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Japan: New Law on Preservation of Remote Island Areas

(June 20, 2016) The Act on Preservation of Areas of Remote, Inhabited Islands Establishing Territorial Seas and Maintenance of Local Societies on Areas of Specified Remote, Inhabited Islands Establishing Territorial Seas (Act on Preserving Remote Island Areas) was promulgated by Japan on April 27, 2016. (Act No. 33 of 2016, KANPOU [OFFICIAL GAZETTE].)  It will be […]

Finland/Russian Federation: Agreements Concluded to Stem Migrant Flow

(Apr. 7, 2016) Finland and Russia have concluded two agreements on cross-border traffic designed to reduce the flow of illegal immigrants into the Eastern Lapland region of Finland. According to Päivi Nerg of Finland’s Ministry of the Interior, the two countries have been concerned about the number of migrants travelling in a westward direction into […]

Australia/Nauru: High Court Rules Offshore Detention of Asylum Seekers Is Lawful

(Feb. 5, 2016) On February 3, 2016, the High Court of Australia, Australia’s highest court, held in a 6-1 decision that the government is legally able to participate in the detention of asylum seekers in the Pacific island country of Nauru; this means that a number of people who were brought to Australia to receive […]

Denmark: Law to Stem Asylum-Based Immigration

(Feb. 1, 2016) On January 26, 2016, the Danish Parliament, in a vote of 81 to 27 (with 70 absentees), adopted several measures meant to reduce the number of asylum seekers arriving in Denmark. (Forslag til lov om ændring af udlændingeloven [Bill of the Law on Amending the Aliens Act] (final text of the proposal […]

European Union: Proposals to Establish a New European Border and Coast Guard

(Dec. 18, 2015) On December 15, 2015, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a Regulation to Establish a European Border and Coast Guard (EBCG), designed to ensure shared European management of the external borders of the European Union. The proposal will establish a European Border and Coast Guard Agency (EBCGA), which will replace the […]

European Union: Schengen Area and Re-Introduction of Border Controls

(Dec. 8, 2015) On December 1, 2015, Luxembourg, which is at present holding the rotating Presidency of the European Council, invited the Council of the European Union to hold a debate on the functioning of the Schengen area and to discuss a number of issues that have been raised due to the unprecedented influx of […]

Hungary: New Law Permits Army’s Use of Non-Lethal Weapons Against Illegal Migrants

(Nov. 6, 2015) On September 21, 2015, the National Assembly of Hungary approved legislation that allows the country’s military to use non-lethal weapons against refugees when they enter Hungary illegally (Jacqueline Jones, Hungary Lawmakers Approve Use of Non-Lethal Weapons on Refugees, PAPER CHASE (Sept. 23, 2015).) Soldiers may use rubber bullets, tear gas, pyrotechnical devices, […]

Germany: New Anti-Terrorism Legislation Entered Into Force

(July 10, 2015) On June 20 and on June 30, 2015, new anti-terrorism legislation entered into force in Germany. The new law makes it a crime to travel outside the country with the intent to receive terrorist training, adds a new section on terrorism financing to the Criminal Code, and creates national identity card and […]

Russia: Re-Entry Restrictions for Illegal Migrants

(Feb. 27, 2015) On January 12, 2015, amendments to the Federal Law on Exit from and Entry into the Russian Federation entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation No. 524-FZ of December 31, 2014, on Amending Article 27 of the Federal Law on Exit from and Entry into the Russian Federation, Official Internet […]

Ukraine: Demarcation of Border with Russia

(Dec. 2, 2014) On November 19, 2014, the Government of Ukraine announced that it will approve the draft of the President’s Executive Order that provides for the beginning of work on delimitation of the border between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. (Government Approved President’s Decree on Unilateral Demarcation of Borderline Between Ukraine and Russia, GOVERNMENT […]