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Iran: New Women’s Inheritance Law Is Enforced

(May 15, 2009) The Iranian government has begun implementing controversial legislation that allows women to inherit all forms of their husband's property. According to Article 946 of the Civil Code of Iran, which is based on Islamic law, the “[h]usband inherits all the property of the deceased wife, but the wife of a deceased husband […]

Iran: Bill on Trial of War Criminals

(May 15, 2009) The Iranian government's cabinet approved a bill to launch investigations into alleged war crimes and prosecute war criminals in any part of the world. The bill will be sent to the House for ratification. The bill will become a law after an endorsement by the Guardian Council. The measure was taken following […]

Iran: Tax Exemption Ceiling for Civil Servants Raised

(Apr. 14, 2009) It was reported on April 8, 2009, that Iran's Taxation Department has raised the tax exemption ceiling to about five million tomans per month for civil servants, judges, and academic members of universities and institutes of higher education and research (1,000 tomans is about US$1). The salaries of such taxpayers will be […]

Iran: Stoning-to-Death Conviction of Two Sisters Overturned

(Mar. 27, 2009) Supported by a video tape as the main evidence, along with complaints lodged by their husbands, two women were tried at the first criminal court in Tehran, found guilty of adultery, and sentenced to death by stoning. Under intense pressure and the objections of domestic and international human rights organizations, the head […]

Iran: Eight Women, One Man Are Awaiting Stoning to Death

(Sept. 5, 2008) Under Iran's Islamic criminal law (article 83), stoning to death is the punishment for the following acts: 1- Adultery committed by a married man. A married man is a man who has a “permanent” wife and, while of sane mind, has had sexual intercourse with her and may have sexual intercourse with […]

Iran: Iran Bans Execution in Public

(Mar. 2, 2008) According to a directive issued by Iran's Chief of the Judiciary, no convicted criminal may be executed in public without the prior approval of the Head of the Judiciary, based on social requirements. The directive forbids publication of the photos of the execution procedure in the mass media. Public and Revolutionary prosecutors […]

Iran: New Law Punishes Illegal Audiovisual Activities

(Mar. 2, 2008) The Iranian Islamic House (Majlisi Showra'i Islami Iran) passed a law on January 16, 2008, on the punishment of those involved in illegal audiovisual activities. According to article 1 of the law, any legal entity or individual that engages in introducing illegal audiovisual products as legal or undermines the rights of the […]

Iran: Judiciary High Council Bans Judges from Membership in Political Parties

(Mar. 2, 2008) A directive issued by the Judiciary High Council of Iran in late 2007 states that, for the purpose of ensuring neutrality in the performance of judicial duties and meeting the highest standards of ethics, judges are banned from membership in any political parties and related organizations. The directive stresses that judges are […]

Iran: President Returns a Law Passed by the House as Unconstitutional

(Feb. 2, 2008) Dr. Haddad A'adel, Speaker of the Islamic Consultative Assembly (House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran), made the following statement at a recent meeting of the Assembly: "Dr. Ahmadi Nijad has, in recent months and weeks, expressed his dissatisfaction over certain House enactments, inter alia, a law passed regarding the […]