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Brazil: Requirements to Legalize Foreign Documents Will Soon Be Abolished

(Jan. 21, 2016) On January 18, 2016, the National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiça – CNJ) announced that it will be responsible for coordinating and regulating the application of the Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirements of Legalization for Foreign Public Documents (Apostille Convention) in Brazil. Brazil approved the text of the Apostille Convention […]

Brazil: Ministry of Foreign Affairs Publishes Brochure on Child Custody and International Abduction

(Jan. 20, 2016) On January 19, 2016, the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs published on its website a brochure (cartilha) on child custody, international abduction of children, and violence against women. (MINISTÉRIO DAS RELAÇÕES EXTERIORES, DISPUTA DE GUARDA E SUBTRAÇÃO INTERNACIONAL DE MENORES – ORIENTAÇÃO PARA OS PAIS, MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS CONSULAR PORTAL (last visited […]

Brazil: New Law Creates Program to Combat Bullying Nationwide

(Nov. 13, 2015) On November 6, 2015, Brazil’s legislature enacted Law No. 13,185 on the creation of a national program to combat systematic intimidation (bullying) (Programa de Combate à Intimidação Sistemática). (Lei No. 13.185, de 6 de Novembro de 2015, art. 1, PLANALTO.) Law No. 13,185 defines systematic intimidation (intimidação sistemática) as any act of […]

Brazil: Bar Association Publishes New Code of Ethics and Discipline

(Nov. 10, 2015) A new Code of Ethics and Discipline was published in Brazil’s Official Gazette (Diário Oficial da União) on November 4, 2015, by the Federal Council of the Brazilian Bar Association (Conselho Federal da Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil). (Código de Etica e Disciplina da Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil, Resolução No. 2, […]

Brazil: Decree Launches National Pact for Healthy Eating

(Nov. 10, 2015) On November 3, 2015, Brazil published Decree No. 8,353, which creates a National Pact for Healthy Eating (Pacto Nacional para Alimentação Saudável). The purpose of the Pact is to expand the supply, availability, and consumption of healthy foods and to combat overweight, obesity, and disease caused by a poor diet. (Decreto No. […]

Brazil: No Tourist Visa Required for Entry During 2016 Olympic Games

(Nov. 3, 2015) On October 28, 2015, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a law that waives the requirement for foreigners to have a tourist visa to enter the country during the Olympic Games, which will take place in Brazil in 2016. (Mariana Jungmann, Senado Aprova Dispensa de Visto para Turistas Durante Olimpíada de 2016, AGÊNCIA BRASIL […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Upholds Criminalization of Lewd Acts by Military

(Nov. 3, 2015) In a decision issued on October 28, 2015, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) upheld, but struck down portions of, article 235 of the Military Penal Code, which criminalizes the practice of lewd acts by members of the Armed Forces while carrying out their military activities and imposes a […]

Brazil: New Law Separates Inmates According to Their Crimes

(Oct. 21, 2015) On October 6, 2015, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 13,167, which amends article 84 of the current Prison Law to establish the criteria to be used for the separation of detainees in prisons according to the gravity of the crime committed. (Lei No. 13.167 de 6 de Outubro de 2015, […]

Brazil: Security Council Resolution on Terrorist Fighters Incorporated into Domestic Law

(Oct. 2, 2015) On September 28, 2015, Brazil enacted Decree No. 8,530, which determines that Resolution No. 2,178, on foreign terrorist fighters, adopted by the United Nations Security Council on September 24, 2014, must be executed and enforced in the country. (Decreto No. 8.530, de 28 de Setembro de 2015, PLANALTO; Resolution 2178 (2014), S/RES/2178 […]

Brazil: End of Age Limit for Assisted Fertilization

(Sept. 24, 2015) On September 22, 2015, the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine (Conselho Federal de Medicina, CFM), issued Resolution No. 2,121/2015 on, inter alia, eliminating the need by women over 50 years of age to obtain the consent of a medical association in order to use assisted reproduction techniques in order to become pregnant. (Mulheres […]