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Japan: Supreme Court Rules GPS-Based Investigation Requires Warrant

(Mar. 21, 2017) On March 15, 2017, the Supreme Court of Japan issued a judgment in a theft case that involved a police investigation using global positioning system (GPS) terminals they attached to the suspects’ cars; the investigation was conducted without warrants.  (Heisei 28 (a) 442 (S. Ct., Mar. 15, 2017), Courts of Japan (in Japanese).)  […]

Japan: Sex Crime Law to Be Amended

(Mar. 16, 2017) The Cabinet submitted a bill to the Diet, Japan’s parliament, on March 7, 2017, on amending a part of the Penal Code. (Bill Status Information, Cabinet Bill 47 of 193rd Diet Session, House of Representatives, Japan, website (in Japanese).) Former Minister of Justice Midori Matsushima had initiated the discussion of the amendment in […]

Japan: Undertaking by Non-Attorneys of Requests to Delete Online Content Can Constitute Legal Representation

(Feb. 24, 2017) Under the Attorney Act, legal assistance from non-lawyers is restricted in Japan, as it is in most jurisdictions. (Attorney Act, Act No. 205 of 1949, as amended by Act No. 87 of 2005, art. 72, translated in JAPANESE LAW TRANSLATION.) According to news articles, on February 20, 2017, the Tokyo District Court […]

Japan: Adoption of Grandchild in Order to Save on Inheritance Tax Can Be Valid

(Feb. 23, 2017) Japan’s Supreme Court decided, on January 31, 2017, that adoption of a grandchild can be valid even if the main purpose of the adoption is to save part of the heirs’ inheritance tax upon the grandparent’s death.  (Heisei 28 (ju) 1255, S. Ct. (Jan. 31, 2017), COURTS IN JAPAN (click on the […]

Japan: Google Does Not Have to Delete Search Results Related to Arrest

(Feb. 21, 2017) On January 31, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court rejected a petitioner’s demand that Google remove web search results that show reports of his arrest for child prostitution in 2011. (Heisei 28 (Kyo) 45 (S. Ct., Jan. 31, 2017), COURTS IN JAPAN (click Chinese characters beside the pdf icon).) The petitioner in the case claimed […]

Japan: Act on Promotion of Use of Bicycles

(Feb. 16, 2017) The Act on Promotion of the Use of Bicycles was promulgated on December 16, 2016.  (Act No. 113 of 2016, KANPO, Extra Ed. No. 278 (Dec. 16, 2016) at 38 (in Japanese).)  The Act will be effective within six months of the promulgation date.  (Id. Supp. Provisions, art. 1.)  This is the […]

Japan: Merchants to Be Required to Have IC Chip Readers for Credit Cards

(Jan. 18, 2017) An amendment to Japan’s Installment Sales Act (Act No. 159 of 1961) was promulgated on December 9, 2016. (Act to Amend the Installment Sales Act, Act No. 99 of 2016, KANPO Extra Edition No. 273 (Dec. 9, 2016), at 3, KANPO website (in Japanese).)  The amendment aims to enhance credit card security. […]

Japan: Foreign Caregivers Will Soon Be Able to Work in Japan

(Dec. 27, 2016) An amendment to the Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Act (Immigration Control Act) and a new law, the Act on Adjustment of Technical Training of Foreigners and Foreign Technical Trainees’ Protection (Technical Training Act), were promulgated in Japan on November 28, 2016. (Acts No. 88 & 89 of 2016, KANPO, Extra Edition […]

Japan: Two Outer Space-Related Laws Enacted

(Dec. 19, 2016) Two outer space-related laws were promulgated in Japan’s official gazette on November 16, 2016: the Act on Launching Artificial Satellites and Managing Satellites (Satellite Act, Act No. 76 of 2016) and the Act on Securing Proper Handling of Satellite Remote Sensing Records (Remote Sensing Records Act, Act No.77 of 2016).  (Texts of […]

Japan: Act to Secure Education for Emotionally Challenged Children

(Dec. 14, 2016) The Act on Securing Opportunities for Education Equivalent to Ordinary Education During the Ages of Mandatory Education was passed by the Diet (Japan’s parliament) and promulgated on December 14, 2016.  (Kanpo, Extra No. 276, at 13 (Dec. 14, 2016) (in Japanese).)   Based on the Act, the government will support “free schools” that […]