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Japan: Bar Association Guidelines for Defense Counsel in Death Penalty Cases

(Nov. 27, 2015) The Japan Federation of Bar Associations (JFBA) created Guidelines for Defense Counsel in Death Penalty Cases and sent them to local bar associations throughout Japan in October 2015. (Guidelines Exclusively for Capital Defense, JFBA “Special Defense Required,” NIKKEI (Oct. 19, 2015) (in Japanese).) The guidelines are modeled after the American Bar Association […]

Japan: New Wine Labeling Regulation

(Nov. 4, 2015) Japan did not previously have regulations on the labeling of wine made from grapes, except for the industry’s own regulations. As more wine is drunk in Japan and more domestic manufacturers make wines, clearer regulations have been sought by consumers. (Alcohol Tax Division, 16th Meeting Minutes (June 17, 2015), National Tax Council […]

Japan: Current State of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Regulation

(Oct. 6, 2015) When a small drone was discovered on the roof of the Japanese Prime Minister’s office building in Tokyo on April 22, 2015, there was no effective regulation in place to prohibit the act of flying such a device. (UPDATE: Radiation Detected on Drone Found on Roof of Prime Minister’s Office, ASAHI SHIMBUN […]

Japan: Active Volcanoes Special Measures Act Amended

(Sept. 11, 2015) In September 2014, Mt. Ontake, located in central Japan, erupted and resulted in the loss of 57 lives. (Mount Ontake Volcanic Eruption, NHK World (Oct. 27, 2014).) Experts called for improved measures for managing government reactions to eruptions. (Id.) In response, the government discussed enhanced countermeasures. (Disaster Management in Japan, Cabinet Office […]

Japan: Regulation of Heat Supply Business Relaxed

(Aug. 19, 2015) To reform energy-related businesses in Japan, several laws were amended and promulgated on June 24, 2015. (Act Amending Electricity Business Act and Others, Act No. 47 of 2015, text of the bill that was enacted without change, House of Representatives website (in Japanese).) One of the amended laws is the Heat Supply […]

Japan: Voting Age Lowered from 20 to 18

(June 24, 2015) The Public Office Election Law was amended by Japan’s legislature and promulgated on June 19, 2015 (Act No. 43 of 2015, text of the bill, House of Representatives website (in Japanese)). The amendment lowers the voting age from 20 to 18 years of age. The amended Law will be effective one year […]

Japan: Horse Racing Act Amended

(June 16, 2015) Japan’s amended Horse Racing Act was promulgated on May 7, 2015. (Horse Racing Act, Act No. 158 of 1948 (amended by Act No. 18 of 2015), text of amendment bill, The House of Representatives website (in Japanese).) When the amendment becomes effective within six months of its promulgation, the Minister of Agriculture […]

Japan: Supreme Court Limits Responsibility of Parents

(June 12, 2015) Japan’s Supreme Court ruled on April 9, 2015, that the parents of a boy were not liable for a motorcycle accident caused by a soccer ball that was kicked out of the school grounds onto a street by their son. (Heise 24 (ju) 1948 (S. Ct., 1st petite bench, Apr. 9, 2015) […]

Japan: Flood Prevention and Sewerage Service Acts Amended

(June 11, 2015) Flood damage cost 410 billion yen (about US$ 3.3 billion) in Japan in 2013. (Press Release, On the 2013 Total Cost of Flood Damage (Mar. 27, 2015), Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT) (in Japanese).) Under the current Flood Prevention Act (Act No. 193 of 1949, amended by Act No. […]