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Brazil: Ten People Arrested on Suspicion of Terrorism

(July 26, 2016) On July 21, 2016, the Brazilian Federal Police arrested ten Brazilian nationals based on the recently enacted anti-terrorism law. (Lei No. 13.260, de 16 de Março de 2016 [Law 13,260 of March 16, 2016], PLANALTO; Eduardo Soares, Brazil: New Anti-Terrorism Law Enacted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Apr. 15, 2016).) They are suspected of preparing […]

Brazil: National Indicted on Suspicion of Planning Terrorist Attack

(June 20, 2016) In June 2016, the Brazilian Federal Police indicted an individual suspected of planning a terrorist attack in the country for three crimes — incitement to crime, violation of the law against religious prejudice, and breach of the national security law. (Penal Code, Law No. 2,848 (Dec. 7, 1940), art. 286, PLANALTO; Law on […]

Brazil: Sale of Incandescent Light Bulbs Prohibited

(June 17, 2016) The sale in Brazil of incandescent light bulbs, either domestically-produced or imported, will no longer be permitted as of June 30, 2016, pursuant to Inter-Ministerial Administrative Act No. 1,007 of December 31, 2010. (Portaria Interministerial No. 1.007 de 31 de Dezembro de 2010, Ministry of Mines and Energy website; Sabrina Craide, Lâmpadas Incandescentes Não Serão Mais Vendidas no País […]

Brazil: Registration of Babies Born from In Vitro Fertilization or Surrogacy

(Apr. 28, 2016) On March 14, 2016, Brazil’s National Internal Affairs Office (Corregedoria Nacional de Justica, CNJ) published Act No. 52,  regulating the issuance of a birth certificate for children whose parents opted for reproductive techniques such as in vitro fertilization and “pregnancy by substitution” (barriga de aluguel), which is better known as “surrogacy.” (Provimento No. […]

Brazil: New Anti-Terrorism Law Enacted

(Apr. 15, 2016) On March 16, 2016, Brazil enacted Law No. 13,260 to regulate section XLIII of article 5 of the Constitution, on terrorism. (Lei No. 13.260, de 16 de Março de 2016, PLANALTO; Constituição Federal [C.F.] (1988, as amended through Feb. 18, 2016), PLANALTO.) Section XLIII states that the law will regard the practice of […]

Brazil: Mandatory Final Assessment Test for Medical Program Graduates

(Apr. 14, 2016) Starting in August 2016, students of medicine in Brazil will have to pass an evaluation exam to graduate from the six-year course of medical studies at the college level.  The requirement was created in 2013 by Law No. 12,871, which determines that a specific assessment of med students must be made every […]

Brazil: Import and Use of Marijuana-Based Medicine Products Authorized

(Mar. 28, 2016) On March 18, 2016, the Brazilian Health Surveillance Agency (Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária, ANVISA) enacted Collegiate Board Resolution No. 66 (Resolução da Diretoria Colegiada – RDC No. 66 de 18 de Março, D.O.U. No. 54, de 21 de Março de 2016), which was published in the country’s Official Gazette (Diário Oficial […]

Brazil: National Integrated Policy for Early Childhood Approved

(Mar. 15, 2016) On March 8, 2016, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 13,257 (Lei No. 13.257, de 8 de Março de 2016, PLANALTO (Mar. 8, 2016)), which establishes principles and guidelines for the preparation and implementation of public policies for early childhood.  The policies pay special attention to the relevance of the early […]

Brazil: Cell Phone Locking Process Simplified

(Mar. 15, 2016) The Brazilian National Agency of Telecommunications (Agência Nacional de Telecomunicações, ANATEL) announced new measures on March 8, 2016, to facilitate the locking of cell phones in case of loss, theft, or robbery.  The president of ANATEL was quoted as saying that the purpose of the measures is to eliminate the use of […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Changes Its Understanding of Enforcement of Sentences

(Mar. 11, 2016) On February 17, 2016, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal) ruled that requiring a defendant to start serving a sentence after an intermediate appellate court’s confirmation of a criminal conviction does not offend the constitutional principle of the defendant’s presumption of innocence. Minister Teori Zavascki, who wrote the opinion, held that an intermediate appellate […]