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Zimbabwe: Court Declares Law Empowering Police to Ban Public Demonstrations Indefinitely Unconstitutional

(Nov. 20, 2018) On October 18, 2018, the Constitutional Court of Zimbabwe, the highest court in the land on all constitutional matters, found unconstitutional a provision in the 2002 Public Order and Security Act (POSA) that essentially empowers local police to indefinitely ban public demonstrations in their jurisdictions.  (Carmel Richkard, A New Chapter for Human Rights […]

Zimbabwe: Constitutional Amendment Bill Gives President Unilateral Power to Appoint Top Judges

(Aug. 22, 2017) On July 25, 2017, the 270-member National Assembly, the lower house of Zimbabwe’s bicameral Parliament, passed a bill that among other measures seeks to amend the Constitution to accord the President unfettered power to unilaterally fill the highest judicial positions in the country: those of Chief Justice, Deputy Chief Justice, and Judge President of the High Court.  (Amendment Bill […]

Zimbabwe: Draft New Constitution Approved in Referendum

(Mar. 26, 2013) On March 16, 2013, in a nationwide referendum held in <?Zimbabwe, almost 95% of those who cast votes approved the country’s draft new constitution. (Samuel Franklin, Zimbabwe Voters Approve New Constitution, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST (Mar. 19, 2013).) The turnout of more than 3.3 million voters, while low in the view of some […]

Zimbabwe: New Constitution Approved by Parliamentary Committee

(Feb. 7, 2013) It was reported on February 1, 2013, that Zimbabwe’s parliamentary Constitution Select Committee (COPAC) has formally adopted a draft new constitution for the country, following a settlement of political differences among the major parties. This action by the 25-member Committee is the last step in the drafting phase of the constitutional revision […]

Zimbabwe: De Facto Moratorium on Capital Punishment

(Aug. 21, 2012) Zimbabwe currently retains the death penalty, with 60 people facing death sentences. However, no one has been subjected to capital punishment in eight years, and at present there is no executioner. According to Deputy Justice Minister Obert Gutu, it is unlikely that an executioner will be hired any time soon. He stated […]

Zimbabwe: House of Assembly Reduces Powers of Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission

(July 20, 2012) On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 following a constitutional amendment. (Rights Bill Passed, THE HERALD (July 13, 2012); Constitution of Zimbabwe (as […]

Zimbabwe: Mines and Minerals Law to Be Amended

(Apr. 13, 2012) On April 5, 2012, Zimbabwe's Mines and Mining Development Ministry announced plans to finalize an amendment to the country's Mines and Minerals Act. The revised provisions are intended to promote investment as well as sustainable development. Minister Obert Mpofu's statement indicated that the new version of the law will guarantee security of […]

Zimbabwe: Measure to Curb Textile Dumping to Be Introduced

(Apr. 12, 2012) In a new policy in force from late March 2012, the Government of Zimbabwe is working to improve the country's textile industry. Measures will be introduced to reduce the “dumping” of textile products, including clothes (usually by under-pricing of the goods), in the country's market. Customs duties on textile imports and the […]

Zimbabwe: Use of Military, Police Against Civil Society Criticized

(Mar. 28, 2011) On March 23, 2011, the Zimbabwean human rights group Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition issued a statement denouncing the use of that country's army and police forces to intimidate opposition figures. Dewa Muvhinga of the Coalition attributed the government moves to the fact that elections are scheduled for later this year. “We are […]