Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Chile: New Foreign Investment Law Enacted

(June 23, 2015) On June 16, 2015, Chile enacted Law 20,780, on foreign investment. The law originated as Bill 9899-05 and was sent to the legislature by the administration on January 30, 2015. The new legislation replaces the statute on foreign investment enacted as Decree Law 600 of 1974, which will be abolished as of […]

Chile: Congress Approves Civil Unions Legislation

(Feb. 25, 2015) On January 28, 2015, both houses of Chile’s Congress approved legislation that would allow same-sex and heterosexual couples to enter into civil unions, called Acuerdos de Unión Civil (AUC). The draft law is now awaiting President Michele Bachelet’s signature for promulgation. (Pablo Cádiz, Proyecto de Unión Civil Finaliza Su Trámite Legislativo y […]

Bolivia; Chile; International Court of Justice: Access to the Sea Case

(Apr. 25, 2014) On April 15, 2014, Bolivia submitted to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a memorandum with arguments supporting its lawsuit filed against Chile for the purpose of reclaiming access to the Pacific Ocean. Bolivia lost that access to the coast in a 19th-century war with Chile, leaving it landlocked. Chile has stated […]

Chile; Colombia; Mexico; Peru: Trade Protocol Signed

(Feb. 18, 2014) The President of Mexico, Enrique Peña Nieto, with his counterparts the Presidents of Colombia, Chile, and Peru, signed an Additional Protocol to the Framework Agreement for the Pacific Alliance. The signing took place on February 10, 2014, at the closing ceremony of the 8th Pacific Alliance Summit, held in Cartagena de Indias, […]

Chile: Disqualifications for Individuals Convicted of Sex Crimes Against Minors

(Aug. 27, 2012) On June 13, 2012, Law 20594 was passed to amend the Criminal Code to include disqualifications for individuals convicted of sexual crimes against minors. (Ley 20594 Crea Inhabilidades para Condenados por Delitos Sexuales Contra Menores y Establece Registro de Dichas Inhabilidades [Law 20594 Creating Disqualifications for Individuals Convicted of Sexual Crimes Against […]

Chile: New Law Creates Environmental Courts

(Aug. 1, 2012) On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to prosecute environmental violations. (Law 20600 Creating Environmental Courts (June 18, 2012), DIARIO OFICIAL (July 28, 2012), Bibloteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile website.) The law creates […]

Chile: Proposed Changes to the Penal Code to Increase the Sanction against Public Unrest

(Oct. 11, 2011) On October 2, 2011, President Sebastián Pinera of Chile submitted a proposal to amend the Penal Code (CP) (Código Penal, Aug, 12, 1874, updated as of Aug. 13, 2011, Biblioteca del Congress website) to the Chilean Congress. The proposal would add the crime of sacking and looting and increase the sanction applicable […]

Chile: Congress Approves Draft Legislation to Combat Bullying in Schools

(Sept. 21, 2011) On September 7, 2011, Chile's Congress approved draft legislation (Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile (BCN) site (Sept. 7, 2011)) that would amend the General Law on Education (GLE) (Ley 20370, amended by Decreto con Fuerza de Ley No. 2, July 2, 2010, BCN) to establish clear definitions, procedures, and penalties for […]

Chile: Supreme Court of Justice Decision Disallows Additional Severance Payments for Teachers in Private Sector

(July 30, 2010) Chile's Labor Code was amended on March 29, 2008, to include provisions establishing that final trial decisions in labor cases may be challenged exclusively by the annulment recourse. The recourse, which suspends application of the trial decision, is decided by an appellate court. In general, no further appeal is allowed against the […]

Argentina; Chile: Integration Treaty Enters into Force

(Feb. 18, 2010) The Treaty of Maipú for Integration and Cooperation, designed to revive and update the Peace and Friendship Treaty signed between Argentina and Chile in 1984 but never fully implemented, was signed by representatives of the two countries on October 30, 2009, and entered into force on January 22, 2010. The purpose of […]