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European Union/Georgia: Negotiations on Visa-Free Travel

(Nov. 11, 2016) The European Parliament, in the final stages of the integration process of Georgia into the European Union, called on the Council of the EU to start negotiations on a visa waiver for Georgia “without any further delay.” (Press Release, European Parliament, EP Urges Council to Open Talks on a Visa Waiver for […]

Spain: National Police Chief Addresses Anti-Terrorism Policies

(Sept. 29, 2016) The head of Spain’s National Police gave an address describing how Spain’s efforts to improve anti-terrorist cooperation among European Union Member States, and arguing against national border patrols within the European Union.  (Hugo Gutiérrez, El Director de la Policia Nacional Pide mas Cooperación Europea contra el Terrorismo, EL PAIS (Aug.1, 2016).) He argued […]

Japan: New Law on Preservation of Remote Island Areas

(June 20, 2016) The Act on Preservation of Areas of Remote, Inhabited Islands Establishing Territorial Seas and Maintenance of Local Societies on Areas of Specified Remote, Inhabited Islands Establishing Territorial Seas (Act on Preserving Remote Island Areas) was promulgated by Japan on April 27, 2016. (Act No. 33 of 2016, KANPOU [OFFICIAL GAZETTE].)  It will be […]

Finland/Russian Federation: Agreements Concluded to Stem Migrant Flow

(Apr. 7, 2016) Finland and Russia have concluded two agreements on cross-border traffic designed to reduce the flow of illegal immigrants into the Eastern Lapland region of Finland. According to Päivi Nerg of Finland’s Ministry of the Interior, the two countries have been concerned about the number of migrants travelling in a westward direction into […]

Australia/Nauru: High Court Rules Offshore Detention of Asylum Seekers Is Lawful

(Feb. 5, 2016) On February 3, 2016, the High Court of Australia, Australia’s highest court, held in a 6-1 decision that the government is legally able to participate in the detention of asylum seekers in the Pacific island country of Nauru; this means that a number of people who were brought to Australia to receive […]

Denmark: Law to Stem Asylum-Based Immigration

(Feb. 1, 2016) On January 26, 2016, the Danish Parliament, in a vote of 81 to 27 (with 70 absentees), adopted several measures meant to reduce the number of asylum seekers arriving in Denmark. (Forslag til lov om ændring af udlændingeloven [Bill of the Law on Amending the Aliens Act] (final text of the proposal […]

European Union: Proposals to Establish a New European Border and Coast Guard

(Dec. 18, 2015) On December 15, 2015, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a Regulation to Establish a European Border and Coast Guard (EBCG), designed to ensure shared European management of the external borders of the European Union. The proposal will establish a European Border and Coast Guard Agency (EBCGA), which will replace the […]

European Union: Schengen Area and Re-Introduction of Border Controls

(Dec. 8, 2015) On December 1, 2015, Luxembourg, which is at present holding the rotating Presidency of the European Council, invited the Council of the European Union to hold a debate on the functioning of the Schengen area and to discuss a number of issues that have been raised due to the unprecedented influx of […]

Hungary: New Law Permits Army’s Use of Non-Lethal Weapons Against Illegal Migrants

(Nov. 6, 2015) On September 21, 2015, the National Assembly of Hungary approved legislation that allows the country’s military to use non-lethal weapons against refugees when they enter Hungary illegally (Jacqueline Jones, Hungary Lawmakers Approve Use of Non-Lethal Weapons on Refugees, PAPER CHASE (Sept. 23, 2015).) Soldiers may use rubber bullets, tear gas, pyrotechnical devices, […]

Germany: New Anti-Terrorism Legislation Entered Into Force

(July 10, 2015) On June 20 and on June 30, 2015, new anti-terrorism legislation entered into force in Germany. The new law makes it a crime to travel outside the country with the intent to receive terrorist training, adds a new section on terrorism financing to the Criminal Code, and creates national identity card and […]