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Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Authorizes Religious Education in Public Schools

(Oct. 6, 2017) On September 27, 2017, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) dismissed, by a majority vote (6 to 5), a Direct Action of Unconstitutionality (Ação Direta de Incosntitucionalidade, ADI)  in which the Public Prosecutor’s Office (Procuradoria-Geral da República, PGR) questioned the model of religious education in the country’s public school […]

Brazil: Registrar Offices Authorized to Issue ID Cards and Labor Cards

(Sept. 28, 2017) On September 26, 2017, Brazil enacted Law No. 13,484 to allow registrar offices (ofícios do registro civil das pessoas naturais) to issue ID Cards (carteiras de identidade) and Labor Cards (carteiras de trabalho) and to charge for this service.  (Lei No. 13,484, de 26 de Setembro de 2017, art. 1, PLANALTO.)  These […]

Brazil: Use of Dental Alloys Containing Mercury Prohibited in Brazil

(Sept. 27, 2017)   On September 15, 2017, the Brazilian Agency of Sanitary Surveillance (Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária, ANVISA) issued Resolution RDC No. 173, which prohibits the manufacture, import, and commercialization in the national territory, as well as the use in health services, of mercury and mercury powder for amalgam alloy in a non-encapsulated […]

Brazil: State Law Creates Register of Pedophile Offenders

(Aug. 9, 2017) On July 31, 2017, the Governor of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, in western Brazil, approved Law No. 5,038 on creating a State Register of Pedophiles within his state. (Cadastro Estadual de Pedófilos no âmbito do Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul). (Lei Estadual No. 5.038, de 31 de Julho […]

Brazil: New Law Reforms Labor Relations

(July 20, 2017) On July 13, 2017, Brazil enacted Law No. 13.467 (Lei No. 13.467, de 13 de Julho de 2017, PLANALTO), which amended the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Consolidação das Leis do Trabalho, Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943, PLANALTO) and other laws for the purpose of implementing a labor reform […]

Brazil: New Immigration Law Enacted

(June 8, 2017) Brazil promulgated on May 24, 2017, Law No. 13,445 a new migration law that provides for the rights and duties of migrants and visiting aliens, regulates their entry and stay in the country, and establishes principles and guidelines for public policies for emigrants.  (Lei No. 13.445, de 24 de Maio de 2017, […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Rules All Couples Have the Same Inheritance Rights

(May 17, 2017) In a ruling issued on May 10, 2017, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) determined that, for the purpose of inheritance rights, “stable unions” and marriages have the same legal value, providing partners in stable unions the same rights as those of  married persons.  (STF, Recurso Extraordinário (RE) 646721, […]

Brazil: New Law Enacted to Help Fight Pedophilia

(May 11, 2017) On May 8, 2017, Brazil amended its Statute of the Child and the Adolescent to include rules for police infiltration of the Internet for the purpose of curbing crimes of sexual exploitation involving children or adolescents. (Lei No. 13.441, de 8 de Maio de 2017 (Law No. 13,441), PLANALTO http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_Ato2015-2018/2017/Lei/L13441.htm; Estatuto da […]

Brazil: New Rules Prohibit the Use of Drones over Populated Areas

(May 10, 2017) On May 2, 2017, the National Civil Aviation Agency (Agência Nacional de Aviação Civil, ANAC) approved the Brazilian Regulation of Special Civil Aviation, which regulates the civil operation of remotely piloted aircraft, drones.  (Regulamento Brasileiro da Aviação Civil Especial, RBAC-E No. 94 (May 2, 2017), ANAC website.) According to the Regulation, drones […]

Brazil: New Document Will Gather All Citizen ID Information in One Place

(Apr. 28, 2017) On April 11, 2107, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a bill of law that creates the National Identification Document (Documento de Identificação Nacional).  The new ID will gather together in a single document biometric and civil data found in, e.g., the General Register, the driver’s license, the Individual Taxpayers Register, and voter […]