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Indonesia: Procedural Simplification as Development Incentive

(Feb. 29, 2016) Indonesia’s President Joko Widodo, speaking on February 22, 2016, advocated building the country’s infrastructure and decreasing regulatory obstacles as vital to Indonesia’s economic competitiveness. The issue of competitiveness in the region is especially important, he said, now that Indonesia is part of the ASEAN Economic Community. “This is the era of competition […]

Israel: New Law Enables Electronic Clearing of Checks

(Feb. 16, 2016) On February 1, 2016, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed the Electronic Clearing of Checks Law, 5776-2016. (Electronic Clearing of Checks Law, 5776-2016 (ECC Law) (Feb. 1, 2016), Knesset website (in Hebrew) (scroll down to link to appropriate law.) According to section 44 of the Bill of Exchange Ordinance (New Version), “a bill […]

Switzerland: Referendum on Sovereign Money Will Go to a Vote

(Jan. 20, 2016) On December 24, 2015, the Swiss Government announced that a proposed referendum on sovereign money had achieved the required 100,000 number of signatures to be put to a vote. In a sovereign money system, all physical and electronic money is created by the central bank and the commercial banks act only as […]

Eritrea: Law on Issuance of New Currency Notes Enacted

(Nov. 10, 2015) On November 4, 2015, the Bank of Eritrea, the country’s central bank, issued the Legal Tender Nakfa Currency Notes Regulations to provide for the replacement of the currency notes currently in circulation (the old Nakfa) and to impose limitations on the amount of money individuals may hold in cash. (Legal Notice No. 124/2015 Legal Tender Nakfa […]

Vietnam: Central Bank Currency Regulation Issued

(Nov. 3, 2015) On October 2, 2105, the State Bank of Vietnam issued Circular No. 15/2015/TT-NHNN, on foreign currency transactions at credit institutions. The goal of the Circular, which went into effect on October 5, is to limit speculation in and hoarding of U.S. dollars and other foreign currencies. (Central Bank to Tighten Management of […]

Indonesia: Central Bank Measures to Stabilize Currency

(Oct. 7, 2015) On September 30, 2015, Indonesia’s central bank, Bank Indonesia, announced new measures designed to stabilize the rupiah, the country’s currency. The Bank will issue certificates in foreign currency and also will intervene in the currency market, hoping to stem the fall of the rupiah, both in fact and in public perceptions about […]

Indonesia: Circulars Issued on Bank Accounts for Foreigners, Other Financial Services

(Sept. 18, 2015) Indonesia’s Financial Services Authority has recently issued a number of regulations and circulars, including a Regulation on Framework Provisions on the National Economic Stimulus for Banks (Regulation No. 11/POJK.03/2015) and a Regulation on Framework Provisions of the National Economic Stimulus for Islamic Banks and Sharia Businesses (Regulation No. 12/POJK.03/2015, in addition to […]

Austria: Parliament Enacts Tax Reform

(Aug. 20, 2015) On July 23, 2015, Austria’s Parliament enacted a major reform of the country’s tax system that expands the progressive income tax scale for individuals to six brackets, ranging from an initial 25% rate to a ceiling rate of 55%. Other aspects of the reform include, inter alia, doubling the tax-exempt allowance for […]

Italy: Updated Legislation on Credit Entities and on Strengthening of Bank of Italy

(July 17, 2015) On June 27, 2015, new legislation on the supervision of credit entities and on the strengthening of the country’s central bank, Decree-Law No. 72, entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 72 of May 12, 2015, Implementation of EU Directive 2013/36, That Amends Directive 2002/87/CE and Repeals Directives 2006/48/CE and 2006/49/CE, Concerning […]