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United Nations: Treaty on Mercury to Come into Force

(June 7, 2017) On May 19, 2017, the United Nations announced that the Minamata Convention on Mercury will become effective on August 16, 2017.  The Convention has been signed by 128 countries and now ratified or acceded to by more than 50 states, including most recently Bulgaria, Denmark, Hungary, Malta, the Netherlands, Romania, and Sweden.  […]

United Nations/North Korea: Additional Sanctions Adopted

(June 7, 2017) On June 2, 2017, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2356 (2017), sponsored by the United States, “to extend the number of individuals and entities targeted by sanctions first imposed under resolution 1718 (2006) — an asset freeze and travel ban for those involved in the Democratic People’s Republic of […]

United Nations: Draft Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapons

(June 1, 2017) On May 22, 2017, a United Nations panel released a draft of a treaty that would ban all use of nuclear weapons. The prohibition would extend to all production, acquisition, transfer, or use of those weapons.  (Autumn Callan, UN Panel Releases Draft Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapons, PAPER CHASE (May 23, 2017); Draft […]

United Nations/World Bank: Updated Partnership Framework to Reduce Human Vulnerability to Violent Conflict

(Apr. 28, 2017) On April 22, 2017, the United Nations and the World Bank signed a partnership framework aimed at “building resilience for the most vulnerable people by reducing poverty, promoting shared prosperity, enhancing food security, and sustaining peace in crisis-affected situations.” (Press Release, U.N. Secretary-General, Joint Statement on Signing of New UN-World Bank Framework […]

United States: Conventions Proposed by U.N. Commission on International Trade Law Submitted to Senate for Ratification

(Feb. 14, 2017) On November 16, 2016, the U.S. State Department’s Advisory Committee on Private International Law held its annual meeting to discuss ongoing work involving the negotiation and drafting of instruments governing private cross-border transactions. The Committee announced that it had sent transmittal letters for each of several treaty documents to the Senate in […]

United Nations: Latin American and African Countries Join International Program to Combat Drug Trafficking

(Dec. 2, 2016) In October 2016, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) announced that ten countries in Latin America and Africa will participate in a UNODC program aimed at combatting international drug trafficking.  (Press Release, UNODC Launches CRIMJUST Project to Address Organized Crime and Drug Trafficking Across Regions (Oct. 18, 2016), UNODC […]

United Nations: Ban on Trade in African Grey Parrots

(Oct. 4, 2016) The United Nations has effectively banned trade in the African grey parrot by placing it on a priority list of endangered species under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species. The decision came after a two-week meeting on the Convention in Johannesburg, South Africa. (Tanisha Heiberg, Global Trade in Wild African […]

UN: Call to Include Human Rights Provisions in Trade Agreements and Dispute Resolution

(Sept. 27, 2016) On September 13, 2016, the United Nations Independent Expert on the Promotion of a Democratic and Equitable International Order, Alfred de Zayas, called for all future trade agreements to include provisions extolling the primary importance of human rights. He also said that the treaties should be aligned with the duty that states […]

United Nations: Report on Debt Bondage

(Sept. 26, 2016) On September 15, 2016, Urmila Bhoola, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Contemporary Forms of Slavery, presented a report on slavery in the modern world, in particular debt bondage, to the 33rd Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC), being held September 13-30, 2016.  (Debt Bondage Remains the Most Prevalent […]

United Nations: Agreement on Illegal Fishing

(July 22, 2016) In a July 1, 2016, statement, the Director-General of the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), José Graziano da Silva, lauded an agreement on illegal fishing which, although concluded on November 22, 2009, just came into force on June 5, 2016. The Director-General stated that “[g]enerations to come will recognize the importance […]