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Egypt/Saudi Arabia: Egyptian Parliament Ratifies Maritime Border Demarcation Agreement

(June 26, 2017) On June 14, 2017, in a general session, the Egyptian Council of Representatives (the parliament) ratified the maritime border demarcation agreement between Egypt and Saudi Arabia. Based on this bilateral agreement, Egypt will cede its territorial rights to two Red Sea islands (Tiran and Sanfair) to Saudi Arabia. (Egypt Parliament to Vote […]

Egypt/Saudi Arabia: Supreme Administrative Court Rejects Government Appeal in Red Sea Islands Agreement Case

(Jan. 25, 2017) On January 16, 2017, the Supreme Administrative Court of Egypt rejected the Egyptian government’s appeal against a decision issued by the court of first instance that repealed a bilateral agreement between Egypt and Saudi Arabia on maritime demarcation.  The agreement included the transfer of sovereignty of Tiran and Sanafir Islands in the […]

Egypt/Saudi Arabia: Bilateral Agreement on Maritime Demarcation Approved by Ministers

(Jan. 12, 2017) On December 29, 2016, the Council of Ministers of Egypt approved a maritime demarcation agreement between the governments of Egypt and Saudi Arabia. According to the agreement, Saudi Arabia will assume control over two islands in the Red Sea that have been under the control of Egypt. Following its approval of the […]

Permanent Court of Arbitration/China/Philippines: Plan to Consider South China Sea Dispute

(Nov. 4, 2015) On October 29, 2015, the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), located in The Hague, issued an Award on Jurisdiction and Admissibility to hear the dispute brought before it by the Philippines against China concerning rights over contested areas in the South China Sea. The central issue in the case, according to the […]

Bangladesh; India: Decades-Long Border Dispute Resolved Through Implementation of Land Swap Agreement

(Aug. 11, 2015) Bangladesh and India have resolved a decades-old border issue through a land swap agreement that started with a physical exchange of enclaves on July 31, 2015, to continue in phases between that date and June 30, 2016. (Bangladesh, India in Historic Land Swap After Nearly 4 Decades, HINDUSTAN TIMES, (July 31, 2015); […]

Ukraine: Demarcation of Border with Russia

(Dec. 2, 2014) On November 19, 2014, the Government of Ukraine announced that it will approve the draft of the President’s Executive Order that provides for the beginning of work on delimitation of the border between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. (Government Approved President’s Decree on Unilateral Demarcation of Borderline Between Ukraine and Russia, GOVERNMENT […]

United States: Pacific Marine Reserve Expanded

(Nov. 7, 2014) President Barack Obama has issued a proclamation creating the largest marine reserve in the world, expanding an existing reserve over scattered areas in the south-central Pacific Ocean. The September 25, 2014, proclamation expands the territory of the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument. (Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument Expansion, Proclamation No. […]

Italy: Abolition of Crime of “Illegal Immigration” and the Mare Nostrum Policy

(Sept. 24, 2014) In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of “illegal immigration.” Law No. 67 of 2014 delegates legislative powers to the Executive Branch to pass legislation amending the Italian criminal […]

Indonesia; Singapore: Maritime Border Pact Signed

(Sept. 11, 2014) On September 3, 2014, Indonesia’s President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and Singapore’s Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong witnessed the signing of the Treaty Between the Republic of Indonesia and the Republic of Singapore Relating to the Delimitation of the Territorial Seas of the Two Countries in the Eastern Part of the Strait of […]

Bangladesh; India: Court Awards Control of Maritime Region

(July 15, 2014) On July 7, 2014, the Permanent Court of Arbitration, which is located in The Hague, issued its decision on the maritime dispute between Bangladesh and India. (Bay of Bengal Maritime Boundary Arbitration Between Bangladesh and India (Bangladesh v. India), Permanent Court of Arbitration website (last visited July 11, 2014).) The Court considered […]