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Permanent Court of Arbitration/China/Philippines: Plan to Consider South China Sea Dispute

(Nov. 4, 2015) On October 29, 2015, the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), located in The Hague, issued an Award on Jurisdiction and Admissibility to hear the dispute brought before it by the Philippines against China concerning rights over contested areas in the South China Sea. The central issue in the case, according to the […]

Philippines: Central Bank Issues Warning on Virtual Currencies

(Apr. 30, 2014) In March 2014, the Philippines’ Central Bank (Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, hereinafter BSP) issued a statement explaining the risks of using Bitcoin and other virtual currencies. (Press Release, BSP, Warning Advisory on Virtual Currencies (Mar. 6, 2014).) The BSP’s statement indicated that because Bitcoin transactions have been taking place in the Philippines, […]

Cambodia; Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Thailand: Regional Agreement on Protecting Witnesses and Victims

(Nov. 25, 2013) Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, and Thailand have agreed to establish a technical agency charged with improving cooperation among their national agencies in protecting witnesses and victims of transnational crime. The agreement was reached during a meeting held in Kuta, on the Indonesian island of Bali, that ended on […]

Philippines; United States: Agreement to Launch Trade Transparency Unit

(July 9, 2013) On June 20, 2013, the Philippine Bureau of Customs (BOC) and the Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) directorate of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement signed a letter of intent to set up a trade transparency unit in <?Manila, in order to share information and detect commercial fraud and money laundering in trade transactions. […]

Philippines: Compensation to Victims of Martial Law

(Feb. 28, 2013) On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the <?Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country was under martial law. The Human Rights Victims Reparation and Recognition Act of 2013, considered to be landmark legislation, is designed to "recognize the suffering […]

Philippines: Independent Commission Against Private Armies Works Toward Safe and Credible Elections

(Mar. 30, 2010) The Independent Commission Against Private Armies (ICAPA), created by Administrative Order 275 issued by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, forwarded two resolutions (Resolution No. 001-10 and Resolution No. 002-10) to the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) and the Philippine National Police (PNP) on March 24, 2010. The resolutions direct these organizations to increase […]

Philippines: Supreme Court Stops Commission on Elections by Issuing TRO in Favor of LGBT Party

(Jan. 29, 2010) On January 12, 2010, the Supreme Court of the Philippines issued a Temporary Restraining Order (TRO) to stop the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) from barring Ang Ladlad – a political group representing lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered people in the Philippines – from appearing on the ballot for the May 2010 elections. […]

Philippines: Executive Order Creates a Committee to Strengthen Church and State Relations

(Jan. 27, 2010) On November 23, 2009, an Executive Order (EO) “Creating the Church-Police-Military-Liaison Committee [CPMLC] to Formulate and Implement a Comprehensive Program to Establish Strong Partnership Between the State and the Church on Matters Concerning Peace and Order and Human Rights” was issued. (EO No. 847, Office of the Press Secretary Online, Nov. 23, […]

Philippines: Freedom of Information Act Approved by Senate

(Dec. 17, 2009) On December 14, 2009, the Senate of the Philippines approved a Freedom of Information Act designed to allow access to key public documents, including those related to projects where corruption has been an issue. The Act, found in Senate Bill No. 3308, requires government agencies to allow public review and copying of […]