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Mali: Peace Deal Concluded

(June 26, 2015) On June 20, 2015, Tuareg rebels, who have been in conflict with authorities in Mali for years, signed a peace accord with the government. The accord gives the northern part of the country, which includes the cities of Timbuktu and Gao, partial autonomy. The Tuareg had taken over that part of Mali […]

Mali; United Nations: Rights Expert Calls for Stronger Judicial System

(Mar. 11, 2014) Suliman Baldo, the United Nations independent expert on human rights in Mali, recently expressed his concern that crimes committed both by rebel groups and national forces during the 2012 conflict in the northern part of the country were not being effectively prosecuted. He issued this assessment in a press release, following his […]

Mali: Sharia Law Imposed in North

(Aug. 14, 2012) Ansar Dine (Defenders of Faith) and the Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO) have occupied northern Mali, controlling about 60% of the country, since late March 2012. These two armed groups have as a goal the imposition of Sharia (Islamic law) throughout the country. (Forcing Sharia Law in Mali, […]

International Criminal Court; Mali: Preliminary Investigation Launched into Recent Violence

(July 23, 2012) On July 18, 2012, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), Fatou Bensouda, stated that an inquiry is being launched into the recent violence in Mali, pursuant to a letter from the Malian government in which such an investigation was requested. (Jaclyn Belczyk, ICC Opens Preliminary Inquiry into Mali Violence, […]

Mali: Human Rights Crisis

(May 23, 2012) In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating factions and created a humanitarian crisis due to displaced civilian populations. In a statement released on […]

Mali: Constitution to Be Reinstated

(Apr. 9, 2012) On April 1, 2012, Amadou Haya Sanogo, the de facto head of Mali since the military took control in a coup on March 22, announced that the country's 1992 Constitution will be reinstated. (La Constitution du Mali, Decret No. 92-0731 P-CTSP, Portant Promulgation de la Constitution, United Nations Public Administration Network website […]

International Criminal Court; Mali: Agreement on Enforcement of Sentences

(Jan. 25, 2012) The Republic of Mali and the International Criminal Court (ICC), seated in The Hague, signed an agreement on January 12, 2012, on enforcement of ICC sentences of imprisonment. Mali is the first African state to conclude such an agreement with the ICC, which has similar arrangements with the governments of Austria, Belgium, […]

Mali: Bill Seeking to Modernize Family Law Regime Defeated

(Oct. 12, 2010) Mali's Parliament is currently considering a watered-down version of the Family Code bill that it passed on August 2009 after Toumani Touré, Mali's President, refused to give his assent to it in the face of political pressure from religious conservatives and sent the bill back to Parliament for reconsideration (Mali's Parliament Continues […]

Mali: Far-Reaching Changes Proposed by Legislature in New Family Code

(Aug. 19, 2009) It was reported on August 11, 2009, that Mali's National Assembly adopted a controversial new Family Code that introduces far-reaching changes to the existing family laws. It sets the minimum marriage age at 18, abolishes the death penalty, recognizes the right of women to inherit, and recognizes as valid only statutory marriages, […]

Mali: Proposal to Raise Marriage Age May Help Counter Trafficking in Girls

(Jan. 28, 2009) According to the United Nations, Niger is the country with the highest incidence in the world of early marriages, with many married by age 12 and 80 percent married before age 18. (Niger: Early Marriage – From Rural Custom to Urban Business, IRIN, Jan. 16, 2009, available at The current minimum […]