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Iran: Law on Nuclear Agreement Approved by Guardian Council

(Nov. 5, 2015) On October 14, 2015, the Guardian Council of the Islamic Republic of Iran determined that legislation passed by Iran’s Parliament (Majlis) the previous day, approving a multi-lateral nuclear agreement was consistent with the country’s Constitution and Islamic law. The agreement had been concluded with the United States and five other world powers […]

Iran: UN Calls for Halt of Executions

(Oct. 16, 2012) On October 12, 2012, three U.N.Special Rapporteurs, Ahmed Shaheed, Christof Heyns, and Juan E. Méndez, whose focus is on Iran, extrajudicial executions, and torture, respectively, called on Iran to halt all executions. They particularly condemned the 11 executions scheduled for October 13. (Press Release, U.N. Office of the High Commissioner for Human […]

Iran: Criticism of Newly Proposed Budget

(Mar. 21, 2012) Iran's Parliamentary Research Center recently put forward three major criticisms of the government's budget bill for the upcoming year (1391/Mar. 20, 2012-Mar. 20, 2013), in addition to its previous critical assessment of numerous aspects of the bill in the form of 26 separate reports submitted to the Majles (Parliament), seeking that the […]

Afghanistan; Iran; Pakistan: Agreement to Halt Drug Traffic

(Nov. 30, 2011) On November 28, 2011, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) praised the three-way pact on drug smuggling signed by officials from Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iran on November 27. The agreement is designed to increase information sharing in the fight against the drug trade. Ninety percent of the opium in […]

Iran: Prominent Human Rights Lawyer Sentenced to Nine Years in Prison

(July 20, 2011) On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of “actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime” and banned for ten years from practicing law and university teaching. According to one account, he has also […]

Iran: Anti-Money Laundering Guidelines Issued for Credit Institutions

(June 2, 2011) It was reported on May 17, 2011, that the Central Bank of Iran (Bank-e Markazi) has adopted ten guidelines that will be used to restructure banking with a view to combating money laundering and preventing the financing of terrorism. The Central Bank indicated that the new rules are also aimed at “making […]

Iran: Journalist Released on Bail

(Sept. 16, 2010) Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of “warring against God” (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the exiled organization People's Mujahedeen of Iran, and disturbing public order. Recently a judge from Branch 26 […]

Iran: Nuclear Protection Achievement Bill Adopted into Law to Retaliate Against Foreign Sanctions

(July 16, 2010) It was reported on July 8, 2010, that in order to protect the country's national interests, the Majlis (Iran's Parliament) had adopted a law to retaliate against foreign unilateral sanctions and in response to a United Nations sanctions resolution, ratified by the U.N. Security Council on June 9, 2010, that also permits […]

Iran: House of Representatives Approves First Reading of Bill on “Enjoining Doing Right and Forbidding Doing Wrong”

(July 1, 2010) The trend in Iranian legislation under the current government is to return to Quranic roots and interpret religious norms through legislation. Thus, for example, according to article 8 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, as amended in July 1989: In the Islamic Republic of Iran, to enjoin doing good […]

Iran: Role of Mahr in Two Cases

(June 21, 2010) Under Islamic law, one of the requirements of a marriage contract is that the man has to make a gift of money or property to the woman; this gift is called mahr. This condition is incorporated in the Iranian Civil Law, but it is not a requirement under that code, as a […]