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Japan: Basel Act Amended

(Sept. 12, 2017) The Act on Control of Export, Import, etc. of Specified Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes (Basel Convention Act, Act No. 108 of 1992, E-GOV (in Japanese) is a Japanese domestic law corresponding to the Basel Convention to protect human health and the environment against the adverse effects of hazardous wastes.  (Overview, Basel […]

Japan: Chemical Substances Control Law Amended

(Sept. 6, 2017) Japan’s Chemical Substances Control Law (CSCL) aims to prevent environmental pollution caused by chemical substances that pose a risk to human health and interfere with the habitat and healthy development of flora and fauna.  (Act on the Evaluation of Chemical Substances and Regulation of Their Manufacture etc., Act No. 117 of 1973, […]

Japan: Law on Renting Rooms in Private Homes to Tourists

(June 16, 2017) On June 8, 2017, the Diet (Japan’s parliament) passed a bill that allows people to rent out rooms of their homes to tourists for profit.  The new law, the Home-Sharing Business Act, was promulgated on June 16, 2017.  (Home Sharing Business Act, Act No. 65 of 2017, KANPO [OFFICIAL GAZETTE], Extra Ed., […]

Japan/India: Diet Approves Civil Nuclear Cooperation Agreement

(June 14, 2017) The upper house (House of Councillors) of the Diet (Japan’s parliament) approved the Japan-India Civil Nuclear Cooperation Agreement on June 7, 2017. (Information on Bills: Japan-India Civil Nuclear Cooperation Agreement, House of Councillors website (in Japanese).) The Agreement had previously been signed on November 11, 2016. (Reason for Submission: Treaty No. 3, […]

Japan: Supreme Court Rules GPS-Based Investigation Requires Warrant

(Mar. 21, 2017) On March 15, 2017, the Supreme Court of Japan issued a judgment in a theft case that involved a police investigation using global positioning system (GPS) terminals they attached to the suspects’ cars; the investigation was conducted without warrants.  (Heisei 28 (a) 442 (S. Ct., Mar. 15, 2017), Courts of Japan (in Japanese).)  […]

Japan: Sex Crime Law to Be Amended

(Mar. 16, 2017) The Cabinet submitted a bill to the Diet, Japan’s parliament, on March 7, 2017, on amending a part of the Penal Code. (Bill Status Information, Cabinet Bill 47 of 193rd Diet Session, House of Representatives, Japan, website (in Japanese).) Former Minister of Justice Midori Matsushima had initiated the discussion of the amendment in […]

Japan: Undertaking by Non-Attorneys of Requests to Delete Online Content Can Constitute Legal Representation

(Feb. 24, 2017) Under the Attorney Act, legal assistance from non-lawyers is restricted in Japan, as it is in most jurisdictions. (Attorney Act, Act No. 205 of 1949, as amended by Act No. 87 of 2005, art. 72, translated in JAPANESE LAW TRANSLATION.) According to news articles, on February 20, 2017, the Tokyo District Court […]

Japan: Adoption of Grandchild in Order to Save on Inheritance Tax Can Be Valid

(Feb. 23, 2017) Japan’s Supreme Court decided, on January 31, 2017, that adoption of a grandchild can be valid even if the main purpose of the adoption is to save part of the heirs’ inheritance tax upon the grandparent’s death.  (Heisei 28 (ju) 1255, S. Ct. (Jan. 31, 2017), COURTS IN JAPAN (click on the […]

Japan: Google Does Not Have to Delete Search Results Related to Arrest

(Feb. 21, 2017) On January 31, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court rejected a petitioner’s demand that Google remove web search results that show reports of his arrest for child prostitution in 2011. (Heisei 28 (Kyo) 45 (S. Ct., Jan. 31, 2017), COURTS IN JAPAN (click Chinese characters beside the pdf icon).) The petitioner in the case claimed […]

Japan: Act on Promotion of Use of Bicycles

(Feb. 16, 2017) The Act on Promotion of the Use of Bicycles was promulgated on December 16, 2016.  (Act No. 113 of 2016, KANPO, Extra Ed. No. 278 (Dec. 16, 2016) at 38 (in Japanese).)  The Act will be effective within six months of the promulgation date.  (Id. Supp. Provisions, art. 1.)  This is the […]