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Permanent Court of Arbitration/China/Philippines: Plan to Consider South China Sea Dispute

(Nov. 4, 2015) On October 29, 2015, the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), located in The Hague, issued an Award on Jurisdiction and Admissibility to hear the dispute brought before it by the Philippines against China concerning rights over contested areas in the South China Sea. The central issue in the case, according to the […]

Bangladesh; India: Decades-Long Border Dispute Resolved Through Implementation of Land Swap Agreement

(Aug. 11, 2015) Bangladesh and India have resolved a decades-old border issue through a land swap agreement that started with a physical exchange of enclaves on July 31, 2015, to continue in phases between that date and June 30, 2016. (Bangladesh, India in Historic Land Swap After Nearly 4 Decades, HINDUSTAN TIMES, (July 31, 2015); […]

Ukraine: Demarcation of Border with Russia

(Dec. 2, 2014) On November 19, 2014, the Government of Ukraine announced that it will approve the draft of the President’s Executive Order that provides for the beginning of work on delimitation of the border between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. (Government Approved President’s Decree on Unilateral Demarcation of Borderline Between Ukraine and Russia, GOVERNMENT […]

United States: Pacific Marine Reserve Expanded

(Nov. 7, 2014) President Barack Obama has issued a proclamation creating the largest marine reserve in the world, expanding an existing reserve over scattered areas in the south-central Pacific Ocean. The September 25, 2014, proclamation expands the territory of the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument. (Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument Expansion, Proclamation No. […]

Italy: Abolition of Crime of “Illegal Immigration” and the Mare Nostrum Policy

(Sept. 24, 2014) In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this year abolished the crime of “illegal immigration.” Law No. 67 of 2014 delegates legislative powers to the Executive Branch to pass legislation amending the Italian criminal […]

Indonesia; Singapore: Maritime Border Pact Signed

(Sept. 11, 2014) On September 3, 2014, Indonesia’s President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and Singapore’s Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong witnessed the signing of the Treaty Between the Republic of Indonesia and the Republic of Singapore Relating to the Delimitation of the Territorial Seas of the Two Countries in the Eastern Part of the Strait of […]

Bangladesh; India: Court Awards Control of Maritime Region

(July 15, 2014) On July 7, 2014, the Permanent Court of Arbitration, which is located in The Hague, issued its decision on the maritime dispute between Bangladesh and India. (Bay of Bengal Maritime Boundary Arbitration Between Bangladesh and India (Bangladesh v. India), Permanent Court of Arbitration website (last visited July 11, 2014).) The Court considered […]

Bolivia; Chile; International Court of Justice: Access to the Sea Case

(Apr. 25, 2014) On April 15, 2014, Bolivia submitted to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a memorandum with arguments supporting its lawsuit filed against Chile for the purpose of reclaiming access to the Pacific Ocean. Bolivia lost that access to the coast in a 19th-century war with Chile, leaving it landlocked. Chile has stated […]

Cameroon; Nigeria: Bakassi Peninsula Transition Completed

(Aug. 23, 2013) On August 15, 2013, the United Nations Security Council issued a statement welcoming the peaceful end two days earlier of the special transitional regime that had been established for the Bakassi Peninsula. (Press Release, Security Council Press Statement on Bakassi Peninsula Developments, SC/11094 AFR/2680 (Aug. 15, 2013).) The peninsula, which is rich […]

Bangladesh; Burma: Maritime Dispute Adjudicated

(Apr. 12, 2012) On March 14, 2012, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) issued a ruling in a dispute between Bangladesh and Burma (Myanmar) concerning the two countries' maritime boundary in the Bay of Bengal. (Case No. 16: Dispute Concerning Delimitation of the Maritime Boundary Between Bangladesh and Myanmar in the […]