Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Brazil: Decree Eliminates Need for Visiting Visas for Nationals of Australia, Canada, United States and Japan

(Mar. 26, 2019) On March 16, 2019, Brazil enacted Decree No. 9,731 (Decreto No. 9.731, de 16 de Março de 2019), which unilaterally determines that nationals of the Commonwealth of Australia, Canada, the United States of America, and Japan who are holders of valid passports no longer need visiting visas. The Decree applies to those […]

Brazil: New Law Prohibits Marriage of Persons Under 16 Years of Age

(Mar. 22, 2019) On March 12, 2019, Brazil enacted legislation to prohibit underage persons from marrying. The new law—Law No. 13,811 (Lei No. 13.811, de 12 de Março de 2019, Presidency of the Republic website)—amends article 1,520 of the Civil Code to establish that only persons who have reached the age of marriage determined in […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Decides Homeschooling Not Allowed in Brazil

(Sept. 24, 2018) On September 12, 2018, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) denied an appeal requesting that homeschooling be considered a legitimate means for a family to fulfill its duty to provide education. (STF, Recurso Extraordinário (RE) 888815, STF website; STF Nega Recurso que Pedia Reconhecimento de Direito a Ensino Domiciliar, NOTÍCIAS […]

Brazil: National Labor Policy Within the Prison System Enacted

(July 26, 2018) On July 24, 2018, Brazil enacted Decree No. 9,450, which creates the National Labor Policy Within the Prison System (Política Nacional de Trabalho no âmbito do Sistema Prisional, PNAT) to allow persons deprived of their liberty and those who have left the prison system to more easily enter the work world and […]

Brazil: National Policy on Reading and Writing Enacted

(July 25, 2018) The first National Policy on Reading and Writing (Política Nacional de Leitura e Escrita) was established in Brazil on July 12, 2018, through the enactment of Law No. 13,696. (Lei No. 13.696, de 12 de Julho de 2018, Presidency of the Republic website.) The policy was instituted as a permanent strategy to […]

Brazil: State of Rio de Janeiro Enacts New Law for the Support of Victims of Rape

(July 11, 2018) The State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, has enacted a Law to create a program for the support of victims of rape in the state. According to article 2(§ 1) of Law No. 8,007 of June 26, 2018, the testimony of the female victim and the information collected in the health unit […]

Brazil: National Supervisory of Justice Authorizes Transgender Persons to Change Name and Gender at Civil Registries Without Judicial Approval

(July 11, 2018) On June 28, 2018, the National Supervisory of Justice (Corregedoria Nacional de Justiça) issued Administrative Act No. 73 (Provimento CNJ No. 73, de 28 de Junho de 2018, National Supervisory of Justice website), which provides in article 1 for registering the change of name and gender in the birth and marriage records […]

Brazil: National Council of Justice and Federal Council of Psychology Sign Protocol of Intentions to Help Victims of Violence

(July 11, 2018) On July 4, 2018, the President of the National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiça, CNJ) and the president of the Federal Council of Psychology (Conselho Federal de Psicologia, CFP) signed a protocol of intentions to give psychological assistance to women who have been subjected to domestic and family violence, as […]

Brazil: City of Rio de Janeiro Bans Plastic Straws

(July 10, 2018) On July 4, 2018, the mayor of the city of Rio de Janeiro sanctioned Law No 6,384, which bans plastic straws in the city. (Lei No. 6.384, de 4 de Julho de 2018, DIÁRIO OFICIAL ELETRÔNICO DO MUNICÍPIO DO RIO DE JANEIRO, No. 73, July 5, 2018, at 3.) Article 1 of […]