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European Union: Measures Adopted Following Brexit

(Aug. 8, 2016) Within days following the United Kingdom’s referendum vote of June 23, 2016, to withdraw from the European Union, the EU’s three main decision-making institutions — the Parliament, the Commission, and the Council — took actions in response, such as calling on the United Kingdom to start negotiations to leave the EU by triggering the withdrawal mechanism stipulated in […]

European Union: The Netherlands in Charge of EU Presidency

(Jan. 29, 2016) On January 1, 2016, the Netherlands took over the rotating Presidency of the Council of the European Union and will be in charge of the Council agenda for the next six months. (The Netherlands and the EU Presidency, Netherlands EU Presidency 2016 website (last visited Jan. 29, 2016).)  The 2009 Lisbon EU […]

European Union: Draft Directive on Collection and Transfer of Air Passenger Record Data

(Dec. 23, 2015) In the wake of the recent terrorist attacks in France, the issue of the collection of passenger name record (PNR) data from airlines and the transfer of that data to the appropriate national authorities of the Member States of the European Union has been revisited with a renewed sense of urgency. On […]

European Union: Proposals to Establish a New European Border and Coast Guard

(Dec. 18, 2015) On December 15, 2015, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a Regulation to Establish a European Border and Coast Guard (EBCG), designed to ensure shared European management of the external borders of the European Union. The proposal will establish a European Border and Coast Guard Agency (EBCGA), which will replace the […]

Court of Justice of the European Union; European Union: Challenges to Mandatory Plan to Relocate Refugees

(Dec. 14, 2015) Several of the European Union (EU) Members States, including the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, and Slovakia have been very critical of the EU’s recently adopted plan to distribute 120,000 refugees among all the EU Member States.  On September 9, 2015, the European Commission had adopted a proposal for the resettlement plan in […]

European Union: Schengen Area and Re-Introduction of Border Controls

(Dec. 8, 2015) On December 1, 2015, Luxembourg, which is at present holding the rotating Presidency of the European Council, invited the Council of the European Union to hold a debate on the functioning of the Schengen area and to discuss a number of issues that have been raised due to the unprecedented influx of […]

Iceland/European Union: Reduction in Import Duties, Increase in Quotas for Agricultural Products

(Oct. 20, 2015) On September 17, 2015, Iceland’s government and the European Union agreed on new terms for agricultural trade. (Press Release, EU and Iceland Strike Deal to Protect Geographical Indications and Enhance Trade for Agricultural and Food Products (Sept. 18, 2015) EUROPA.) Under the new agreement, Iceland will reduce the tariffs on agricultural products […]

European Union/Turkey: Cooperation to Manage the Migrant Crisis

(Oct. 16, 2015) On October 4, 2015, the European Union and Turkey agreed on a Draft Action Plan to increase cooperation and coordinate their actions on the refugee crisis, and to reduce the huge flow of immigrants who enter the EU through Turkey. The Draft Action Plan contains short- and long-term measures to tackle the refugee crisis. Its twin objectives […]

European Union: European Council’s Commitments to Refugee Crisis

(Sept. 30, 2015) On September 24, 2015, the European Council, composed of heads of state or of government, convened in Brussels, Belgium to discuss the unfolding migrant crisis in the European Union. (Press Release, European Council, Informal Meeting of EU Heads of State or Government on Migration, 23 September 2015 – Statement (Sept. 24, 2015).) […]

European Union: Commission Adopts New Measures to Respond to Refugee Crisis

(Sept. 30, 2015) On September 9, 2015, the European Commission adopted a Communication that contains short- and long-term measures to address the current migrant crisis, to assist countries of entry through the creation of “hotspots,” and to address the root causes of irregular migration. The concrete operational, budgetary, and legal proposals are all annexed to […]