Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

China: Extremism in Recent Legislation

(Jan. 12, 2016) “Extremism” used to be more a politicized notion appearing in government instruments than a precisely defined legal term under the laws of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Recently, however, the term has been addressed in a series of laws: first, the new National Security Law contains an article with the general declaration that the state […]

China: Two Child Policy Becomes Law

(Jan. 8, 2016) On December 27, 2015, the Standing Committee of China’s National People’s Congress (NPC) adopted a decision amending the Population and Family Planning Law. Effective January 1, 2016, the “two child policy” became law applicable nationwide. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Renkou yu Jihua Shengyu Fa [People’s Republic of China Population and Family Planning Law] (2015 […]

China: Two-Child Policy and Law

(Nov. 5, 2015) On October 29, 2015, the official Xinhua News Agency of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) released the Communique of the Fifth Plenary Session of the Communist Party of China (CPC) 18th Central Committee. According to the Communique, China will end its decades-long “one child policy,” and all married couples will be allowed to have two children. (Zhongguo […]

Permanent Court of Arbitration/China/Philippines: Plan to Consider South China Sea Dispute

(Nov. 4, 2015) On October 29, 2015, the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), located in The Hague, issued an Award on Jurisdiction and Admissibility to hear the dispute brought before it by the Philippines against China concerning rights over contested areas in the South China Sea. The central issue in the case, according to the […]

China: Death Penalty Crimes to Be Further Reduced

(Sept. 22, 2015) On August 29, 2015, the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) adopted the Ninth Amendment to the PRC Criminal Law. The 52-article Ninth Amendment will take effect on November 1, 2015. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Xingfa Xiuzheng An (Jiu) [Amendment to the PRC Criminal Law […]

China: Measures on Copyright Administrative Penalties to Be Revised

(Sept. 15, 2015) The National Copyright Administration of the People’s Republic of China (NCAC) is considering a revision to the Measures for the Implementation of Copyright Administrative Penalties. A copy of the proposed new Measures was published on September 8, 2015, for solicitation of public opinions and comments. The review period will expire on September […]

China: Restrictions Eased on Foreign Investment in Real Estate Market

(Sept. 9, 2015) On August 19, 2015, China released the Notice of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MOHURD) and Other Departments on Amending the Policies Concerning Access by and Administration of Foreign Investment in the Real Estate Market . (Zhufang Chengxiang Jianshe Bu Deng Bumen Guanyu Tiaozheng Fangdichan Shichang Waizi Zhunru he Guanli […]

China: Prior Approval No Longer Needed for Certain Forms of Tax Benefits

(Aug. 28, 2015) On August 18, 2015, China’s State Administration of Taxation (SAT) issued an announcement to publicize 22 tax-related matters, listed in an appendix, for which prior SAT approval is no longer required. (Ying Zhang, China (People’s Rep.): Prior Approval for 22 Tax-Related Items Abolished, TAX NEWS SERVICE (Aug. 24, 2015), International Bureau of […]

China: Cybersecurity Provisions in Proposed or Recently Passed Laws

(Aug. 25, 2015) China’s legislature is considering passage of a comprehensive cybersecurity law. The proposed law on counterterrorism and two other recently passed laws also contain notable cybersecurity provisions. Some of the key features of the provisions are outlined below. The telecommunications regulations governing telecommunications companies (including Internet service providers (ISPs)), which were amended in […]

China: Government Officials to Take Constitutional Oath

(July 27, 2015) On July 1, 2015, the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) adopted a decision requiring government officials to pledge allegiance to the PRC Constitution upon taking office. (Quanguo Renmin Dabiao Dahui Changwu Weiyuanhui Guanyu Shixing Xianfa Xuanshi Zhidu de Jueding [Decision of the […]