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European Union: Court Dismisses German Bank’s Challenge Against “Significant Entity” Classification

(June 22, 2017) In a decision issued on May 16, 2017, the General Court of the European Union confirmed the decision of the European Central Bank (ECB) to classify the German State bank Landeskreditbank BadenWürttemberg – Förderbank as a “significant entity.” The bank is therefore subject to direct supervision by the ECB rather than supervision […]

South Africa: Financial Intelligence Centre Act Amended

(May 25, 2017) On April 29, 2017, South African President Jacob Zuma signed into law the Financial Intelligence Centre Amendment Act, 2017, amending the Financial Intelligence Centre Act of 2001, an Act designed to “combat money laundering and the financing of terrorism.”  (Press Release, President Jacob Zuma Signs FICA Bill into Law, South African Government website […]

Iceland: Central Bank Eases Currency Restrictions, Ends Financial Crisis Capital Controls

(May 16, 2017) On March 12, 2017, the Icelandic Central Bank announced that it had adopted new currency exchange rules and entered into agreements to purchase Icelandic krónur from foreign holders. (Central Bank of Iceland Concludes Agreement with Owners of Offshore Króna Assets, ICELANDIC CENTRAL BANK (Mar. 12, 2017); New Rules on Foreign Exchange, ICELANDIC CENTRAL […]

Macau: ID Card Scan and Facial Recognition Required for Mainland Bank Card Holders Using ATMs

(May 11, 2017) On May 7, 2017, the Government of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People’s Republic of China announced that “know your customer” (KYC) technology will be installed in automated teller machines (ATMs) in the city, in particular those in and near casinos.  Holders of UnionPay cards issued by mainland China […]

Iran: 14.5% Minimum Wage Increase Still Not in Accord with Labor Law Protections

(Apr. 19, 2017) Iran’s Supreme Labor Council, a government body charged with proposing labor regulations to the presidential Cabinet, agreed on March 15, 2017, to raise the minimum wage for the 2017 fiscal year (which begins March 21 in Iran) by 14.5%.  (Workers’ Rights, CENTER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS IN IRAN (Jan. 3, 2006); Labor Code […]

Kenya: Anti-Money Laundering Law Amended

(Mar. 24, 2017) On March 3, 2017, the Kenyan President, Uhuru Kenyatta, signed into law the Proceeds of Crime and Anti-Money Laundering (Amendment) Bill.  During the signing ceremony, he reportedly noted that “[t]his is a major tool in our sustained efforts to fight corruption.  It means that no proceeds of theft and corruption are beyond the […]

European Union: Court Rejects Compensation of Commercial Banks over Greek Debt

(Feb. 8, 2017) In a decision issued on January 24, 2017, the General Court of the European Union determined that the European Central Bank (ECB) is not obligated to compensate commercial banks for losses they incurred in 2012 from the restructuring of Greek debt. The Court said that the ECB had not broken the law by […]

Iceland: Supreme Court Convicts Bankers in Market Manipulation and Fraud Case

(Nov. 10, 2016) On October 6, 2016, the Icelandic Supreme Court handed down a judgment in the Kaupthing case, in which nine bank officials were convicted of fraud and market manipulation in connection with the Icelandic banking crisis of 2008 when the Kaupthing bank bought its own stock in order to keep its value artificially […]

Japan: Bitcoin to Be Regulated

(Nov. 4, 2016) On June 3, 2016, an act that amended Japan’s Bank Act and other acts, including the Payment Services Act, was promulgated. (Act to Amend Parts of the Bank Act and Other Acts in Order to Correspond with Changes in the Environment Made by Information and Communications Technologies, Act No. 62 of 2016, […]

Italy: Amendments to the National Budget Law

(Oct. 6, 2016) On September 9, 2016, new legislation amending the national budget entered into effect in Italy. (Law No. 163 of August 4, 2016, Amending Law No. 196 of December 31, 2009, Concerning the Content of the Budget Law, Implementing Article 15 of Law No. 243 of December 24, 2012 (Law No. 163), GAZETTA […]