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Japan: Emperor Akihito Announces Intention to Abdicate

(July 14, 2016) It was reported on July 13, 2016, that Emperor Akihito of Japan intends to abdicate the throne in favor of his first son, Crown Prince Naruhito.  (Emperor Expressed His Intention to ‘Abdicate,’ NHK News Web (July 13, 2016) (in Japanese).)  As there is no provision on abdication in the Imperial House Act, […]

Japan: New Law on Preservation of Remote Island Areas

(June 20, 2016) The Act on Preservation of Areas of Remote, Inhabited Islands Establishing Territorial Seas and Maintenance of Local Societies on Areas of Specified Remote, Inhabited Islands Establishing Territorial Seas (Act on Preserving Remote Island Areas) was promulgated by Japan on April 27, 2016. (Act No. 33 of 2016, KANPOU [OFFICIAL GAZETTE].)  It will be […]

Japan: Cyber Security Basic Act & Information Processing Promotion Act Amended

(June 15, 2016) In order to enhance the nation’s cybersecurity, in November 2014 the Diet (Japan’s parliament) adopted the Cybersecurity Basic Act (Act No. 104 of 2014).  (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Cybersecurity Basic Act Adopted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Dec. 10, 2014).)  An amendment to the Act was promulgated on April 22, 2016.  The Act on Promotion […]

Japan: Act to Promote the Collection of War Dead Remains Passed

(June 13, 2016) The Act on Promotion of Collection of Remains of War Dead was promulgated in Japan on March 30, 2016, and became effective on April 1, 2016.  (Act No. 12 of 2016, Official Gazette website (in Japanese).) The new Act states that collection of the war dead’s remains is the state’s obligation, and […]

Japan: Basic Act on Suicide Prevention Amended

(June 7, 2016) Japan’s Basic Act on Suicide Prevention was amended on March 30, 2016; the amendment act became effective on April 1, 2016. (Act to Amend Basic Act on Suicide Prevention, Act No. 11 of 2016.) The amended Act obligates municipalities, in addition to prefecture governments, to establish suicide prevention plans. (Act on Suicide […]

Japan: Supreme Court Ruling on Liability of Kin of Elderly with Dementia

(Apr. 26, 2016) On March 1, 2016, Japan’s Supreme Court ruled on the liability of the family of a dementia sufferer who was struck and killed by a train to pay damages to the Central Japan Railway Company.  (2014(Ju)1434 (S. Ct., 3rd petty bench, Mar. 1, 2016), COURTS IN JAPAN (click pdf icon to view) (in […]

Japan: Baseball Player Arrested After Two Bullets Found in Bag

(Apr. 4, 2016) Former Major League Baseball player Yamaico Navarro, who currently plays for Japan’s Lotte Marines, was arrested on February 21, 2016, at an airport in Japan for possession of two bullets in his luggage. The bullets were discovered in his shoulder bag during a security check at the airport in Okinawa. (Yamaico Navarro […]

Japan: New Instructions Allow Women to Remarry 100 Days After Divorce

(Feb. 26, 2016) Currently, article 733 of Japan’s Civil Code states that women cannot remarry until six months after a divorce. (Civil Code (Part IV and Part V) (tentative translation), Act No. 89 of 1896, art. 733, Japanese Law Translation website.) This provision aims to avoid uncertainty regarding the identity of the legally presumed father […]

Japan: Supreme Court States Family Name System Constitutional

(Jan. 8, 2016) On December 16, 2015, the Japanese Supreme Court held that a Civil Code provision that requires one partner of a married couple, which in practice is nearly always the female partner, to change his/her surname to that of the other partner does not violate the relevant provisions of the Constitution. (Case No. […]

Japan: Communist Party Accepts Emperor’s Speech at Opening Ceremony of the Diet as Constitutional

(Jan. 4, 2016) Kazuo Shii, Japan’s Communist Party (JCP) Secretary, met with Tadamori Oshima, Speaker of the House of Representatives, on December 24, 2015, and informed the speaker that JCP members would attend the next opening ceremony of the House. Shii also requested on behalf of the JCP that the ceremony be reformed. (Norihisa Hoshino, […]