holy Quran is punishable by death. The defendants were Ahmad Ghaws […]

Afghanistan: New Law Places Restrictions on Women

(June 12, 2009) A controversial Afghan law that many Western analysts equate with legalizing rape was put into force after it received the approval of the Afghanistan Parliament (both the lower and upper house) and was signed into law by the President Hamid Karzai in March 2009. “The passage of the law has amounted to […]

Afghanistan: Law Restricts Women’s Rights

(Apr. 7, 2009) A law recently passed by both houses of Afghanistan's Parliament and signed by President Hamid Karzai but not yet published is reported to re-introduce restrictions on women's rights that were in place previously under the Taliban. The provisions are applicable to the Shi'a Muslim minority in the country that constitutes 10 to […]