Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

France: Government Adopts Law Declaring and Defining a ‘State of Health Emergency’

(Mar. 30, 2020) On March 23, 2020, the French government adopted a law allowing the executive branch to declare a state of emergency for health-related crises. This law adds several provisions to the nation’s Public Health Code, allowing the executive to declare a “state of health emergency” (état d’urgence sanitaire) in all or part of […]

France: New Anti-waste Law Adopted

(Mar. 20, 2020) On February 10, 2020, French President Emmanuel Macron signed into law Loi n° 2020-105 relative à la lutte contre le gaspillage et à l’économie circulaire (Law No. 2020-105 Regarding a Circular Economy and the Fight Against Waste). This law aims to help change the French society model “from a linear economy to […]

France: Government Imposes Confinement Measures to Stem Spread of Coronavirus

(Mar. 18, 2020) On Monday, March 16, 2020, President Emmanuel Macron addressed the French nation in a televised speech to announce new measures to curtail the spread of the coronavirus epidemic. The most drastic measure, which was put into effect by a decree of the same date, is mandatory home confinement. Beginning at noon on […]

France: Watchdog Agency Fines Apple for Deceitful Practice

(Feb. 28, 2020) On February 7, 2020, a French consumer protection agency fined Apple for 25 million euros (approximately US$27.4 million) for failing to inform consumers that updating the iPhone’s operating system may cause some older models to slow down. The Direction générale de la concurrence, de la consommation et de la répression des fraudes […]

France: European Court of Human Rights Finds France in Violation of European Human Rights Convention Due to Overcrowded Prisons

(Feb. 26, 2020) On January 30, 2020, the European Court of Human Rights (E.C.H.R.) found that France was in violation of the European Convention of Human Rights because of poor conditions of detention in several prisons. The decision in J.M.B. and Others v. France was in response to petitions brought by 32 inmates of several […]

France: European Court of Human Rights Upholds French Refusal to Transfer Deceased Man’s Sperm Abroad for Medically Assisted Reproduction

(Jan. 31, 2020) In a decision issued on November 12, 2019, the European Court of Human Rights denied the petition of Dominique Petithory Lanzmann to allow the transfer of her deceased son’s sperm to a fertility clinic in Israel so that it may be used to conceive children. The petitioner is a French citizen and […]

France: Parliament Repeals Obsolete Laws

(Jan. 30, 2020) On December 11, 2019, the French President signed into law Loi n° 2019-1332 tendant à améliorer la lisibilité du droit par l’abrogation de lois obsolètes [Law No. 2019-1332 for the Improvement of the Comprehensibility of the Law by the Abrogation of Obsolete Laws]. This Law aims to make French law easier to […]

France: Council of State Rules a Law May Prohibit Something Without Providing a Criminal Sanction

(Dec. 16, 2019) The Conseil d’Etat (Council of State), France’s highest jurisdiction for matters of administrative law, ruled on October 24, 2019, that a law may prohibit a behavior without providing the particular remedy of a penal sanction. At the center of this case is a 2005 law, Loi n° 2005-158 du 23 février 2005 […]

France: Law on Energy and Climate Adopted

(Dec. 4, 2019) On November 8, 2019, the French president signed Loi n° 2019-1147 du 8 novembre 2019 relative à l’énergie et au climat (Law No. 2019-1147 of 8 November 2019 Regarding Energy and Climate). This law was adopted as part of France’s commitment to the 2015 Paris Agreement to address climate change, and seeks […]

France: European Court Finds France in Violation of Air Quality Rules

(Nov. 25, 2019) The Court of Justice of the European Union (EU) ruled on October 24, 2019, that France has “systematically and persistently exceeded the annual limit value for nitrogen dioxide since 1 January 2010.” This decision was taken on the basis of three European directives: Council Directive 96/62/EC of 27 September 1996 on ambient […]