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Kenya: Anti-Money Laundering Law Amended

(Mar. 24, 2017) On March 3, 2017, the Kenyan President, Uhuru Kenyatta, signed into law the Proceeds of Crime and Anti-Money Laundering (Amendment) Bill.  During the signing ceremony, he reportedly noted that “[t]his is a major tool in our sustained efforts to fight corruption.  It means that no proceeds of theft and corruption are beyond the […]

European Union: Court Rejects Compensation of Commercial Banks over Greek Debt

(Feb. 8, 2017) In a decision issued on January 24, 2017, the General Court of the European Union determined that the European Central Bank (ECB) is not obligated to compensate commercial banks for losses they incurred in 2012 from the restructuring of Greek debt. The Court said that the ECB had not broken the law by […]

Iceland: Supreme Court Convicts Bankers in Market Manipulation and Fraud Case

(Nov. 10, 2016) On October 6, 2016, the Icelandic Supreme Court handed down a judgment in the Kaupthing case, in which nine bank officials were convicted of fraud and market manipulation in connection with the Icelandic banking crisis of 2008 when the Kaupthing bank bought its own stock in order to keep its value artificially […]

Italy: Amendments to the National Budget Law

(Oct. 6, 2016) On September 9, 2016, new legislation amending the national budget entered into effect in Italy. (Law No. 163 of August 4, 2016, Amending Law No. 196 of December 31, 2009, Concerning the Content of the Budget Law, Implementing Article 15 of Law No. 243 of December 24, 2012 (Law No. 163), GAZETTA […]

Italy: Legislation on Debtor-Creditor Relationships

(June 21, 2016) On May 4, 2016, new legislation introducing provisions related to debtor-creditor relations, bankruptcy procedures, executive debt collection procedures, and procedures for the protection of investors in banking institutions that are under liquidation entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 59 of May 3, 2016, Urgent Provisions Concerning Executive and Bankruptcy Procedures, as Well as […]

North Korea: Anti-Money Laundering and Anti-Terrorism Financing Law Adopted

(May 19, 2016) On April 20, 2016, the Presidium of the Supreme People’s Assembly of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) issued a decree on the adoption of the Law on Anti-Money Laundering and Combating Financing of Terrorism. The Law has 40 articles divided among six chapters.  (Revision: KCNA: North Korea Adopts New Law […]

Indonesia: Procedural Simplification as Development Incentive

(Feb. 29, 2016) Indonesia’s President Joko Widodo, speaking on February 22, 2016, advocated building the country’s infrastructure and decreasing regulatory obstacles as vital to Indonesia’s economic competitiveness. The issue of competitiveness in the region is especially important, he said, now that Indonesia is part of the ASEAN Economic Community. “This is the era of competition […]

Israel: New Law Enables Electronic Clearing of Checks

(Feb. 16, 2016) On February 1, 2016, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed the Electronic Clearing of Checks Law, 5776-2016. (Electronic Clearing of Checks Law, 5776-2016 (ECC Law) (Feb. 1, 2016), Knesset website (in Hebrew) (scroll down to link to appropriate law.) According to section 44 of the Bill of Exchange Ordinance (New Version), “a bill […]

Switzerland: Referendum on Sovereign Money Will Go to a Vote

(Jan. 20, 2016) On December 24, 2015, the Swiss Government announced that a proposed referendum on sovereign money had achieved the required 100,000 number of signatures to be put to a vote. In a sovereign money system, all physical and electronic money is created by the central bank and the commercial banks act only as […]