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Brazil: Civil Code Amended to Exclude Heirs Who Kill for Inheritance

(Nov. 21, 2017) On November 9, 2017, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved the bill of law No. 9/2017, which amends the Civil Code to allow the Public Prosecutor’s Office to request the withdrawal of inheritance rights from heirs who have been the perpetrators of intentional homicide or attempted murder against the person who left the […]

Brazil: New Rules Approved for Assisted Reproduction

(Nov. 20, 2017) The Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina, CFM) approved on November 9, 2017, Resolution No. 2.168, which updates the rules for the use of assisted reproduction techniques. (Resolução CFM No. 2.168/2017, DIÁRIO OFICIAL DA UNIÃO [OFFICIAL GAZETTE OF THE UNION] 73 (Nov. 10, 2017), CFM website; Reprodução Assistida: CFM Anuncia […]

Brazil: Domestic Violence Law Amended

(Nov. 16, 2017) On November 8, 2017, Brazil’s Parliament passed a new law to provide for the right of women in situations of domestic and family violence to have specialized, uninterrupted police and expert assistance.  The new provisions are in Law No. 13,505, which added articles 10-A, 12-A, and 12-B to Law No. 11,340 of August 7, 2006, […]

Brazil: Possession or Illegal Carrying of Firearms of Restricted Use Now a Heinous Crime

(Nov. 8, 2017) Last month Brazil enacted a law increasing penalties for firearms violations. On October 26, 2017, Law No. 13,497 amended Law No. 8,072, of July 25, 1990 to include the crime of possession or illegal carrying of firearms of restricted use in the list of “heinous crimes.”  (Lei No. 13497, de 26 de Outubro […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Authorizes Religious Education in Public Schools

(Oct. 6, 2017) On September 27, 2017, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) dismissed, by a majority vote (6 to 5), a Direct Action of Unconstitutionality (Ação Direta de Incosntitucionalidade, ADI)  in which the Public Prosecutor’s Office (Procuradoria-Geral da República, PGR) questioned the model of religious education in the country’s public school […]

Brazil: Registrar Offices Authorized to Issue ID Cards and Labor Cards

(Sept. 28, 2017) On September 26, 2017, Brazil enacted Law No. 13,484 to allow registrar offices (ofícios do registro civil das pessoas naturais) to issue ID Cards (carteiras de identidade) and Labor Cards (carteiras de trabalho) and to charge for this service.  (Lei No. 13,484, de 26 de Setembro de 2017, art. 1, PLANALTO.)  These […]

Brazil: Use of Dental Alloys Containing Mercury Prohibited in Brazil

(Sept. 27, 2017)   On September 15, 2017, the Brazilian Agency of Sanitary Surveillance (Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária, ANVISA) issued Resolution RDC No. 173, which prohibits the manufacture, import, and commercialization in the national territory, as well as the use in health services, of mercury and mercury powder for amalgam alloy in a non-encapsulated […]

Brazil: State Law Creates Register of Pedophile Offenders

(Aug. 9, 2017) On July 31, 2017, the Governor of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, in western Brazil, approved Law No. 5,038 on creating a State Register of Pedophiles within his state. (Cadastro Estadual de Pedófilos no âmbito do Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul). (Lei Estadual No. 5.038, de 31 de Julho […]

Brazil: New Law Reforms Labor Relations

(July 20, 2017) On July 13, 2017, Brazil enacted Law No. 13.467 (Lei No. 13.467, de 13 de Julho de 2017, PLANALTO), which amended the Consolidation of Labor Laws (Consolidação das Leis do Trabalho, Decreto-Lei No. 5.452, de 1 de Maio de 1943, PLANALTO) and other laws for the purpose of implementing a labor reform […]

Brazil: New Immigration Law Enacted

(June 8, 2017) Brazil promulgated on May 24, 2017, Law No. 13,445 a new migration law that provides for the rights and duties of migrants and visiting aliens, regulates their entry and stay in the country, and establishes principles and guidelines for public policies for emigrants.  (Lei No. 13.445, de 24 de Maio de 2017, […]